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Torreya grandis - Fortune. ex Lindl.

Common Name Chinese Nutmeg Tree
Family Cephalotaxaceae
USDA hardiness 7-10
Known Hazards None known
Habitats Woodlands, 1000 - 1600 metres[109]. Mountains, open valleys, often by streams, on yellow, red, and dark soils at elevations of 200 - 1400 metres[266].
Range E. Asia - C. and E. China.
Edibility Rating    (2 of 5)
Other Uses    (0 of 5)
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating    (1 of 5)
Care (info)
Frost Hardy Moist Soil Full shade Semi-shade Full sun
Torreya grandis Chinese Nutmeg Tree


Torreya grandis Chinese Nutmeg Tree
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Summary


Physical Characteristics

 icon of manicon of cone
Torreya grandis is an evergreen Tree growing to 25 m (82ft 0in) at a slow rate.
See above for USDA hardiness. It is hardy to UK zone 8. It is in leaf all year, in flower in April, and the seeds ripen from October to November. The species is dioecious (individual flowers are either male or female, but only one sex is to be found on any one plant so both male and female plants must be grown if seed is required). and is pollinated by Wind. The plant is not self-fertile.
Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils. Suitable pH: mildly acid, neutral and basic (mildly alkaline) soils. It can grow in full shade (deep woodland) semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade. It prefers moist soil.

UK Hardiness Map US Hardiness Map

Synonyms

Habitats

Woodland Garden Secondary; Sunny Edge; Dappled Shade; Shady Edge; not Deep Shade;

Edible Uses

Edible Parts: Oil  Seed
Edible Uses: Oil

Seed - roasted[46, 61, 63, 105, 183, 266]. An edible oil is obtained from the seed[266].

References   More on Edible Uses

Medicinal Uses

Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.
Anthelmintic  Antitussive  Carminative  Laxative

The flowers are anthelmintic and carminative[218]. The seed is anthelmintic, antitussive, laxative and peptic[218].

References   More on Medicinal Uses

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FOOD FOREST PLANTS

Other Uses

Essential  Oil  Wood

An essential oil is extracted from the aril (fruit)[266]. The wood is used in constructing buildings, bridges, and furniture[266].

Special Uses

Carbon Farming

References   More on Other Uses

Cultivation details

Management: Standard  Regional Crop  Staple Crop: Protein-oil

Succeeds in ordinary garden soil, tolerating some lime[1]. Requires a sheltered position and either high humidity or a moist riverside soil[200]. Dislikes wind exposure[200]. Tolerates woodland shade very well[200]. Requires hot, very humid summers for best growth[200]. This species is not very hardy in Britain, it only succeeds outdoors in the milder areas of the country[1]. It succeeds outdoors at Kew[11], a tree was 8 metres tall in 1970[185]. The seed takes two summers to mature[229]. The edible seed of this very ornamental evergreen tree is often sold in local markets in China. Closely related to T. nucifera[200]. Plants are dioecious so both male and female plants are required if seed is to be produced. Occasional trees are monoecious with dioecious branches.

Carbon Farming

  • Management: Standard  Plants grow to their standard height. Harvest fruit, seeds, or other products. Non-Destructive management systems.
  • Regional Crop  These crops have been domesticated and cultivated regionally but have not been adopted elsewhere and are typically not traded globally, Examples in this broad category include perennial cottons and many nuts and staple fruits.
  • Staple Crop: Protein-oil  (16+ percent protein, 16+ percent oil). Annuals include soybeans, peanuts, sunflower seeds. Perennials include seeds, beans, nuts, and fruits such as almond, Brazil nut, pistachio, walnut, hazel, and safou.

References   Carbon Farming Information and Carbon Sequestration Information

Temperature Converter

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Fahrenheit:

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The PFAF Bookshop

Plants For A Future have a number of books available in paperback and digital form. Book titles include Edible Plants, Edible Perennials, Edible Trees, and Woodland Gardening. Our new book to be released soon is Edible Shrubs.

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Propagation

Seed - best sown as soon as it is ripe in a cold frame. Some of the seed should germinate in the following spring though much of it might take another 12 months. Stored seed requires a period of cold stratification and can take 18 months or more to germinate. Prick out the seedlings into individual pots as soon as growth is observed and grow them on in light shade in the greenhouse for at least the next couple of winters, making sure to pot them on into larger pots as and when required. Plant them out into their permanent positions in early summer when the plants are at least 20cm tall. Cuttings of half-ripe shoots in late summer[1]. Cuttings do not grow well[11]. Layering.

Other Names

If available other names are mentioned here

Found In

Countries where the plant has been found are listed here if the information is available

Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status :

Related Plants
Latin NameCommon NameHabitHeightHardinessGrowthSoilShadeMoistureEdibleMedicinalOther
Ephedra torreyanaMexican Tea, Torrey's jointfirShrub1.0 0-0  LMNDM23 
Pinus torreyanaSoledad Pine, Torrey pine, Santa Cruz Island Torrey pine, Soledad pine, Torrey pineTree20.0 8-11 FLMNDM32 
Torreya californicaCalifornia NutmegTree15.0 6-9 SLMHFSNM31 
Torreya fargesii Tree20.0 6-9 SLMHFSNM20 
Torreya jackii Tree10.0 7-10 SLMHFSNM20 
Torreya nuciferaKaya, Japanese torreyaTree20.0 6-8 SLMHFSM52 
Torreya yunnanensisYunnan Nutmeg YewTree15.0 7-10 SLMHFSNM20 

Growth: S = slow M = medium F = fast. Soil: L = light (sandy) M = medium H = heavy (clay). pH: A = acid N = neutral B = basic (alkaline). Shade: F = full shade S = semi-shade N = no shade. Moisture: D = dry M = Moist We = wet Wa = water.

 

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Author

Fortune. ex Lindl.

Botanical References

11200266

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