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Zanthoxylum nitidum - (Lam.)DC.

Common Name
Family Rutaceae
USDA hardiness Coming soon
Known Hazards Plants are slightly toxic[147].
Habitats Shrubby thickets[147].
Range E. Asia - China.
Edibility Rating    (0 of 5)
Other Uses    (0 of 5)
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating    (2 of 5)
Care
Moist Soil Semi-shade Full sun
Zanthoxylum nitidum


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Zanthoxylum nitidum

 

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Summary


Physical Characteristics

 
Zanthoxylum nitidum is an evergreen Climber. It is in leaf all year. The species is dioecious (individual flowers are either male or female, but only one sex is to be found on any one plant so both male and female plants must be grown if seed is required). . The plant is not self-fertile.
Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and prefers well-drained soil. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade. It prefers moist soil.

UK Hardiness Map US Hardiness Map

Synonyms

Habitats

Woodland Garden Sunny Edge; Dappled Shade; Shady Edge;

Edible Uses

None known

Medicinal Uses

Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.
Anodyne  Antiphlogistic  Antirheumatic  Carminative  Depurative  Stimulant  Tonic

The root is anodyne, antiphlogistic, carminative, depurative[147, 218]. The plant is analgesic and antirheumatic[218]. The resin contained in the bark, and especially in that of the roots, is powerfully stimulant and tonic[82].

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Other Uses

Insecticide

The plant is used as an insecticide, it is also toxic to fish[218].

Special Uses

Cultivation details

We have very little information on this species and do not know if it will be hardy in Britain, though judging by its native range it should succeed outdoors at least in the milder areas of the country. The following notes are based on the general needs of the genus. Prefers a good deep well-drained moisture retentive soil in full sun or semi-shade[1, 11, 200]. Dioecious. Male and female plants must be grown if seed is required. Flowers are formed on the old wood[206].

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Plants For A Future have a number of books available in paperback and digital form. Book titles include Edible Plants, Edible Perennials, Edible Trees, and Woodland Gardening. Our new book to be released soon is Edible Shrubs.

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Propagation

Seed - best sown in a greenhouse as soon as it is ripe in the autumn. Stored seed may requires up to 3 months cold stratification, though scarification may also help[113]. Sow stored seed in a cold frame as early in the year as possible. Germination should take place in late spring, though it might take another 12 months. Prick out the seedlings into individual pots when they are large enough to handle and grow them on in a cold frame for their first winter. Plant them out in early summer. Cuttings of half-ripe wood, July/August in a frame. Root cuttings, 3cm long, planted horizontally in pots in a greenhouse. Good percentage[78]. Suckers, removed in late winter and planted into their permanent positions[113].

Other Names

If available other names are mentioned here

Found In

Countries where the plant has been found are listed here if the information is available

Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status :

Related Plants
Latin NameCommon NameHabitHeightHardinessGrowthSoilShadeMoistureEdibleMedicinalOther
Zanthoxylum ailanthoides Tree18.0 8-11  LMHSNM21 
Zanthoxylum alatumWinged Prickly AshShrub4.0 5-9  LMHSNM323
Zanthoxylum americanumPrickly Ash - Northern, Common pricklyash, Northern Prickly AshShrub4.0 3-7 MLMHSNM232
Zanthoxylum beecheyanum Shrub0.8 -  LMHSNM21 
Zanthoxylum bungeanum Shrub6.0 -  LMHSNM23 
Zanthoxylum clava-herculisHercules Club. Prickly Ash - Southern, Hercules' club, Southern Prickly AshShrub3.0 7-11 MLMHSNM23 
Zanthoxylum coreanum Shrub0.0 -  LMHSNM11 
Zanthoxylum piperitumJapanese Pepper TreeShrub2.0 5-9  LMHSNM321
Zanthoxylum planispinumWinged Prickly AshShrub3.5 5-9  LMHSNM32 
Zanthoxylum schinifoliumPeppertreeShrub4.0 5-9  LMHSNM220
Zanthoxylum simulansSzechuan Pepper, Chinese-pepper, Prickly AshShrub4.0 5-8 MLMHFSNM320

 

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(Lam.)DC.

Botanical References

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