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Zanthoxylum alatum - Roxb.

Common Name Winged Prickly Ash
Family Rutaceae
USDA hardiness 5-9
Known Hazards None known
Habitats Forest undergrowth and hot valleys to 1800 metres in the Himalayas.
Range E. Asia - China to the Himalayas.
Edibility Rating  
Other Uses  
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating  
Care
Fully Hardy Moist Soil Semi-shade Full sun
Zanthoxylum alatum Winged Prickly Ash


commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/User:Cillas
Zanthoxylum alatum Winged Prickly Ash
commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/User:Cillas

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Summary

UPDATE 10/10/2011: Zanthoxylum alatum Roxb. is a synonym of Zanthoxylum armatum var. armatum


Physical Characteristics

 icon of manicon of shrub
Zanthoxylum alatum is a deciduous Shrub growing to 4 m (13ft 1in).
It is hardy to zone (UK) 6. The species is dioecious (individual flowers are either male or female, but only one sex is to be found on any one plant so both male and female plants must be grown if seed is required). The plant is not self-fertile.
Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and prefers well-drained soil. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade. It prefers moist soil.

Synonyms

Z. armatum.

Habitats

Dappled Shade;  Sunny Edge;  Woodland Garden.

Forest undergrowth and hot valleys to 1800 metres in the Himalayas.

Edible Uses

Edible Parts:
Edible Uses: Condiment.

The seed is ground into a powder and used as a condiment[183]. A pepper substitute, it is widely used in the Orient[105, 132, 158, 183]. A light roasting brings out more of the flavour[206]. The seed is an ingredient of the famous Chinese 'five spice' mixture[206]. The fruit is rather small but is produced in clusters which makes harvesting easy[K]. Each fruit contains a single seed. Young leaves are used as a condiment[105, 158, 183].

Medicinal Uses



Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.

Miscellany;  Odontalgic;  Stimulant;  Stomachic;  Tonic.

The seeds and the bark are used as an aromatic tonic in the treatment of fevers, dyspepsia and cholera[240]. The fruits, branches and thorns are considered to be carminative and stomachic[46, 61, 146, 158, 240]. They are used as a remedy for toothache[240].

Other Uses

Miscellany;  Teeth;  Wood.

The fruit contains 1.5% essential oil[240]. The fruit is used to purify water[146, 158]. Toothbrushes are made from the branches[146, 158]. Wood - heavy, hard, close grained. Used for walking sticks[146, 158].

Cultivation details

Prefers a good deep well-drained moisture retentive soil in full sun or semi-shade[1, 11, 200]. This species is closely related to Z. planispinum[200]. Flowers are formed on the old wood[206]. Dioecious. Male and female plants must be grown if seed is required.

Propagation

Seed - best sown in a greenhouse as soon as it is ripe in the autumn. Stored seed may requires up to 3 months cold stratification, though scarification may also help[113]. Sow stored seed in a cold frame as early in the year as possible. Germination should take place in late spring, though it might take another 12 months. Prick out the seedlings into individual pots when they are large enough to handle and grow them on in a cold frame for their first winter. Plant them out in early summer. Cuttings of half-ripe wood, July/August in a frame. Root cuttings, 3cm long, planted horizontally in pots in a greenhouse. Good percentage[78]. Suckers, removed in late winter and planted into their permanent positions[113].

Other Names

If available other names are mentioned here

Found In

Countries where the plant has been found are listed here if the information is available

Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status :

Related Plants
Latin NameCommon NameEdibility RatingMedicinal Rating
Zanthoxylum ailanthoides 21
Zanthoxylum americanumPrickly Ash - Northern, Common pricklyash, Northern Prickly Ash23
Zanthoxylum beecheyanum 21
Zanthoxylum bungeanum 23
Zanthoxylum clava-herculisHercules Club. Prickly Ash - Southern, Hercules' club, Southern Prickly Ash23
Zanthoxylum coreanum 11
Zanthoxylum nitidum 02
Zanthoxylum piperitumJapanese Pepper Tree32
Zanthoxylum planispinumWinged Prickly Ash32
Zanthoxylum schinifolium 22
Zanthoxylum simulansSzechuan Pepper, Chinese-pepper, Prickly Ash32

 

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Author

Roxb.

Botanical References

200

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Subject : Zanthoxylum alatum  
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