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Zanthoxylum ailanthoides - Siebold.&Zucc.

Common Name
Family Rutaceae
USDA hardiness 8-11
Known Hazards None known
Habitats Mountains, C. and S. Japan[58].
Range E. Asia - S. China, Japan.
Edibility Rating  
Other Uses  
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating  
Care
Half Hardy Moist Soil Semi-shade Full sun
Zanthoxylum ailanthoides


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Zanthoxylum ailanthoides
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Summary


Physical Characteristics

 icon of manicon of lolypop
Zanthoxylum ailanthoides is a deciduous Tree growing to 18 m (59ft 1in).
It is hardy to zone (UK) 9. The species is dioecious (individual flowers are either male or female, but only one sex is to be found on any one plant so both male and female plants must be grown if seed is required). The plant is not self-fertile.
Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and prefers well-drained soil. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade. It prefers moist soil.

Synonyms

Habitats

Canopy;  Secondary;  Sunny Edge;  Woodland Garden.

Mountains, C. and S. Japan[58].

Edible Uses

Edible Parts: Leaves.
Edible Uses: Condiment.

Seed - cooked. A pungent flavour, it is used as a condiment[178]. A red pepper substitute[178]. The fruit is rather small but is produced in clusters which makes harvesting easy[K]. Each fruit contains a single seed. Young leaves[105]. No more details are given.

Medicinal Uses



Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.

Antitussive;  Carminative;  Stimulant.

The resin contained in the bark, and especially in that of the roots, is antitussive, carminative, and powerfully stimulant[82, 178].

Other Uses

None known

Cultivation details

Prefers a good deep well-drained moisture retentive soil in full sun or semi-shade[1, 11, 200]. A rather frost-tender species, it is not hardy in most of Britain[182, 200] but succeeds outdoors in the mildest areas of the country[1]. Flowers are formed on the old wood[206]. Dioecious. Male and female plants must be grown if seed is required.

Propagation

Seed - best sown in a greenhouse as soon as it is ripe in the autumn. Stored seed may requires up to 3 months cold stratification, though scarification may also help[113]. Sow stored seed in a cold frame as early in the year as possible. Germination should take place in late spring, though it might take another 12 months. Prick out the seedlings into individual pots when they are large enough to handle and grow them on in a cold frame for their first winter. Plant them out in early summer. Cuttings of half-ripe wood, July/August in a frame. Root cuttings, 3cm long, planted horizontally in pots in a greenhouse. Good percentage[78]. Suckers, removed in late winter and planted into their permanent positions[113].

Other Names

If available other names are mentioned here

Found In

Countries where the plant has been found are listed here if the information is available

Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status :

Related Plants
Latin NameCommon NameEdibility RatingMedicinal Rating
Zanthoxylum alatumWinged Prickly Ash32
Zanthoxylum americanumPrickly Ash - Northern, Common pricklyash, Northern Prickly Ash23
Zanthoxylum beecheyanum 21
Zanthoxylum bungeanum 23
Zanthoxylum clava-herculisHercules Club. Prickly Ash - Southern, Hercules' club, Southern Prickly Ash23
Zanthoxylum coreanum 11
Zanthoxylum nitidum 02
Zanthoxylum piperitumJapanese Pepper Tree32
Zanthoxylum planispinumWinged Prickly Ash32
Zanthoxylum schinifolium 22
Zanthoxylum simulansSzechuan Pepper, Chinese-pepper, Prickly Ash32

 

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Expert comment

Author

Siebold.&Zucc.

Botanical References

58200

Links / References

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Subject : Zanthoxylum ailanthoides  
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