Please donate to support our ‘Plants to Save the Planet’ Project. The Project is directed at enabling designers of ‘carbon farms’ and ‘food forests’: agroecosystems of perennial plants, to choose the most appropriate plants for their requirements and site conditions. We are working on a subset of plants in the PFAF database identified as having the most potential for inclusion in such designs. We are adding search terms and icons to those plants pages, and providing a range of search options aligned to categories of plants and crop yields, with Help facilities including videos. More >>>

Follow Us:

 

Viburnum trilobum - Marshall.

Common Name American Cranberry, Highbush Cranberry, Cranberrybush, American Cranberrybush Viburnum
Family Adoxaceae
USDA hardiness 2-7
Known Hazards Large quantities of the fruit can cause vomiting and diarrhoea[10, 65]. The fruit is of very low or zero toxicity, it only causes mild upsets when eaten unripe or in large quantities[65, 76].
Habitats Stream banks[62]. Low moist ground[235].
Range N. America - Newfoundland to British Columbia, New Jersey, Michigan, Iowa, South Dakota and Oregon.
Edibility Rating    (3 of 5)
Other Uses    (0 of 5)
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating    (1 of 5)
Care
Fully Hardy Moist Soil Semi-shade Full sun
Viburnum trilobum American Cranberry,  Highbush Cranberry, Cranberrybush,  American Cranberrybush  Viburnum


commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/User:KENPEI
Viburnum trilobum American Cranberry,  Highbush Cranberry, Cranberrybush,  American Cranberrybush  Viburnum
commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/User:KENPEI

 

Translate this page:

Summary

Bloom Color: White. Main Bloom Time: Late spring. Form: Rounded, Upright or erect.


Physical Characteristics

 icon of manicon of shrub
Viburnum trilobum is a deciduous Shrub growing to 3 m (9ft 10in) at a medium rate.
It is hardy to zone (UK) 2 and is not frost tender. It is in flower in June, and the seeds ripen from July to September. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Insects. The plant is self-fertile.
It is noted for attracting wildlife.
Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and can grow in heavy clay soil. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade. It prefers moist soil and can tolerate drought.

UK Hardiness Map US Hardiness Map

Synonyms

Viburnum opulus trilobum. V. opulus americanum. Ait.

Habitats

Woodland Garden Sunny Edge; Dappled Shade; Shady Edge;

Edible Uses

Edible Parts: Fruit
Edible Uses:

Fruit - raw or cooked[3, 11, 161, 257]. Juicy but acid, the taste is best after a frost[62, 101, 102]. The fruits are rich in vitamin C, they are an excellent substitute for cranberries and are used in preserves, jams etc[183]. A jam made from the fruit has a very pleasant flavour that goes well in a porridge[K]. The fruit is about 8mm in diameter and contains a single large seed[200].

Medicinal Uses

Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.
Emetic  Febrifuge  Laxative  Stomachic  Women's complaints

An infusion of the roots has been used in the treatment of prolapse of the uterus[257]. A decoction has been given to babies with fevers[257]. A decoction of the branches has been used to treat a fallen womb after birth[257]. The bark is laxative[257]. An infusion of the roots has been used to make a person vomit in the treatment of bad blood and fevers[257]. An infusion of the inner bark has been used to treat stomach cramps[257].

Our new book Edible Shrubs is now available.

Edible Shrubs provides detailed information, attractively presented, on over 70 shrub species. They have been selected to provide a mix of different plant sizes and growing conditions. Most provide delicious and nutritious fruit, but many also have edible leaves, seeds, flowers, stems or roots, or they yield edible or useful oil.

