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Vicia faba major - Harz.

Common Name Broad Bean, Fava Bean
Family Fabaceae or Leguminosae
USDA hardiness 4-10
Known Hazards Although often used as an edible seed, there are reports that eating the seed of this plant can cause the disease 'Favism' in susceptible people[7, 76]. Inhaling the pollen can also cause the disease[7, 218]. Favism, which is a severe haemolytic anaemia due to an inherited enzymatic deficiency[218], only occurs in cases of excessive consumption of the raw seed (no more details are given[K]) and when the person is genetically inclined towards the disease[7, 213]. About 1% of Caucasians and 15% of Negroids are susceptible to the disease[218].
Habitats Not known in a truly wild situation.
Range Long cultivated for its seed, the original habitat is obscure.
Edibility Rating    (4 of 5)
Other Uses    (3 of 5)
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating    (1 of 5)
Care (info)
Fully Hardy Moist Soil Semi-shade Full sun
Vicia faba major Broad Bean, Fava Bean


Vicia faba major Broad Bean, Fava Bean
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Summary


Physical Characteristics

 icon of manicon of flower
Vicia faba major is a ANNUAL growing to 1 m (3ft 3in) at a fast rate.
It is hardy to zone (UK) 5 and is not frost tender. It is in flower from May to August, and the seeds ripen from July to September. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Bees. The plant is self-fertile.
It can fix Nitrogen.
Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils, prefers well-drained soil and can grow in heavy clay soil. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade. It prefers moist soil and can tolerate drought. The plant can tolerates strong winds but not maritime exposure.

UK Hardiness Map US Hardiness Map

Synonyms

Habitats

 Cultivated Beds;

Edible Uses

Edible Parts: Leaves  Seed
Edible Uses:

Immature seed - raw or cooked. Broad bean seeds are very nutritious and are frequently used as items of food. The seeds can be eaten raw when they are small and tender, as they grow older they can be cooked as a vegetable[2 , 7 , 16 , 132 , 183 ]. They have a very pleasant floury taste[K ]. There are some potential problems to the use of these seeds if they are consumed in large quantities[7 ] - see the notes above on toxicity. Mature seeds can be eaten cooked as a vegetable or added to soups etc[2 , 7 , 16 , 183 ]. They are best soaked for 12 - 24 hours prior to cooking in order to soften them and reduce the cooking time[K ]. They will also become more nutritious this way[K ]. The flavour is mild and pleasant with a floury texture[K ]. They can also be dried and ground into a flour for use in making bread etc with cereal flours[183 ]. The seed can also be fermented to make tempeh'[183 ]. Made into a paste, they can be used as a sandwich filling[299 ]. The seed can be sprouted before being cooked[183 ]. Popped seeds can be salted and eaten as a snack or roasted like peanuts[183 ]. Young pods - cooked and eaten as a vegetable[183 ]. They quickly become fibrous as they grow larger[183 ], and also develop a hairy coating inside the pods that can become unpleasant as the pods get larger[K ]. Young leaves - cooked. They are very nutritious and can be used like spinach[105 , 183 ].

References

Medicinal Uses

Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.
Diuretic

The seedpods are diuretic and lithontripic[7].

References

Now available: PLANTS FOR YOUR FOOD FOREST: 500 Plants for Temperate Food Forests and Permaculture Gardens.

An important new book from PFAF. It focuses on the attributes of plants suitable for food forests, what each can contribute to a food forest ecosystem, including carbon sequestration, and the kinds of foods they yield. The book suggests that community and small-scale food forests can provide a real alternative to intensive industrialised agriculture, and help to combat the many inter-related environmental crises that threaten the very future of life on Earth.

Read More

FOOD FOREST PLANTS

Other Uses

Fibre  Soap making

Agroforestry Uses: The stems and leaves are sometimes used as a green manure[299 ]. Broad beans grow well with carrots, cauliflowers, beet, cucumber, cabbages, leeks, celeriac, corn and potatoes, but is inhibited by onions, garlic and shallots[18 , 20 ]. Other Uses: A fibre is obtained from the stems. The burnt stems are rich in potassium and can be used in making soap. The dried stems can be burnt as a fuel[299 ].

