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Vaccinium_ovalifolium - J.E.Sm.

Common Name Black Huckleberry, Oval-leaf blueberry
Family Ericaceae
USDA hardiness 3-7
Known Hazards None known
Habitats Thickets, open woods and peaty slopes[43].
Range Northern N. America - Quebec to Michigan, Oregon and Alaska.
Edibility Rating    (3 of 5)
Other Uses    (0 of 5)
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating    (1 of 5)
Care
Fully Hardy Moist Soil Semi-shade Full sun
Vaccinium_ovalifolium Black Huckleberry, Oval-leaf blueberry


commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/User:Wsiegmund
Vaccinium_ovalifolium Black Huckleberry, Oval-leaf blueberry
commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/User:Wsiegmund

 

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Summary


Physical Characteristics

 icon of manicon of shrub
Vaccinium_ovalifolium is a deciduous Shrub growing to 3 m (9ft 10in).
It is hardy to zone (UK) 3. It is in flower in June. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Insects.
Suitable for: light (sandy) and medium (loamy) soils and prefers well-drained soil. Suitable pH: acid soils and can grow in very acid soils.
It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade. It prefers moist soil.

Synonyms

Habitats

Edible Uses

Fruit - raw or cooked[105, 118, 161, 172, 257]. Mildly acidic[11, 200]. A pleasant sweet flavour[212]. The fruit is a reasonable source of vitamin C[257]. The fruit can also be dried for later use[183] when they have a flavour like raisins[256]. The fruit is about 10mm in diameter[200].

Medicinal Uses

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Antiseptic, astringent, carminative, hypoglycaemic[172]. An infusion of the leaves and sugar have been given to a mother after childbirth[257].

Other Uses

None known

Cultivation details

Requires a moist but freely-draining lime free soil, preferring one that is rich in peat or a light loamy soil with added leaf-mould[11, 200]. Prefers a very acid soil with a pH in the range of 4.5 to 6, plants soon become chlorotic when lime is present. Succeeds in full sun or light shade though it fruits better in a sunny position[200]. Requires shelter from strong winds[200]. Dislikes root disturbance, plants are best grown in pots until being planted out in their permanent positions[200]. The fruit is borne singly rather than in clusters[183]. This species is closely related to V. parvifolium[182]. Plants in this genus are notably resistant to honey fungus[200].

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Propagation

Seed - sow late winter in a greenhouse in a lime-free potting mix and only just cover the seed[78]. Stored seed might require a period of up to 3 months cold stratification[113]. Another report says that it is best to sow the seed in a greenhouse as soon as it is ripe[200]. Once they are about 5cm tall, prick the seedlings out into individual pots and grow them on in a lightly shaded position in the greenhouse for at least their first winter. Plant them out into their permanent positions in late spring or early summer, after the last expected frosts. Cuttings of half-ripe wood, 5 - 8cm with a heel, August in a frame[78]. Slow and difficult. Layering in late summer or early autumn[78]. Another report says that spring is the best time to layer[200]. Takes 18 months[78]. Division of suckers in spring or early autumn[113].

Other Names

If available other names are mentioned here

Found In

Countries where the plant has been found are listed here if the information is available

Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status :

Related Plants
Latin NameCommon NameEdibility RatingMedicinal Rating
Vaccinium ovalifoliumBlack Huckleberry, Oval-leaf blueberry31

 

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Author

J.E.Sm.

Botanical References

1143200

Links / References

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Subject : Vaccinium_ovalifolium  
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