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Vicia cracca - L.

Common Name Tufted Vetch, Bird vetch, Cow vetch
Family Fabaceae or Leguminosae
USDA hardiness 4-8
Known Hazards None known
Habitats Grassy and bushy places, avoiding acid soils[13, 17].
Range Northern Europe, including Britain, to Japan in northern Asia.
Edibility Rating    (1 of 5)
Other Uses    (0 of 5)
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating    (1 of 5)
Care
Fully Hardy Moist Soil Semi-shade Full sun
Vicia cracca Tufted Vetch, Bird vetch, Cow vetch


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Vicia cracca Tufted Vetch, Bird vetch, Cow vetch
commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Vicia_cracca_Sturm2.jpg

 

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Summary


Physical Characteristics

 icon of manicon of flower
Vicia cracca is a PERENNIAL CLIMBER growing to 1.8 m (6ft).
It is hardy to zone (UK) 5. It is in flower from May to August, and the seeds ripen from July to September. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Bees, flies. The plant is self-fertile.
It can fix Nitrogen.
Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and prefers well-drained soil. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade. It prefers moist soil.

Synonyms

Habitats

 Meadow; Hedgerow;

Edible Uses

Edible Parts: Leaves;  Seed.
Edible Uses: Tea.

Seed - cooked[2, 22, 105]. They are boiled or roasted[183]. Leaves and young stems - cooked[105]. Used as a potherb[183]. The leaves are a tea substitute[183].

Medicinal Uses



Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.

Galactogogue.

The cooked plant is used as a galactogogue[218].

Other Uses

Green manure.

Can be used as a green manure[46].

Cultivation details

Succeeds in any well-drained soil in a sunny position if the soil is reliably moist throughout the growing season, otherwise it is best grown in semi-shade[200]. This species has occasionally been cultivated as a food plant, but yields are too low to make it very worthwhile[2]. This species has a symbiotic relationship with certain soil bacteria, these bacteria form nodules on the roots and fix atmospheric nitrogen. Some of this nitrogen is utilized by the growing plant but some can also be used by other plants growing nearby[200].

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Propagation

Pre-soak the seed for 24 hours in warm water and then sow in situ in spring or autumn.

Other Names

If available other names are mentioned here

Found In

Countries where the plant has been found are listed here if the information is available

Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status :

Related Plants
Latin NameCommon NameEdibility RatingMedicinal Rating
Artemisia ludovicianaWhite Sage, Louisiana Sage, Prairie Sage, Western Mugwort22
Artemisia ludoviciana gnaphalodesWhite Sage02
Avena ludovicianaOats20
Lactuca ludovicianaWestern Wild Lettuce, Biannual lettuce22
Orobanche ludovicianaBroom Rape, Louisiana broomrape, Manyflower broomrape11
Vicia americanaAmerican Vetch, Mat vetch21
Vicia amoena 10
Vicia amurensis 10
Vicia articulataOne-Flower Vetch10
Vicia benghalensisPurple Vetch00
Vicia erviliaBitter Vetch10
Vicia faba equinaHorsebean30
Vicia faba majorBroad Bean41
Vicia faba minutaTick Bean30
Vicia giganteaGiant Vetch21
Vicia grandiflora kitaibelianalarge yellow vetch20
Vicia heptajuga 10
Vicia hirsutaHairy Tare, Tiny vetch20
Vicia hirticalycina 10
Vicia japonica 10
Vicia monanthaHard Vetch, Barn vetch20
Vicia narbonensisFrench Vetch, Purple broad vetch20
Vicia nipponica 10
Vicia noeana 10
Vicia pisiformisPea Vetch, Pale-flower vetch10
Vicia pseudo-orobus 10
Vicia sativaWinter Tares, Garden vetch, Subterranean vetch30
Vicia sativa leucospermaWinter Tares30
Vicia sepiumBush Vetch10
12

 

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Expert comment

Author

L.

Botanical References

17200

Links / References

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Readers comment

   Jun 4 2013 12:00AM

From my personal experience, raw unripe seeds have a pleasant, almond-like aroma.

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