Read More

Edible Shrubs Book

Other Uses

None known

Special Uses

Attracts Wildlife  Food Forest

Cultivation details

Landscape Uses:Foundation, Massing, Screen, Specimen, Winter interest. An easily grown plant, it succeeds in most soils but is ill-adapted for poor soils and for dry situations[1]. It grows well in heavy clay soils. Established plants are drought tolerant[160]. Prefers a deep rich loamy soil in sun or semi-shade[11, 200]. Best if given shade from the early morning sun in spring[200]. This species is considered by some botanists to be no more than a superior fruiting form of V. opulus that was taken to America by early settlers[11]. Occasionally cultivated for its edible fruit, there are some named varieties[183]. The fruit is very attractive to birds[160]. Some reports say that this species is self-fertile[17, 200] whilst others say it is self-incompatible[11]. It is probably best to grow at least two different cultivars in order to produce fruit and fertile seed[11, 200]. Special Features: North American native, Attracts butterflies, Blooms are very showy. For polyculture design as well as the above-ground architecture (form - tree, shrub etc. and size shown above) information on the habit and root pattern is also useful and given here if available. The plant growth habit is multistemmed with multiple stems from the crown [1-2]. The root pattern is flat with shallow roots forming a plate near the soil surface [1-2].

Temperature Converter

Type a value in the Celsius field to convert the value to Fahrenheit:

Fahrenheit:

image

The PFAF Bookshop

Plants For A Future have a number of books available in paperback and digital form. Book titles include Edible Plants, Edible Perennials, Edible Trees, and Woodland Gardening. Our new book to be released soon is Edible Shrubs.

Shop Now

Propagation

Seed - best sown in a cold frame as soon as it is ripe. Germination can be slow, sometimes taking more than 18 months. If the seed is harvested 'green' (when it has fully developed but before it has fully ripened) and sown immediately in a cold frame, it should germinate in the spring[80]. Stored seed will require 2 months warm then 3 months cold stratification and can still take 18 months to germinate[113]. Prick out the seedlings into individual pots when they are large enough to handle and grow them on in a cold frame or greenhouse. Plant out into their permanent positions in late spring or early summer of the following year. Cuttings of soft-wood, early summer in a frame[200]. Pot up into individual pots once they start to root and plant them out in late spring or early summer of the following year. Cuttings of half-ripe wood, 5 - 8 cm long with a heel if possible, July/August in a frame[78, 113]. Plant them into individual pots as soon as they start to root. These cuttings can be difficult to overwinter, it is best to keep them in a greenhouse or cold frame until the following spring before planting them out[113]. Cuttings of mature wood, winter in a frame. They should root in early spring - pot them up when large enough to handle and plant them out in the summer if sufficient new growth is made, otherwise keep them in a cold frame for the next winter and then plant them out in the spring. Layering of current seasons growth in July/August. Takes 15 months[78].

Other Names

If available other names are mentioned here

Found In

Countries where the plant has been found are listed here if the information is available

Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status :

Related Plants
Latin NameCommon NameHabitHeightHardinessGrowthSoilShadeMoistureEdibleMedicinalOther
Viburnum betulifolium Shrub3.0 -  LMHSNM20 
Viburnum cassinoidesWithe Rod, Appalachian Tea, Witherod Viburnum, Witherod, Wild Raisin ViburnumShrub2.5 2-8 MLMHSNM310
Viburnum cordifoliumViburnumTree6.0 8-9 MLMHSNM10 
Viburnum corylifolium Shrub3.0 5-9  LMHSNM10 
Viburnum cotinifolium Shrub3.5 5-9  LMHSNM303
Viburnum cylindricum Shrub5.0 5-9  LMHSNM11 
Viburnum dentatumArrow Wood, Southern arrowwood, Southern Arrowwood ViburnumShrub4.5 2-8 FLMHSNM21 
Viburnum dilatatumLinden Viburnum, Linden arrowwoodShrub3.0 5-8 MLMHSNM312
Viburnum eduleMooseberry, SquashberryShrub2.5 4-8  LMHSNM313
Viburnum erosumViburnumShrub1.8 6-9 MLMHSNM20 
Viburnum erubescens Shrub5.0 5-9  LMHSNM21 
Viburnum erubescens gracilipes Shrub5.0 5-9  LMHSNM20 
Viburnum farreriCulver's root, Fragrant ViburnumShrub3.0 5-8 MLMHSNM300
Viburnum foetens Shrub3.0 5-9  LMHSNM303
Viburnum fordiae Shrub0.0 -  LMHSNM10 
Viburnum furcatum Shrub3.5 5-9  LMHSM10 
Viburnum grandiflorumCranberry bush,Shrub2.0 6-9  LMHSNM300
Viburnum japonicum Shrub1.8 6-9 SLMHSNM20 
Viburnum lantanaWayfaring Tree, Wayfaring Tree ViburnumShrub5.0 4-7 MLMHSNDM100
Viburnum lantanoidesHobbleberryShrub3.0 3-7  LMHFSNM310
Viburnum lentagoSheepberry, Nannyberry, Nannyberry ViburnumTree9.0 2-8 MLMHSNM410
Viburnum mongolicum Shrub2.0 4-8  LMHSNM10 
Viburnum mullaha Shrub3.0 8-11  LMHSNM21 
Viburnum nudumSmooth Withe Rod, Possumhaw, Withe-rod, Swamp Haw, Smooth Witherod, Possum Haw Viburnum, Possum HawShrub4.5 5-9 MLMHSNM31 
Viburnum odoratissimumSweet ViburnumShrub5.0 8-10 SLMHSNM10 
Viburnum opulusGuelder Rose, Cramp Bark, European cranberrybush, American cranberrybush, Crampbark, European HighbShrub5.0 3-8 MLMHSNMWe333
Viburnum phlebotrichum Shrub2.5 5-9  LMHSNM10 
Viburnum plicatumJapanese Snowball, Japanese Snowball Viburnum, Doublefile ViburnumShrub4.0 5-8 MLMHSNM10 
Viburnum prunifoliumStagberry, Black Haw, Hybrid blackhaw, Smooth Blackhaw, Blackhaw ViburnumTree7.5 3-9 SLMHSNDM23 
Viburnum rufidulumSouthern Black Haw, Rusty blackhawShrub12.0 4-8  LMHSNM31 
12

