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Vitis cordifolia - Michx.

Common Name Frost Grape
Family Vitaceae
USDA hardiness 4-8
Known Hazards None known
Habitats River banks, bottom lands and rich thickets[43].
Range Southern and Eastern N. America - New York to Florida. Locally naturalized in Europe[50].
Edibility Rating    (2 of 5)
Other Uses    (0 of 5)
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating    (0 of 5)
Care
Fully Hardy Well drained soil Moist Soil Semi-shade Full sun
Vitis cordifolia Frost Grape


Vitis cordifolia Frost Grape

 

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Summary


Physical Characteristics

 icon of manicon of climber
Vitis cordifolia is a deciduous Climber growing to 20 m (65ft 7in) at a fast rate.
It is hardy to zone (UK) 5 and is not frost tender. It is in flower from May to June, and the seeds ripen from September to October. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Insects.
Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and prefers well-drained soil. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade. It prefers dry or moist soil.

UK Hardiness Map US Hardiness Map

Synonyms

V. vulpina. pro parte.

Habitats

Woodland Garden Sunny Edge; Dappled Shade;

Edible Uses

Edible Parts: Fruit  Leaves
Edible Uses: Tea

Fruit - raw, cooked or dried for winter use[1, 2, 161]. They are said to be unpalatable until they have been touched by frost[1, 11, 43, 182, 200]. A spicy flavour[177]. Quite tasty[219]. The fruit is about 8 - 12mm in diameter[200] and is produced in fairly large bunches[235]. Leaves - cooked[55]. Young leaves are wrapped around other foods and then baked, they impart a pleasant flavour. Young tendrils - raw or cooked[55, 85]. The twigs are a tea substitute[161].

Medicinal Uses

Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.


None known

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Other Uses

Dye

A yellow dye is obtained from the fresh or dried leaves[168].

Special Uses

Scented Plants

Cultivation details

Prefers a deep rich moist well-drained moderately fertile loam[1, 200]. Grows best in a calcareous soil[200], doing well when lime rubble is incorporated into the soil[245]. Succeeds in sun or partial shade though a warm sunny position is required for the fruit to ripen[200]. The young growth in spring can be damaged by late frosts. A very vigorous plant[200], climbing by means of tendrils[182]. It grows particularly well into elm trees[18]. The flowers are sweetly scented[245]. Any pruning should be carried out in winter when the plants are dormant otherwise they bleed profusely[182, 200]. This species is often confused with V. vulpina[182]. Plants in this genus are notably susceptible to honey fungus[200].

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Plants For A Future have a number of books available in paperback and digital form. Book titles include Edible Plants, Edible Perennials, Edible Trees, and Woodland Gardening. Our new book to be released soon is Edible Shrubs.

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Propagation

Seed - best sown in a cold frame as soon as it is ripe[K]. Six weeks cold stratification improves the germination rate, and so stored seed is best sown in a cold frame as soon as it is obtained. Germination should take place in the first spring, but sometimes takes another 12 months. Prick out the seedlings into individual pots when they are large enough to handle and grow them on in a cold frame for their first winter. Plant out in early summer. Cuttings of mature wood of the current seasons growth, December/January in a frame. These cuttings can be of wood 15 - 30cm long or they can be of short sections of the stem about 5cm long with just one bud at the top of the section. In this case a thin, narrow strip of the bark about 3cm long is removed from the bottom half of the side of the stem. This will encourage callusing and the formation of roots. Due to the size of these cuttings they need to be kept in a more protected environment than the longer cuttings. Layering.

Other Names

If available other names are mentioned here

Found In

Countries where the plant has been found are listed here if the information is available

Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status :

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Vitis amurensisAmur River Grape, Amur grapeClimber15.0 4-8 MLMHSNDM21 
Vitis arizonicaCanyon GrapeClimber5.0 5-9  LMHSNDM20 
Vitis baileyanaGraybark GrapeClimber10.0 5-9  LMHSNDM20 
Vitis belaiiGrapeClimber0.0 -  LMHSNDM40 
Vitis berlandieriSpanish GrapeClimber10.0 6-9  LMHSNDM30 
Vitis californicaCalifornia Grape, California wild grapeClimber9.0 6-9 MLMHSNDM20 
Vitis cinereaSweet Winter Grape, Graybark grape, Florida grape, Heller's grapeClimber0.0 4-8  LMHSNDM30 
Vitis cinerea floridanaCurrant GrapeClimber0.0 4-8  LMHSNDM30 
Vitis coignetiaeCrimson Glory VineClimber20.0 4-8 FLMHSNDM20 
Vitis davidiiSpiny VitisClimber15.0 6-9  LMHSNDM20 
Vitis flexuosa Climber8.0 5-9  LMHSNDM21 
Vitis girdianaValley Grape, Desert wild grapeClimber12.0 7-10  LMHSNDM20 
Vitis labruscaNorthern Fox Grape, Fox grapeClimber15.0 6-9 FLMHSNDM312
Vitis labruscana Climber15.0 4-8  LMHSNDM30 
Vitis lanataGrapeClimber0.0 8-11  LMHSNDM31 
Vitis monticolaSweet Mountain GrapeClimber10.0 5-9  LMHSNDM30 
Vitis munsonianaBird Grape, Munson's grapeClimber0.0 0-0  LMHSNDM30 
Vitis mustangensisMustang GrapeClimber10.0 4-8  LMHSNDM30 
Vitis palmataRed Grape, Catbird grapeClimber20.0 4-8  LMHSNDM20 
Vitis parvifolia Climber0.0 6-9  LMHSNDM21 
Vitis ripariaRiverbank GrapeClimber15.0 0-0 FLMHSNDM302
Vitis romanetii Climber10.0 5-9  LMHNDM20 
Vitis rotundifoliaMuscadine Grape, Muscadine, Southern Fox Grape, Scuppernong, Muscadine GrapeClimber25.0 5-9 FLMHSNDM401
Vitis rupestrisSand GrapeClimber2.0 -  LMHSNDM30 
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Author

Michx.

Botanical References

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Subject : Vitis cordifolia  
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