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Tamarix canariensis - Willd.

Common Name Tamarisk, Canary Island tamarisk
Family Tamaricaceae
USDA hardiness 7-10
Known Hazards None known
Habitats Not known
Range Europe - Mediterranean. Canary Isles.
Edibility Rating    (1 of 5)
Other Uses    (0 of 5)
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating    (0 of 5)
Care (info)
Frost Hardy Well drained soil Moist Soil Full sun
Tamarix canariensis Tamarisk, Canary Island tamarisk


http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/User:Xemenendura
Tamarix canariensis Tamarisk, Canary Island tamarisk
http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/User:Meneerke_bloem

 

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Summary


Physical Characteristics

 
Tamarix canariensis is a deciduous Tree at a medium rate.
See above for USDA hardiness. It is hardy to UK zone 8. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Insects.
Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils, prefers well-drained soil and can grow in heavy clay soil. Suitable pH: mildly acid, neutral and basic (mildly alkaline) soils and can grow in very alkaline and saline soils.
It cannot grow in the shade. It prefers dry or moist soil. The plant can tolerate maritime exposure.

UK Hardiness Map US Hardiness Map

Synonyms

Habitats

Woodland Garden Secondary; Hedge;

Edible Uses

Edible Parts: Manna
Edible Uses:

A sweet manna-like substance that exudes from the stems is collected and mixed with flour, sugar and almonds, formed into cakes and baked as a sweetmeat[183].

References   More on Edible Uses

Medicinal Uses

Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.


None known

References   More on Medicinal Uses

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An important new book from PFAF. It focuses on the attributes of plants suitable for food forests, what each can contribute to a food forest ecosystem, including carbon sequestration, and the kinds of foods they yield. The book suggests that community and small-scale food forests can provide a real alternative to intensive industrialised agriculture, and help to combat the many inter-related environmental crises that threaten the very future of life on Earth.

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FOOD FOREST PLANTS

Other Uses

Hedge  Hedge

Very tolerant of maritime exposure, it makes a good shelter hedge in coastal gardens.

Special Uses

Hedge  Hedge

References   More on Other Uses

Cultivation details

An easily grown plant, succeeding in most soils and tolerant of saline conditions[11]. Grows well in heavy clay soils as well as in sands and even shingle[182]. Usually found near the coast, it succeeds inland if given a fairly good deep loam and a sunny position[11, 200]. Tolerant of maritime winds and dry soils when grown near the coast[11], plants require a moister soil and shelter from cold drying winds when they are grown inland in non-saline soils because they use the soil salts that are found in saline soils to help them reduce transpiration[200]. This species is not very hardy outdoors in Britain[1], but it succeed in the milder areas of the country, tolerating temperatures down to between -5 and -10°c[200]. Growth can be restricted by cutting back the plants in spring, hedges are also best trimmed at this time[188]. Plants in this genus are notably resistant to honey fungus[200].

References   Carbon Farming Information and Carbon Sequestration Information

Temperature Converter

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The PFAF Bookshop

Plants For A Future have a number of books available in paperback and digital form. Book titles include Edible Plants, Edible Perennials, Edible Trees, and Woodland Gardening. Our new book to be released soon is Edible Shrubs.

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Propagation

Seed - sow spring in a cold frame and only just cover the seed. When they are large enough to handle, prick the seedlings out into individual pots and grow them on in the greenhouse for their first winter. Plant them out into their permanent positions in late spring or early summer, after the last expected frosts. Cuttings of half-ripe wood, July/August in a frame. Very easy[200]. Cuttings of mature wood of the current seasons growth, 15 - 25cm long, planted outdoors in late autumn in a nursery bed or straight into their permanent position. High percentage[11, 200].

Other Names

If available other names are mentioned here

Found In

Countries where the plant has been found are listed here if the information is available

Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status :

Related Plants
Latin NameCommon NameHabitHeightHardinessGrowthSoilShadeMoistureEdibleMedicinalOther
Tamarix africanaAfrican tamariskTree7.5 7-10 MLMHNDM00 
Tamarix anglicaEnglish TreeShrub5.0 6-9 MLMHNDM11 
Tamarix aphyllaAthel TamariskTree10.0 7-10 MLMHNDM11 
Tamarix chinensisChinese Tamarisk, Five-stamen tamariskShrub4.5 6-9 MLMHNDM020
Tamarix gallicaManna Plant, French tamariskShrub4.0 4-8 MLMHNDM120
Tamarix hispidaKashgar TreeShrub1.0 5-9 MLMHNDM00 
Tamarix juniperina Tree7.5 5-9 MLMHNDM00 
Tamarix parvifloraSmall-Flowered TamariskShrub4.5 4-8 MLMHNDM000
Tamarix ramosissimaTamarisk, SaltcedarShrub4.5 2-9 MLMHNDM100

Growth: S = slow M = medium F = fast. Soil: L = light (sandy) M = medium H = heavy (clay). pH: A = acid N = neutral B = basic (alkaline). Shade: F = full shade S = semi-shade N = no shade. Moisture: D = dry M = Moist We = wet Wa = water.

 

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Expert comment

Author

Willd.

Botanical References

50200

Links / References

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