 

Print Friendly and PDF

Expert comment

Author

Marshall.

Botanical References

11200

Links / References

For a list of references used on this page please go here

Readers comment

Bruce D. Parfitt   Sun Mar 17 20:30:12 2002

Link: Viburnum trilobum; shade gardening thorough

michael finley   Thu Aug 6 2009

In Canada, this is usually treated as a N. American subspecies of V. opulus. We call it high bush Cranberry. The raw fruit is really nearly inedible (and some say it is only the raw fruit that can cause stomach upsets -- though I doubt one could eat enough of the raw fruit to find out!). Some people here in Saskatchewan relish high bush cranberry pie. It's cooked without removing the large flat seeds, which is simply crunched up and eaten. Particularly when fresh, the fruit has a strong smell which many people find quite objectionable -- like old socks or worse. If picked after frost or frozen before cooking, the smell is reduced. Adding lemon juice also tames this berry. If these precautions are taken, the berry does make a nice jelly, or the base for a "cranberry-aide" drink that is liked even by people who think the pie peculiar. Since this sounds like damning with faint praise, I should add that the fruit makes up for many faults by being very abundant in some places, such as prairie river valleys, here in western Canada.

QR Code

What's this?

This is a QR code (short for Quick Response) which gives fast-track access to our website pages. QR Codes are barcodes that can be read by mobile phone (smartphone) cameras. This QR Code is unique to this page. All plant pages have their own unique code. For more information about QR Codes click here.

1. Copy and print the QR code to a plant label, poster, book, website, magazines, newspaper etc and even t-shirts.

2. Smartphone users scan the QR Code which automatically takes them to the webpage the QR Code came from.

3. Smartphone users quickly have information on a plant directly for the pfaf.org website on their phone.

Add a comment

If you have important information about this plant that may help other users please add a comment or link below. Only comments or links that are felt to be directly relevant to a plant will be included. If you think a comment/link or information contained on this page is inaccurate or misleading we would welcome your feedback at admin@pfaf.org. If you have questions about a plant please use the Forum on this website as we do not have the resources to answer questions ourselves.

* Please note: the comments by website users are not necessarily those held by PFAF and may give misleading or inaccurate information.

To leave a comment please Register or login here All comments need to be approved so will not appear immediately.

Subject : Viburnum trilobum  
All the information contained in these pages is Copyright (C) Plants For A Future, 1996-2012.
Plants For A Future is a charitable company limited by guarantee, registered in England and Wales. Charity No. 1057719, Company No. 3204567,
Web Design & Management
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons License. Some information cannot be used for commercial reasons or be modified (but some can). Please view the copyright link for more information.