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Vitis amurensis - Rupr.

Common Name Amur River Grape, Amur grape
Family Vitaceae
USDA hardiness 4-8
Known Hazards None known
Habitats Rich damp woodland soils[200].
Range E. Asia - C. and N. Korea.
Edibility Rating    (2 of 5)
Other Uses    (0 of 5)
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating    (1 of 5)
Care
Fully Hardy Well drained soil Moist Soil Semi-shade Full sun
Vitis amurensis Amur River Grape, Amur grape


commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/User:Doronenko
Vitis amurensis Amur River Grape, Amur grape

 

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Summary


Physical Characteristics

 icon of manicon of climber
Vitis amurensis is a deciduous Climber growing to 15 m (49ft 3in) at a medium rate.
It is hardy to zone (UK) 4. It is in flower from May to July, and the seeds ripen from September to October. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Insects.
Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and prefers well-drained soil. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade. It prefers dry or moist soil.

Synonyms

Habitats

Woodland Garden Sunny Edge; Dappled Shade;

Edible Uses

Edible Parts: Fruit;  Leaves.
Edible Uses:

Fruit - raw, cooked or dried for winter use[183]. It can also be made into drinks[177]. The fruit is much esteemed[151]. Small and somewhat harsh in flavour[151], it is succulent but usually bitter[200]. The fruit is about 16mm long and 10mm wide[200]. Young leaves - cooked[179]. Used as a boiled vegetable[183]. The leaves can also be wrapped around other foods and then baked, they impart a pleasant flavour. Young tendrils - raw or cooked.

Medicinal Uses



Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.

Tonic.

The root is tonic[218].

Other Uses

Dye.

A yellow dye is obtained from the fresh or dried leaves[168].

Cultivation details

Prefers a deep rich moist well-drained moderately fertile loam[1, 200]. Grows best in a calcareous soil[200]. Succeeds in sun or partial shade though a warm sunny position is required for the fruit to ripen[200]. Very hardy, tolerating temperatures down to about -40°c, this species is a potential source of hardiness in a breeding programme with the common grape, Vitis vinifera[183]. Plants climb by means of tendrils[182]. Any pruning should be carried out in winter when the plants are dormant otherwise they bleed profusely[182]. Plants in this genus are notably susceptible to honey fungus[200].

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Propagation

Seed - best sown in a cold frame as soon as it is ripe[K]. Six weeks cold stratification improves the germination rate, and so stored seed is best sown in a cold frame as soon as it is obtained. Germination should take place in the first spring, but sometimes takes another 12 months. Prick out the seedlings into individual pots when they are large enough to handle and grow them on in a cold frame for their first winter. Plant out in early summer. Cuttings of mature wood of the current seasons growth, December/January in a frame. These cuttings can be of wood 15 - 30cm long or they can be of short sections of the stem about 5cm long with just one bud at the top of the section. In this case a thin, narrow strip of the bark about 3cm long is removed from the bottom half of the side of the stem. This will encourage callusing and the formation of roots. Due to the size of these cuttings they need to be kept in a more protected environment than the longer cuttings. Layering.

Other Names

If available other names are mentioned here

Found In

Countries where the plant has been found are listed here if the information is available

Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status :

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Vitis labruscana 30
Vitis lanataGrape31
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Author

Rupr.

Botanical References

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