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Vicia benghalensis - L.

Common Name Purple Vetch
Family Fabaceae or Leguminosae
USDA hardiness Coming soon
Known Hazards None known
Habitats Field margins, waste places etc in Britain[17].
Range S. Europe. N. Africa. Naturalized in Britain[17].
Edibility Rating    (0 of 5)
Other Uses    (0 of 5)
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating    (0 of 5)
Care (info)
Moist Soil Semi-shade Full sun
Vicia benghalensis Purple Vetch


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Vicia benghalensis Purple Vetch
commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/User:Xemenendura

 

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Summary


Physical Characteristics

 icon of manicon of flower
Vicia benghalensis is a ANNUAL/PERENNIAL growing to 0.6 m (2ft) at a fast rate.The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Insects. The plant is self-fertile.
It can fix Nitrogen.
Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and prefers well-drained soil. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade. It prefers moist soil.

UK Hardiness Map US Hardiness Map

Synonyms

V. atropurpurea. Desf. Cracca atropurpurea

Habitats

 Cultivated Beds;

Edible Uses

None known

References

Medicinal Uses

Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.


None known

References

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An important new book from PFAF. It focuses on the attributes of plants suitable for food forests, what each can contribute to a food forest ecosystem, including carbon sequestration, and the kinds of foods they yield. The book suggests that community and small-scale food forests can provide a real alternative to intensive industrialised agriculture, and help to combat the many inter-related environmental crises that threaten the very future of life on Earth.

Read More

FOOD FOREST PLANTS

Other Uses

Dye  Green manure

A good green manure plant, it is fairly fast growing, an effective weed suppresser, fixes nitrogen and makes a reasonable bulk[61, 87]. A turquoise-green dye is obtained from the flowers[168].

Special Uses

Nitrogen Fixer

References

Cultivation details

Succeeds in any well-drained soil in a sunny position if the soil is reliably moist throughout the growing season, otherwise it is best grown in semi-shade[200]. Closely related to V. villosa[17]. This species has a symbiotic relationship with certain soil bacteria, these bacteria form nodules on the roots and fix atmospheric nitrogen. Some of this nitrogen is utilized by the growing plant but some can also be used by other plants growing nearby[200].

References

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Propagation

Pre-soak the seed for 24 hours in warm water and then sow in situ in spring or autumn.

Other Names

If available other names are mentioned here

Found In

Countries where the plant has been found are listed here if the information is available

Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status :

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12

Growth: S = slow M = medium F = fast. Soil: L = light (sandy) M = medium H = heavy (clay). pH: A = acid N = neutral B = basic (alkaline). Shade: F = full shade S = semi-shade N = no shade. Moisture: D = dry M = Moist We = wet Wa = water.

 

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Expert comment

Author

L.

Botanical References

1750

Links / References

For a list of references used on this page please go here

Readers comment

Kiseve Stephen M.   Wed Nov 16 2005

I have grow this legume in kenya. I noted that it is attacked by ants especialy when the soil is not very wet and not too dry. Its a good weed suppresor. And I derive pleasure in its nice looking purple flowers!

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Subject : Vicia benghalensis  
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