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Ulmus_alata - Michx.

Common Name Winged Elm
Family Ulmaceae
USDA hardiness 6-9
Known Hazards None known
Habitats Dry gravelly uplands, less often in alluvial soils on the borders of swamps and banks of streams, occasionally in inundated swamps[82].
Range Eastern and Central N. America - Virginia to Florida, west to Illinois, Missouri and Texas.
Edibility Rating    (2 of 5)
Other Uses    (0 of 5)
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating    (0 of 5)
Care
Fully Hardy Moist Soil Semi-shade Full sun
Ulmus_alata Winged Elm


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Ulmus_alata Winged Elm
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Summary

Bloom Color: Green. Main Bloom Time: Early spring, Late spring, Mid spring. Form: Oval, Pyramidal, Rounded, Upright or erect, Vase.


Physical Characteristics

 icon of manicon of lolypop
Ulmus_alata is a deciduous Tree growing to 15 m (49ft 3in) at a fast rate.
It is hardy to zone (UK) 4 and is not frost tender. It is in flower in May, and the seeds ripen in June. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Wind.
Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and prefers well-drained soil. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade. It prefers moist soil.

Synonyms

Habitats

Edible Uses

Leaves - raw or cooked.

Medicinal Uses

Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.



None known

Other Uses

The inner bark is very fibrous and can be used as a string[46, 61, 82, 149]. Wood - close-grained, heavy, hard, not strong, brittle, difficult to split. It weighs about 46lb per cubic foot, is not considered to be as strong as other elms, but is used for tool handles, wheel hubs etc[46, 61, 82, 149, 227, 229].

Cultivation details

Landscape Uses:Specimen, Street tree. Prefers a fertile soil in full sun[188], but can be grown in any soil of at least moderate quality so long as it is well drained[1]. A fast-growing tree in its native range[227], but this species does not thrive in Britain[1]. Closely related to U. thomasii[11]. Susceptible to 'Dutch elm disease', a disease that has destroyed the greater part of all the elm trees growing in Britain. The disease is spread by means of beetles. Mature trees killed back by the disease will often regrow from suckers, but these too will succumb when they get larger. There is no effective cure (1992) for the problem, but most E. Asian, though not Himalayan, species are resistant (though not immune) to the disease so the potential exists to use these resistant species to develop new resistant hybrids with the native species[200]. The various species of this genus hybridize freely with each other and pollen is easily saved, so even those species with different flowering times can be hybridized[200]. Special Features: Attracts birds, North American native, Inconspicuous flowers or blooms.

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Propagation

Seed - if sown in a cold frame as soon as it is ripe, it usually germinates within a few days[200]. Stored seed does not germinate so well and should be sown in early spring[200]. The seed can also be harvested 'green' (when it has fully developed but before it dries on the tree) and sown immediately in a cold frame. It should germinate very quickly and will produce a larger plant by the end of the growing season[80]. When they are large enough to handle, prick the seedlings out into individual pots and grow them on in the greenhouse for their first winter. Plant them out into their permanent positions in late spring or early summer, after the last expected frosts. Plants should not be allowed to grow for more than two years in a nursery bed since they form a tap root and will then move badly. Layering of suckers or coppiced shoots[200].

Other Names

If available other names are mentioned here

Found In

Countries where the plant has been found are listed here if the information is available

Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status :

Related Plants

 

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Expert comment

Author

Michx.

Botanical References

1182200

Links / References

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Readers comment

Howard Lubbers   Thu Feb 10 01:38:58 2005

Looking for a source of winged elm seeds or seedlings

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Subject : Ulmus_alata  
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