Special Uses

Dynamic accumulator  Nitrogen Fixer

References

Cultivation details

Broad beans originated in warm temperate areas and can be cultivated from the cold temperate zone to the subtropics, and also at higher elevations from 1,300 - 3,800 metres in the tropics. It may flower well in the lowland tropics, but usually does not produce pods[299 ]. The ideal temperature range in the growing season is between 18 - 27°c, at higher temperatures the flowers are often aborted[200 ]. The plant requires an annual rainfall of 700 - 1,000mm, of which more than 60% should occur during the growing period[299 ]. Prefers a fairly heavy loam but succeeds in a sunny position in most soils that are well-drained[1 , 200 ]. Grows well in heavy clay soils. Dislikes dry conditions according to some reports[87 , 200 ], whilst another says that it is drought tolerant once established[132 ]. Prefers a pH in the range 5.5 to 7[200 ]. There are two main forms of this species - small seeded forms that are more commonly grown for feeding livestock and as a green manure, and larger seeded forms that are usually grown for human food. Of the larger seeded forms there are two main types:- 'Longpod' beans are the more hardy and can be sown in the autumn in cool temperate areas. 'Windsor' beans, which are considered to be finer flavoured, are less tolerant of the cold and so are best sown in spring[132 ]. Autumn sown varieties are more susceptible to 'chocolate spot' fungus, this problem can be alleviated by the addition of potash to the soil[87 ]. Black fly can be a major problem. Autumn sown crops are less likely to be affected. Pinching out the soft tips of the plants, one they are tall enough and are beginning to flower, can reduce the problem since the blackfly always start on the soft shoots and then spread to the older stems. This species has a symbiotic relationship with certain soil bacteria, these bacteria form nodules on the roots and fix atmospheric nitrogen. Some of this nitrogen is utilized by the growing plant but some can also be used by other plants growing nearby[200 ]. When removing plant remains at the end of the growing season, it is best to only remove the aerial parts of the plant, leaving the roots in the ground to decay and release their nitrogen.

References

Temperature Converter

Type a value in the Celsius field to convert the value to Fahrenheit:

Fahrenheit:

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Propagation

Pre-soak the seed for 24 hours in warm water and then sow in situ in succession from late winter until early summer. Germination should take place in about 7 - 10 days. The earlier sowings should be of suitably hardy varieties such as the 'Longpods' whilst later sowings can be of the tastier varieties such as the 'Windsors'. By making fresh sowings every 3 weeks you will have a continuous supply of fresh young seeds from early summer until early autumn. If you want to grow the beans to maturity then the seed needs to be sown by the middle of spring. You may need to protect the seed from the ravages of mice. Another sowing can be made in middle to late autumn. This has to be timed according to the area where the plants are being grown. The idea is that the plants will make some growth in the autumn and be perhaps 15 - 20cm tall by the time the colder part of winter sets in. As long as the winter is not too severe, the plants should stand well and will grow away rapidly in the spring to produce an earlier crop. The plants will also be less likely to be attacked by blackfly. Make sure you choose a suitably hardy variety for this sowing.

Other Names

If available other names are mentioned here

Broad bean, Fava bean, or faba bean. Varieties with smaller, harder seeds that are fed to horses or other animals are called field bean, tic bean or tick bean. Horse bean.

Found In

Countries where the plant has been found are listed here if the information is available

Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status :

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Growth: S = slow M = medium F = fast. Soil: L = light (sandy) M = medium H = heavy (clay). pH: A = acid N = neutral B = basic (alkaline). Shade: F = full shade S = semi-shade N = no shade. Moisture: D = dry M = Moist We = wet Wa = water.

 

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Expert comment

Vicia faba major

Administrator .

Mar 15 2011 12:00AM

In Québec, Canada, we use vicia faba as a green manure crop, for it's nitrogen fixing capabilities, and for food (cooked). Wen - permafroid.blogspot.com

Author

Harz.

Botanical References

17100

Links / References

For a list of references used on this page please go here

Readers comment

S.Nagiah   Wed Mar 16 06:55:37 2005

Tender seeds of this plant were distributed by an NGO to Tsunami refugees in the Eastern Sri Lanka (Kalmunai)without processing instructions. About 120 of them who have consumed this beans raw had mild attack of diarrhea and were hospitalized overnight, recovered on the following day.Others who consumed them after boiling did not suffer any ill effects.

   Tue Feb 6 2007

These are very popular in Egypt

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