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Thymus herba-barona - Loisel.

Common Name Caraway Thyme
Family Lamiaceae or Labiatae
USDA hardiness 8-10
Known Hazards None known
Habitats Not known
Range S. Europe - Mediterranean in Sardinia and Corsica.
Edibility Rating    (3 of 5)
Other Uses    (4 of 5)
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating    (2 of 5)
Care
Well drained soil Moist Soil Full sun
Thymus herba-barona Caraway Thyme


Thymus herba-barona Caraway Thyme

 

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Summary

Bloom Color: Lavender, Pink. Form: Prostrate.


Physical Characteristics

 icon of manicon of shrub
Thymus herba-barona is an evergreen Shrub growing to 0.1 m (0ft 4in) by 0.3 m (1ft) at a slow rate.
It is not frost tender. It is in leaf all year, in flower from July to August. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Bees, flies, Lepidoptera (Moths & Butterflies).
Suitable for: light (sandy) and medium (loamy) soils and prefers well-drained soil. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It cannot grow in the shade. It prefers dry or moist soil and can tolerate drought.

Synonyms

Habitats

 Ground Cover; Cultivated Beds; East Wall. In. South Wall. In. West Wall. In.

Edible Uses

Edible Parts:
Edible Uses: Condiment.

The herb has a fragrance reminiscent of caraway seeds and is an excellent flavouring for soups, vegetables etc[183]. It is especially used with garlic[200]. If the leaves are to be dried, the plants should be harvested in early and late summer just before the flowers open and the leaves should be dried quickly[200].

Medicinal Uses



Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.

Antiseptic;  Deodorant;  Disinfectant.

The leaves, and especially the essential oil contained in them, are strongly antiseptic, deodorant and disinfectant[200, 238]. The plant can be used fresh at any time of the year, or it can be harvested as it comes into flower and either be distilled for the oil or dried for later use[238].

Other Uses

Deodorant;  Disinfectant;  Essential.

The essential oil obtained from the leaves is used in perfumery, as a mouth wash, medicinally etc[200]. Plants can be grown as a ground cover when planted about 30cm apart each way[208].

Cultivation details

Landscape Uses:Container, Ground cover, Rock garden. Requires a well-drained soil in a sunny position. Succeeds in dry soils, tolerating drought once it is established[190]. Grows well between stepping stones on paths, tolerating light treading[183, 200]. Succeeds on walls. Thymes dislike wet conditions, especially in the winter. A layer of gravel on the soil around them will help protect the foliage from wet soils[238]. This species is not hardy in the colder areas of the country, it tolerates temperatures down to between -5 and -10°c[200]. The leaves of the species have a delicious caraway scent[190]. There are some named varieties. 'Nutmeg' is fast growing and has a pronounced fragrance somewhat reminiscent of nutmeg[183]. 'Lemon Scented' has a strong lemon scent[200]. The flowers are rich in nectar and are very attractive to honey bees[200]. This is a very difficult genus taxonomically, the species hybridize freely with each other and often intergrade into each other[200]. Special Features:Attractive foliage, Edible, Fragrant foliage, Not North American native, Flower characteristics are unknown.

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Propagation

Seed - sow spring in a cold frame. Seed can also be sown in autumn in a greenhouse. Surface sow or barely cover the seed. Germination can be erratic. When they are large enough to handle, prick the seedlings out into individual pots and grow them on in the greenhouse for at least their first winter. Plant them out into their permanent positions in late spring or early summer, after the last expected frosts. Division in spring or autumn[200]. Larger divisions can be planted out direct into their permanent positions. We have found that it is best to pot up smaller divisions and grow them on in light shade in a greenhouse or cold frame until they are growing away well. Plant them out in the summer or the following spring. Cuttings of young shoots, 5 - 8cm with a heel, May/June in a frame[200]. Cuttings of half-ripe wood, 5 - 8cm with a heel, July/August in a frame[200]. Layering.

Other Names

If available other names are mentioned here

Found In

Countries where the plant has been found are listed here if the information is available

Australia, Canada, Corsica, Mediterranean, North America, Sardinia,

Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status :

Related Plants
Latin NameCommon NameEdibility RatingMedicinal Rating
Thymus caespititiusCretan Thyme22
Thymus camphoratusCamphor Thyme02
Thymus capitatusHeaded Savory, Thymus22
Thymus cilicicusCilician Thyme12
Thymus hirtus 22
Thymus mastichinaMastic Thyme22
Thymus pannonicusEurasian thyme22
Thymus praecoxMother of thyme, Creeping thyme, Woolly Thyme22
Thymus praecox arcticusWild Thyme32
Thymus pseudolanuginosusWoolly Thyme22
Thymus pulegioidesBroad-Leaved Thyme, lemon thyme22
Thymus quinquecostatus 22
Thymus serpyllumWild Thyme43
Thymus vulgarisCommon Thyme, Garden thyme, Wild Thyme43
Thymus x citriodorusLemon Thyme, Creeping Lemon Thyme, Lemon-Scented Thyme42
Thymus zygis 22

 

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Author

Loisel.

Botanical References

200

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Subject : Thymus herba-barona  
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