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Triticum turgidum polonicum - (L.)Thell.

Common Name Polish Wheat
Family Poaceae or Gramineae
USDA hardiness Coming soon
Known Hazards None known
Habitats Developed through cultivation, it is not known in a truly wild location.
Range The origin of this species is uncertain.
Edibility Rating    (3 of 5)
Other Uses    (0 of 5)
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating    (0 of 5)
Care
Moist Soil Full sun
Triticum turgidum polonicum Polish Wheat


Triticum turgidum polonicum Polish Wheat

 

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Summary


Physical Characteristics

 icon of manicon of flower
Triticum turgidum polonicum is a ANNUAL growing to 1.3 m (4ft 3in).
It is not frost tender. It is in flower from June to July, and the seeds ripen from August to September. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Wind.
Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and prefers well-drained soil. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It cannot grow in the shade. It prefers moist soil.

UK Hardiness Map US Hardiness Map

Synonyms

Habitats

 Cultivated Beds;

Edible Uses

Edible Parts: Seed
Edible Uses:

Seed - cooked[50, 105, 171]. It is usually ground into a flour and used as a cereal. High in gluten[61]. The large seeds are suitable for making macaroni but not for bread[46, 57, 61, 183]. The grain falls readily from the ears, it is of no value for milling[57].

Medicinal Uses

Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.


None known

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Other Uses

Biomass  Mulch  Paper  Starch  Thatching

The straw has many uses, as a biomass for fuel etc, for thatching, as a mulch in the garden etc[141]. A fibre obtained from the stems is used for making paper[189]. The stems are harvested in late summer after the seed has been harvested, they are cut into usable pieces and soaked in clear water for 24 hours. They are then cooked for 2 hours in lye or soda ash and then beaten in a ball mill for 1½ hours in a ball mill. The fibres make a green-tan paper[189]. The starch from the seed is used for laundering, sizing textiles etc[46, 61]. It can also be converted to alcohol for use as a fuel.

Special Uses

Cultivation details

Succeeds in most well-drained soils in a sunny position. A rather primitive wheat, it probably arose through cultivation about 10,000 years ago following a cross between T. aethiopicum (the first primitive wheat) and Aegilops sp. It is sometimes cultivated for its edible seed, especially in N. Africa and the Mediterranean, and it can be grown very successfully under garden conditions[183]. There are some named varieties. 'Kamut' has very large kernels, 2 - 3 times the size of modern wheats. The seed contains significantly higher levels of protein and slightly higher levels of lipids and minerals. Reportedly less allergenic, though this has not been substantiated by controlled studies. The seed is said to have a superior flavour[183]. A tetraploid species[142].

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Propagation

Seed - sow early spring or autumn in situ and only just cover the seed. Germination should take place within a few days[K]. This sub-species is most commonly sown in the spring, though it is also sometimes sown in the autumn[266].

Other Names

If available other names are mentioned here

Found In

Countries where the plant has been found are listed here if the information is available

Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status :

Related Plants
Latin NameCommon NameHabitHeightHardinessGrowthSoilShadeMoistureEdibleMedicinalOther
Triticum aestivumBread Wheat, Common wheatAnnual1.5 10-12  LMHNM422
Triticum aestivum compactumClub WheatAnnual0.6 -  LMHNM20 
Triticum aestivum machaMakha WheatAnnual0.0 -  LMHNM20 
Triticum aestivum speltaSpelt WheatAnnual1.0 -  LMHNM40 
Triticum aestivum sphaerococcumShot WheatAnnual0.0 -  LMHNM20 
Triticum bicorne Annual0.0 -  LMHNM20 
Triticum georgicum Annual0.0 -  LMHNM20 
Triticum monococcumEinkornAnnual1.0 -  LMHNDM30 
Triticum monococcum aegilopoidesWild EinkornAnnual1.0 -  LMHNM20 
Triticum sovieticum Annual0.0 -  LMHNM20 
Triticum timopheeviiSanduri, Timopheev's wheatAnnual0.0 0-0  LMHNM20 
Triticum turgidumRivet WheatAnnual1.5 -  LMHNM40 
Triticum turgidum carthlicumPersian WheatAnnual0.0 -  LMHNM20 
Triticum turgidum dicoccoidesWild EmmerAnnual1.0 -  LMHNM20 
Triticum turgidum dicocconEmmerAnnual0.0 -  LMHNDM30 
Triticum turgidum durumDurum WheatAnnual1.0 10-12  LMHNM302
Triticum turgidum turanicumKhurasan WheatAnnual1.2 -  LMHNM20 
Triticum vaviloviVavilov's WheatAnnual0.0 -  LMHNM20 

 

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Author

(L.)Thell.

Botanical References

50266

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