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Chrysanthemum coronarium - L.

Common Name Chop-Suey Greens
Family Asteraceae or Compositae
USDA hardiness Coming soon
Known Hazards None known
Habitats Cultivated ground and waste places[50].
Range S. Europe.
Edibility Rating    (3 of 5)
Other Uses    (0 of 5)
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating    (2 of 5)
Care
Moist Soil Semi-shade Full sun
Chrysanthemum coronarium Chop-Suey Greens


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Chrysanthemum coronarium Chop-Suey Greens
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Summary


Physical Characteristics

 icon of manicon of flower
Chrysanthemum coronarium is a ANNUAL growing to 1.2 m (4ft).
It is not frost tender. It is in flower from July to September, and the seeds ripen from August to October. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Bees, flies, beetles, Lepidoptera (Moths & Butterflies). The plant is self-fertile.
Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and prefers well-drained soil. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade. It prefers moist soil.

Synonyms

Habitats

 Cultivated Beds;

Edible Uses

Edible Parts: Flowers;  Leaves.
Edible Uses:

Young shoots and stems - raw or cooked[34, 46, 61, 105, 116]. Strongly aromatic[183, 200]. Flowers - raw[116]. Blanched briefly and added to salads[183]. The centre of the flower is bitter so only the petals are normally used[206].

Composition
Figures in grams (g) or miligrams (mg) per 100g of food.
Leaves (Dry weight)
  • 292 Calories per 100g
  • Water : 0%
  • Protein: 27.7g; Fat: 4.6g; Carbohydrate: 50.8g; Fibre: 13.8g; Ash: 16.9g;
  • Minerals - Calcium: 969mg; Phosphorus: 523mg; Iron: 38.5mg; Magnesium: 0mg; Sodium: 1631mg; Potassium: 3938mg; Zinc: 0mg;
  • Vitamins - A: 49mg; Thiamine (B1): 1.38mg; Riboflavin (B2): 2.92mg; Niacin: 9.23mg; B6: 0mg; C: 415mg;
  • Reference: [ ]
  • Notes:

Medicinal Uses



Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.

Aromatic;  Bitter;  Expectorant;  Purgative;  Stomachic;  VD.

The leaves are expectorant and stomachic[218]. In conjunction with black pepper it is used in the treatment of gonorrhoea[240]. The flowers are aromatic, bitter and stomachic[240]. They are used as a substitute for camomile (Chamaemelum nobile)[240]. The bark is purgative, it is used in the treatment of syphilis[240].

Other Uses

Companion;  Repellent.

Possibly a good companion plant, protecting neighbouring plants from caterpillars etc. There is a report that secretions from the roots can be effective in controlling nematodes in the soil, but this has not been substantiated[206].

Cultivation details

Succeeds in ordinary garden soil[1], but it prefers a well-drained fertile soil in full sun[200, 206]. It will tolerate light shade in the summer[206]. Tolerates a pH in the range 5.2 to 7.5. Plants do not grow well at temperatures above 25°c, tending to become bitter in hot weather[206]. Plants withstand light frosts[206]. Whilst this species is often grown as an ornamental in the West, in the Orient the variety C. coronarium spatiosum L.H.Bailey is comonly cultivated as a vegetable[200]. This variety is treated separately. There are many named varieties[183]. It takes 4 - 5 weeks from sowing the seed to the first harvest when plants are grown on the cut and come again principle[206]. Plants often self-sow when they are well-sited and the soil is disturbed by hoeing etc[K].

Propagation

Seed - surface-sow in spring to early autumn in situ. The seed usually germinates within 10 - 18 days at 15°c[206]. Successional sowings can be made at intervals of a few weeks in order to ensure a constant supply of young plants[206]. Autumn sowings succeed in mild areas[164]. An autumn sowing under cover will often supply leaves all winter[206].

Other Names

If available other names are mentioned here

Found In

Countries where the plant has been found are listed here if the information is available

Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status :

Related Plants
Latin NameCommon NameEdibility RatingMedicinal Rating
Artemisia vulgarisMugwort, Common wormwood, Felon Herb, Chrysanthemum Weed, Wild Wormwood23
Chrysanthemum carinatumTricolor Chrysanthemum, Painted Daisy, Summer Chrysanthemum20
Chrysanthemum coronarium spatiosumChop-Suey Greens32
Chrysanthemum marshallii 00
Chrysanthemum segetumCorn Marigold10
Dendranthema indicumChrysanthemum23
Dendranthema x grandiflorumChrysanthemum, Cut Mum, Garden Mum, Pot Mum, Florist's Chrysanthemum23
Leucanthemum maximumShasta Daisy, Max chrysanthemum00

 

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Expert comment

Author

L.

Botanical References

50200

Links / References

For a list of references used on this page please go here

Readers comment

Angelia   Wed Jun 3 2009

I lived in the far east when I was young and this plant is widely used as a vegetable there. It is commonly added to soups and has a herby flavour which is an accquired taste I come to love. A few years ago while holidaying in Japan I came across the seeds in a local garden centre. It grows well in my garden in the northwest of England, does well in a sunny position. It was too precious for me to eat them and I have allowed them to flower. The flower is very pretty and is ornamental itself.

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