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Xanthostemon verus - (Roxb.) Peter G.Wilson

Common Name Iron Wood
Family Myrtaceae
USDA hardiness 10-12
Known Hazards None known
Habitats Rainforests.
Range Southeast Asia - Indonesia.
Edibility Rating    (0 of 5)
Other Uses    (4 of 5)
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating    (0 of 5)
Care (info)
Tender Moist Soil Full sun
Xanthostemon verus Iron Wood


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Xanthostemon verus Iron Wood
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Summary

Xanthostemon verus or commonly known as Iron Wood is a large, evergreen tree that can be found in Southeast Asia specifically in Indonesia. No plant part is edible or of medicinal importance. The wood is very hard, very heavy, highly durable, and resistant to marine borers. Its hardness makes it very difficult to work. It is suitable for making rudders, parts of anchors, building bridges, house construction, etc.


Physical Characteristics

 icon of manicon of cone
Xanthostemon verus is an evergreen Tree growing to 10 m (32ft) by 10 m (32ft) at a medium rate.
It is hardy to zone (UK) 10.
Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and prefers well-drained soil. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It cannot grow in the shade. It prefers moist soil.

UK Hardiness Map US Hardiness Map

Synonyms

Eugenia amboinensis Nois. ex Link Metrosideros pictipetala Blanco Metrosideros suberosa Roxb. Metros

Habitats

Edible Uses

None known

References

Medicinal Uses

Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.


None known

References

Now available: PLANTS FOR YOUR FOOD FOREST: 500 Plants for Temperate Food Forests and Permaculture Gardens.

An important new book from PFAF. It focuses on the attributes of plants suitable for food forests, what each can contribute to a food forest ecosystem, including carbon sequestration, and the kinds of foods they yield. The book suggests that community and small-scale food forests can provide a real alternative to intensive industrialised agriculture, and help to combat the many inter-related environmental crises that threaten the very future of life on Earth.

Read More

FOOD FOREST PLANTS

Other Uses

Other Uses The dark reddish-brown wood is very hard; very heavy; durable; resistant to the weather, soil and water, marine borers etc[46 , 467 ]. Its hardness makes it very difficult to work[467 ]. It is used for making rudders, parts of anchors etc[46 ]. It is used for building bridges, house construction etc[467 ]. The wood is too hard for general building purposes[46 ].

Special Uses

References

Cultivation details

Not known

References

Temperature Converter

Type a value in the Celsius field to convert the value to Fahrenheit:

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The PFAF Bookshop

Plants For A Future have a number of books available in paperback and digital form. Book titles include Edible Plants, Edible Perennials, Edible Trees, and Woodland Gardening. Our new book to be released soon is Edible Shrubs.

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Propagation

Seed -

Other Names

If available other names are mentioned here

Found In

Countries where the plant has been found are listed here if the information is available

Indonesia

Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status : This taxon has not yet been assessed

Related Plants
Latin NameCommon NameHabitHeightHardinessGrowthSoilShadeMoistureEdibleMedicinalOther
Xanthostemon verdugonianusMangkonoTree30.0 10-12 SLMHNM004

Growth: S = slow M = medium F = fast. Soil: L = light (sandy) M = medium H = heavy (clay). pH: A = acid N = neutral B = basic (alkaline). Shade: F = full shade S = semi-shade N = no shade. Moisture: D = dry M = Moist We = wet Wa = water.

 

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Author

(Roxb.) Peter G.Wilson

Botanical References

Links / References

For a list of references used on this page please go here
A special thanks to Ken Fern for some of the information used on this page.

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