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Trifolium macrocephalum - (Pursh.)Poir.

Common Name Bighead Clover, Largehead clover
Family Fabaceae or Leguminosae
USDA hardiness 4-8
Known Hazards None known
Habitats Dry, often rocky soils, usually amongst sagebrush or under yellow pine[212].
Range Western N. America - Idaho to Washington and California.
Edibility Rating    (1 of 5)
Other Uses    (3 of 5)
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating    (0 of 5)
Care (info)
Fully Hardy Moist Soil Full sun
Trifolium macrocephalum Bighead Clover, Largehead clover


Gary A. Monroe @ USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database
Trifolium macrocephalum Bighead Clover, Largehead clover
http://plants.usda.gov

 

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Summary


Physical Characteristics

 icon of manicon of flower
Trifolium macrocephalum is a PERENNIAL growing to 0.3 m (1ft).
It is hardy to zone (UK) 4. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Insects.
It can fix Nitrogen.
Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils, prefers well-drained soil and can grow in nutritionally poor soil. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It cannot grow in the shade. It prefers moist soil.

UK Hardiness Map US Hardiness Map

Synonyms

Lupinaster macrocephalus. Trifolium macrocephalum caeruleomontanum

Habitats

 Cultivated Beds;

Edible Uses

Edible Parts: Leaves
Edible Uses:

Leaves - cooked and used as a greens[212].

References

Medicinal Uses

Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.


None known

References

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FOOD FOREST PLANTS

Other Uses

Dynamic accumulator.

Special Uses

Dynamic accumulator  Nitrogen Fixer

References

Cultivation details

Succeeds in a moist, well-drained circum-neutral soil in full sun[200]. Succeeds in poor soils. It grows well in an apple orchard, the trees will produce tastier fruit that stores better[201]. It should not be grown with camellias or gooseberries because it harbours a mite that can cause fruit drop in the gooseberries and premature budding in the camellias[201]. This species has a symbiotic relationship with certain soil bacteria, these bacteria form nodules on the roots and fix atmospheric nitrogen. Some of this nitrogen is utilized by the growing plant but some can also be used by other plants growing nearby[200]. Buttercups growing nearby depress the growth of the nitrogen bacteria by means of a root exudate[201].

References

Temperature Converter

Type a value in the Celsius field to convert the value to Fahrenheit:

Fahrenheit:

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Propagation

Pre-soak the seed for 12 hours in warm water and then sow in spring in situ. If the seed is in short supply it might be better to sow it in pots in a cold frame. When they are large enough to handle, prick the seedlings out into individual pots and plant them out in late spring. Division in spring.

Other Names

If available other names are mentioned here

Found In

Countries where the plant has been found are listed here if the information is available

Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status :

Related Plants
Latin NameCommon NameHabitHeightHardinessGrowthSoilShadeMoistureEdibleMedicinalOther
Trifolium bifidumPiñole Clover, Notchleaf cloverAnnual0.5 0-0  LMHNM203
Trifolium ciliatumFoothill CloverAnnual0.5 0-0  LMHNM203
Trifolium cyathiferumCup CloverAnnual0.5 0-0  LMHNM102
Trifolium dichotomumBranched Indian CloverAnnual0.6 0-0  LMHNM202
Trifolium dubiumSuckling CloverAnnual0.5 0-0  LMHNM013
Trifolium fimbriatumSpringbank Clover, Cows cloverPerennial1.0 0-0  LMHNM302
Trifolium fucatumSour Clover, Bull cloverAnnual0.6 0-0  LMHNM202
Trifolium fucatum virescens Annual0.6 0-0  LMHNM202
Trifolium gracilentumPin-Point Clover, Palmer's cloverAnnual0.6 0-0  LMHNM202
Trifolium hybridumAlsike CloverPerennial0.6 0-0  LMHNM212
Trifolium incarnatumCrimson CloverAnnual0.5 3-9 MLMHNM204
Trifolium lupinasterLupine cloverPerennial0.5 0-0  LMHNM102
Trifolium microcephalumSmallhead CloverAnnual0.6 -  LMHNM10 
Trifolium obtusiflorumClammy CloverAnnual1.0 0-0  LMHNM202
Trifolium ornithopodioidesBirdsfoot Fenugreek, Bird cloverAnnual/Perennial0.2 0-0  LMHNMWe103
Trifolium pratenseRed CloverPerennial0.6 5-9 MLMHNM334
Trifolium repensWhite Clover, Dutch Clover, Purple Dutch Clover, Shamrock, White CloverPerennial0.1 4-8 MLMHNM324
Trifolium subterraneumSubterranean CloverAnnual0.2 7-10  LMHNM104
Trifolium tridentatumTomcat CloverAnnual0.6 0-0  LMHNM202
Trifolium variegatumWhitetip CloverAnnual1.0 -  LMHNM10 

Growth: S = slow M = medium F = fast. Soil: L = light (sandy) M = medium H = heavy (clay). pH: A = acid N = neutral B = basic (alkaline). Shade: F = full shade S = semi-shade N = no shade. Moisture: D = dry M = Moist We = wet Wa = water.

 

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Author

(Pursh.)Poir.

Botanical References

200

Links / References

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