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Vetiveria zizanioides - (L.)Nash.

Common Name Vetiveria, Vetivergrass
Family Poaceae or Gramineae
USDA hardiness Coming soon
Known Hazards None known
Habitats Open dry places at elevations up to 1000 metres in Nepal[272].
Range Tropics.
Edibility Rating    (1 of 5)
Other Uses    (0 of 5)
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating    (0 of 5)
Care (info)
Moist Soil Semi-shade Full sun
Vetiveria zizanioides Vetiveria, Vetivergrass

Vetiveria zizanioides Vetiveria, Vetivergrass


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Physical Characteristics

 icon of manicon of flower
Vetiveria zizanioides is a PERENNIAL growing to 2 m (6ft 7in).
It is frost tender. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs).
Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade. It prefers moist soil.

UK Hardiness Map US Hardiness Map


Chrysopogon zizanioides. Anatherum zizanioides


 Cultivated Beds;

Edible Uses

Edible Parts:
Edible Uses: Condiment

The roots are aromatic and are used as a food flavouring[169].


Medicinal Uses

Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.

None known


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Other Uses

Essential  Pot-pourri  Soil stabilization

The aromatic roots are used in pot-pourri and perfumes[169, 272]. The essential oil from the roots is used in perfumery[272]. The plant has deep-rooted and far-ranging roots that make it a valuable plant for controlling soil erosion in cultivated fields. It is often planted along the contour lines for this purpose.

Special Uses


Cultivation details

This species cannot tolerate hard frosts. In areas that experience much frost, it is better to divide up the plant is the autumn, potting up the divisions and over-wintering them in a greenhouse before planting them back outdoors in late spring[169]. Vetiveria grass is a fast-growing grass that is non-invasive, very deep rooting, insect and vermin proof. It is drought resistant, and also withstands inundation and has been known to tolerate occasional lows to around -9°c. It is much planted in the tropics and sub-tropics where its extensive root system makes it valuable for erosion control. 240


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Seed -

Other Names

If available other names are mentioned here

Found In

Countries where the plant has been found are listed here if the information is available

Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status :

Related Plants
Latin NameCommon NameHabitHeightHardinessGrowthSoilShadeMoistureEdibleMedicinalOther

Growth: S = slow M = medium F = fast. Soil: L = light (sandy) M = medium H = heavy (clay). pH: A = acid N = neutral B = basic (alkaline). Shade: F = full shade S = semi-shade N = no shade. Moisture: D = dry M = Moist We = wet Wa = water.


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Botanical References


Links / References

For a list of references used on this page please go here

Readers comment

Donald Thompson   Fri Dec 26 19:33:27 2003

The plant is not propagated by seed. No seed will germinate. Therefore, will not become weed itself. Propagation is by breaking up the root (tillers) and planting pieces of root. The blades of grass cuttings make an excellent garden mulch. I cut down mature plants twice a year using a sharp knife and prunning lopper. Prepare a thick row of vetiver mulch then after a few months, plant pineapple directly into mulch. D. Thompson, Belize Central America

Link: The Vetiver Network Vetiver Grass Technology

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