Please donate to support our ‘Plants to Save the Planet’ Project. The Project is directed at enabling designers of ‘carbon farms’ and ‘food forests’: agroecosystems of perennial plants, to choose the most appropriate plants for their requirements and site conditions. We are working on a subset of plants in the PFAF database identified as having the most potential for inclusion in such designs. We are adding search terms and icons to those plants pages, and providing a range of search options aligned to categories of plants and crop yields, with Help facilities including videos. More >>>

Follow Us:

 

Common Name
Family
USDA hardiness
Known Hazards
Habitats
Range
Edibility Rating
Other Uses
Weed Potential
Medicinal Rating
Care (info)

 

Translate this page:

Summary


Physical Characteristics

 

UK Hardiness Map US Hardiness Map

Synonyms

Habitats

Edible Uses

References

Medicinal Uses

References

Our new book Edible Shrubs is now available.

Edible Shrubs provides detailed information, attractively presented, on over 70 shrub species. They have been selected to provide a mix of different plant sizes and growing conditions. Most provide delicious and nutritious fruit, but many also have edible leaves, seeds, flowers, stems or roots, or they yield edible or useful oil.

Read More

Edible Shrubs Book

Other Uses

Special Uses

References

Cultivation details

References

Temperature Converter

Type a value in the Celsius field to convert the value to Fahrenheit:

Fahrenheit:

image

The PFAF Bookshop

Plants For A Future have a number of books available in paperback and digital form. Book titles include Edible Plants, Edible Perennials, Edible Trees, and Woodland Gardening. Our new book to be released soon is Edible Shrubs.

Shop Now

Propagation

Other Names

If available other names are mentioned here

Found In

Countries where the plant has been found are listed here if the information is available

Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status

Related Plants
Latin NameCommon NameHabitHeightHardinessGrowthSoilShadeMoistureEdibleMedicinalOther
Abies albaSilver Fir, Christmas Tree Fir, European Silver Fir, SilverTree45.0 5-8 FLMHFSNM234
Abies amabilisRed Fir,Pacific silver firTree30.0 4-8 SLMHFSNM12 
Abies balsameaBalsam FirTree15.0 3-6 SLMHFSNM35 
Abies cephalonicaGrecian FirTree36.0 4-8 MLMHFSNM00 
Abies concolorColorado Fir, White firTree45.0 3-7 FLMHFSNDM02 
Abies delavayi Tree25.0 6-9 SLMHFSNM00 
Abies firmaMomi Fir, Japanese FirTree30.0 6-9 MLMHFSNM10 
Abies fraseriShe Balsam, Fraser fir, Southern Balsam FirTree15.0 4-7 FLMHFSNM130
Abies grandisGrand Fir, Giant Fir, Lowland White FirTree75.0 5-6 FLMHFSNM22 
Abies homolepisNikko FirTree36.0 4-7 MLMHFSNM00 
Abies lasiocarpaSubalpine Fir, Alpine FirTree25.0 5-6 SLMHFSNM22 
Abies magnificaCalifornian Red Fir, Shasta red firTree60.0 4-8 MLMHFSNM00 
Abies mariesii Tree20.0 5-9 SLMHFSNM00 
Abies nordmannianaCaucasian Fir, Christmas Tree Fir, NordmannTree50.0 4-6 MLMHFSNM00 
Abies pindrowWest Himalayan FirTree30.0 5-7 SLMHFSNM00 
Abies proceraNoble FirTree60.0 5-6 MLMHFSNM01 
Abies recurvata Tree35.0 5-9 MLMHFSNM00 
Abies religiosaSacred FirTree40.0 7-10 FLMHFSNM01 
Abies sachalinensisSakhalin FirTree30.0 3-6 SLMHFSNM00 
Abies sibiricaSiberian FirTree30.0 -  LMHFSNM01 
Abies spectabilisHimalayan FirTree30.0 6-9 SLMHFSNM02 
Abies squamataFlaky FirTree30.0 5-9 SLMHFSNDM00 
Abies veitchiiVeitch Fir, ChristmastreeTree25.0 3-7 FLMHFSNM00 
Abies veitchii sikokiana Tree30.0 3-7  LMHFSNM00 
Picea abiesNorway SpruceTree30.0 2-7 FLMHNMWe214

Growth: S = slow M = medium F = fast. Soil: L = light (sandy) M = medium H = heavy (clay). pH: A = acid N = neutral B = basic (alkaline). Shade: F = full shade S = semi-shade N = no shade. Moisture: D = dry M = Moist We = wet Wa = water.

 

Print Friendly and PDF

Expert comment

Author

Botanical References

Links / References

For a list of references used on this page please go here

Readers comment

QR Code

What's this?

This is a QR code (short for Quick Response) which gives fast-track access to our website pages. QR Codes are barcodes that can be read by mobile phone (smartphone) cameras. This QR Code is unique to this page. All plant pages have their own unique code. For more information about QR Codes click here.

1. Copy and print the QR code to a plant label, poster, book, website, magazines, newspaper etc and even t-shirts.

2. Smartphone users scan the QR Code which automatically takes them to the webpage the QR Code came from.

3. Smartphone users quickly have information on a plant directly for the pfaf.org website on their phone.

Add a comment

If you have important information about this plant that may help other users please add a comment or link below. Only comments or links that are felt to be directly relevant to a plant will be included. If you think a comment/link or information contained on this page is inaccurate or misleading we would welcome your feedback at admin@pfaf.org. If you have questions about a plant please use the Forum on this website as we do not have the resources to answer questions ourselves.

* Please note: the comments by website users are not necessarily those held by PFAF and may give misleading or inaccurate information.

To leave a comment please Register or login here All comments need to be approved so will not appear immediately.

Label  
© 2010, Plants For A Future. Plants For A Future is a charitable company limited by guarantee, registered in England and Wales. Charity No. 1057719, Company No. 3204567. This work is licensed under a Creative Commons License. Some information cannot be used for commercial reasons or be modified (but some can). Please view the copyright link for more information.
Web Design & Management