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Trifolium hybridum - L.

Common Name Alsike Clover
Family Fabaceae or Leguminosae
USDA hardiness Coming soon
Known Hazards None known
Habitats Roadsides in Britain[17].
Range Europe. Naturalized in Britain[17].
Edibility Rating    (2 of 5)
Other Uses    (0 of 5)
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating    (1 of 5)
Care
Moist Soil Full sun
Trifolium hybridum Alsike Clover


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Trifolium hybridum Alsike Clover
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Summary


Physical Characteristics

 icon of manicon of flower
Trifolium hybridum is a PERENNIAL growing to 0.6 m (2ft). It is in flower from June to September. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Insects.
It can fix Nitrogen.
Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils, prefers well-drained soil and can grow in nutritionally poor soil. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It cannot grow in the shade. It prefers moist soil.

UK Hardiness Map US Hardiness Map

Synonyms

Trifolium elegans. Trifolium hybridum elegans

Habitats

 Cultivated Beds;

Edible Uses

Edible Parts: Flowers  Leaves
Edible Uses: Tea

Leaves and flower heads - raw or cooked. Boiled, or after soaking for several hours in salty water[183]. A delightful and healthful tea is made from the dried flower heads[183]. They are usually mixed with other teas[183]. The dried flower heads and seeds can be ground into a nutritious flour[183].

Medicinal Uses

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Galactogogue

A cold infusion of the plant has been used as a wash on the breasts of a nursing mother in order to increase the milk flow[257].

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Other Uses

None known

Special Uses

Carbon Farming  Nitrogen Fixer

Cultivation details

Agroforestry Services: Nitrogen  Agroforestry Services: Understory legume  Fodder: Pasture  Management: Fodder  Management: Hay  Minor Global Crop

Succeeds in a moist, well-drained circum-neutral soil in full sun[200]. Succeeds in poor soils. Closely related to T. repens[60]. It grows well in an apple orchard, the trees will produce tastier fruit that stores better[201]. It should not be grown with camellias or gooseberries because it harbours a mite that can cause fruit drop in the gooseberries and premature budding in the camellias[201]. This species has a symbiotic relationship with certain soil bacteria, these bacteria form nodules on the roots and fix atmospheric nitrogen. Some of this nitrogen is utilized by the growing plant but some can also be used by other plants growing nearby[200]. Buttercups growing nearby depress the growth of the nitrogen bacteria by means of a root exudate[201].

Carbon Farming

  • Agroforestry Services: Nitrogen  Plants that contribute to nitrogen fixation include the legume family – Fabaceae.
  • Agroforestry Services: Understory legume  Legume vegetation, especially the trees and shrubs growing between the forest canopy and the forest floor.
  • Fodder: Pasture  Enclosed tracts of farmland mainly of grasses, with an interspersion of legumes and other forbs (non-grass herbaceous plants).
  • Management: Fodder  Non-destructive management systems maintaining the soil organic carbon.
  • Management: Hay  Cut to the ground and harvested annually. Non-destructive management systems maintaining the soil organic carbon.
  • Minor Global Crop  These crops are already grown or traded around the world, but on a smaller scale than the global perennial staple and industrial crops, The annual value of a minor global crop is under $1 billion US. Examples include shea, carob, Brazil nuts and fibers such as ramie and sisal.

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Propagation

Pre-soak the seed for 12 hours in warm water and then sow in spring in situ. If the seed is in short supply it might be better to sow it in pots in a cold frame. When they are large enough to handle, prick the seedlings out into individual pots and plant them out after the last expected frosts. Division in spring.

Other Names

If available other names are mentioned here

Found In

Countries where the plant has been found are listed here if the information is available

Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status :

Related Plants
Latin NameCommon NameHabitHeightHardinessGrowthSoilShadeMoistureEdibleMedicinalOther
Trifolium bifidumPiñole Clover, Notchleaf cloverAnnual0.5 0-0  LMHNM20 
Trifolium ciliatumFoothill CloverAnnual0.5 -  LMHNM20 
Trifolium cyathiferumCup CloverAnnual0.5 -  LMHNM10 
Trifolium dichotomumBranched Indian CloverAnnual0.6 -  LMHNM20 
Trifolium dubiumSuckling CloverAnnual0.5 -  LMHNM01 
Trifolium fimbriatumSpringbank Clover, Cows cloverPerennial1.0 0-0  LMHNM30 
Trifolium fucatumSour Clover, Bull cloverAnnual0.6 0-0  LMHNM20 
Trifolium fucatum virescens Annual0.6 -  LMHNM20 
Trifolium gracilentumPin-Point Clover, Palmer's cloverAnnual0.6 0-0  LMHNM20 
Trifolium incarnatumCrimson CloverAnnual0.5 0-0 MLMHNM200
Trifolium lupinasterLupine cloverPerennial0.5 0-0  LMHNM10 
Trifolium macrocephalumBighead Clover, Largehead cloverPerennial0.3 4-8  LMHNM10 
Trifolium microcephalumSmallhead CloverAnnual0.6 -  LMHNM10 
Trifolium obtusiflorumClammy CloverAnnual1.0 -  LMHNM20 
Trifolium ornithopodioidesBirdsfoot Fenugreek, Bird cloverAnnual/Perennial0.2 0-0  LMHNMWe10 
Trifolium pratenseRed CloverPerennial0.6 5-9 MLMHNM333
Trifolium repensWhite Clover, Dutch Clover, Purple Dutch Clover, Shamrock, White CloverPerennial0.1 4-8 MLMHNM323
Trifolium subterraneumSubterranean CloverAnnual0.2 -  LMHNM10 
Trifolium tridentatumTomcat CloverAnnual0.6 -  LMHNM20 
Trifolium variegatumWhitetip CloverAnnual1.0 -  LMHNM10 

 

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Botanical References

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