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Viburnum nudum - L.

Common Name Smooth Withe Rod, Possumhaw, Withe-rod, Swamp Haw, Smooth Witherod, Possum Haw Viburnum, Possum Haw
Family Adoxaceae
USDA hardiness 5-9
Known Hazards None known
Habitats Wooded swamps, wet pinelands and bogs[43]. Also found on rich hillsides[82].
Range Eastern N. America - Maryland to Florida, west to Arkansas and Kentucky.
Edibility Rating    (3 of 5)
Other Uses    (0 of 5)
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating    (1 of 5)
Care
Fully Hardy Moist Soil Semi-shade Full sun
Viburnum nudum Smooth Withe Rod, Possumhaw, Withe-rod, Swamp Haw, Smooth Witherod, Possum Haw Viburnum, Possum Haw


Viburnum nudum Smooth Withe Rod, Possumhaw, Withe-rod, Swamp Haw, Smooth Witherod, Possum Haw Viburnum, Possum Haw

 

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Summary

Bloom Color: White, Yellow. Main Bloom Time: Early spring, Late spring, Mid spring. Form: Rounded.


Physical Characteristics

 icon of manicon of shrub
Viburnum nudum is a deciduous Shrub growing to 4.5 m (14ft 9in) at a medium rate.
It is hardy to zone (UK) 6. It is in flower in June, and the seeds ripen in October. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Insects. The plant is not self-fertile.
Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils and can grow in very acid soils.
It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade. It prefers moist soil.

UK Hardiness Map US Hardiness Map

Synonyms

Habitats

Woodland Garden Sunny Edge; Dappled Shade;

Edible Uses

Edible Parts: Fruit
Edible Uses:

Fruit - raw or cooked[3, 105]. It usually has a sweetish flavour[2, 183] but is sometimes bitter[43] and is usually unpalatable[227]. The ovoid fruit is about 8mm long and contains a single large seed[200].

Medicinal Uses

Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.
Antispasmodic  Diuretic  Tonic

A tea made from the bark is antispasmodic, diuretic, tonic and uterine sedative[222].

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Other Uses

None known

Special Uses

Cultivation details

Landscape Uses:Screen, Specimen. An easily grown plant, it succeeds in most soils but is ill-adapted for poor soils and for dry situations[1]. It prefers a deep rich loamy soil in sun or semi-shade[11, 200]. Best if given shade from the early morning sun in spring[200]. Plants often grow in quite acid soils in the wild[227]. Plants are self-incompatible and need to grow close to a genetically distinct plant in the same species in order to produce fruit and fertile seed[11, 200]. This species is closely related to V. cassinoides[11]. Special Features: Attracts birds, North American native, Wetlands plant, Fragrant flowers, Attractive flowers or blooms.

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Plants For A Future have a number of books available in paperback and digital form. Book titles include Edible Plants, Edible Perennials, Edible Trees, and Woodland Gardening. Our new book to be released soon is Edible Shrubs.

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Propagation

Seed - best sown in a cold frame as soon as it is ripe. Germination can be slow, sometimes taking more than 18 months. If the seed is harvested 'green' (when it has fully developed but before it has fully ripened) and sown immediately in a cold frame, it should germinate in the spring[80]. Stored seed will require 2 months warm then 3 months cold stratification and can still take 18 months to germinate[113]. Prick out the seedlings into individual pots when they are large enough to handle and grow them on in a cold frame or greenhouse. Plant out into their permanent positions in late spring or early summer of the following year. Cuttings of soft-wood, early summer in a frame[200]. Pot up into individual pots once they start to root and plant them out in late spring or early summer of the following year. Cuttings of half-ripe wood, 5 - 8 cm long with a heel if possible, July/August in a frame[78, 113]. Plant them into individual pots as soon as they start to root. These cuttings can be difficult to overwinter, it is best to keep them in a greenhouse or cold frame until the following spring before planting them out[113]. Cuttings of mature wood, winter in a frame. They should root in early spring - pot them up when large enough to handle and plant them out in the summer if sufficient new growth is made, otherwise keep them in a cold frame for the next winter and then plant them out in the spring. Layering of current seasons growth in July/August. Takes 15 months[78].

Other Names

If available other names are mentioned here

Found In

Countries where the plant has been found are listed here if the information is available

Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status :

Related Plants
Latin NameCommon NameHabitHeightHardinessGrowthSoilShadeMoistureEdibleMedicinalOther
Viburnum betulifolium Shrub3.0 -  LMHSNM20 
Viburnum cassinoidesWithe Rod, Appalachian Tea, Witherod Viburnum, Witherod, Wild Raisin ViburnumShrub2.5 2-8 MLMHSNM310
Viburnum cordifoliumViburnumTree6.0 8-9 MLMHSNM10 
Viburnum corylifolium Shrub3.0 5-9  LMHSNM10 
Viburnum cotinifolium Shrub3.5 5-9  LMHSNM303
Viburnum cylindricum Shrub5.0 5-9  LMHSNM11 
Viburnum dentatumArrow Wood, Southern arrowwood, Southern Arrowwood ViburnumShrub4.5 2-8 FLMHSNM21 
Viburnum dilatatumLinden Viburnum, Linden arrowwoodShrub3.0 5-8 MLMHSNM312
Viburnum eduleMooseberry, SquashberryShrub2.5 4-8  LMHSNM313
Viburnum erosumViburnumShrub1.8 6-9 MLMHSNM20 
Viburnum erubescens Shrub5.0 5-9  LMHSNM21 
Viburnum erubescens gracilipes Shrub5.0 5-9  LMHSNM20 
Viburnum farreriCulver's root, Fragrant ViburnumShrub3.0 5-8 MLMHSNM300
Viburnum foetens Shrub3.0 5-9  LMHSNM303
Viburnum fordiae Shrub0.0 -  LMHSNM10 
Viburnum furcatum Shrub3.5 5-9  LMHSM10 
Viburnum grandiflorumCranberry bush,Shrub2.0 6-9  LMHSNM300
Viburnum japonicum Shrub1.8 6-9 SLMHSNM20 
Viburnum lantanaWayfaring Tree, Wayfaring Tree ViburnumShrub5.0 4-7 MLMHSNDM100
Viburnum lantanoidesHobbleberryShrub3.0 3-7  LMHFSNM310
Viburnum lentagoSheepberry, Nannyberry, Nannyberry ViburnumTree9.0 2-8 MLMHSNM410
Viburnum mongolicum Shrub2.0 4-8  LMHSNM10 
Viburnum mullaha Shrub3.0 8-11  LMHSNM21 
Viburnum odoratissimumSweet ViburnumShrub5.0 8-10 SLMHSNM10 
Viburnum opulusGuelder Rose, Cramp Bark, European cranberrybush, American cranberrybush, Crampbark, European HighbShrub5.0 3-8 MLMHSNMWe333
Viburnum phlebotrichum Shrub2.5 5-9  LMHSNM10 
Viburnum plicatumJapanese Snowball, Japanese Snowball Viburnum, Doublefile ViburnumShrub4.0 5-8 MLMHSNM10 
Viburnum prunifoliumStagberry, Black Haw, Hybrid blackhaw, Smooth Blackhaw, Blackhaw ViburnumTree7.5 3-9 SLMHSNDM23 
Viburnum rufidulumSouthern Black Haw, Rusty blackhawShrub12.0 4-8  LMHSNM31 
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Growth: S = slow M = medium F = fast. Soil: L = light (sandy) M = medium H = heavy (clay). pH: A = acid N = neutral B = basic (alkaline). Shade: F = full shade S = semi-shade N = no shade. Moisture: D = dry M = Moist We = wet Wa = water.

 

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Botanical References

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Readers comment

Hedda Haning   Sat Feb 14 2009

Question: How close together do the 2 -3 Viburnums need to be to produce fruit? Do they need to abut or will 15 - 20 feet apart do? Thank you

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