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Stylosanthes biflora - (L.) Britton & al.

Common Name Sidebeak pencilflower
Family Leguminosae
USDA hardiness 4-8
Known Hazards None Known
Habitats Rocky open woods, glades, prairies, usually on acid substrates.
Range Native to the Southeastern United States
Edibility Rating    (0 of 5)
Other Uses    (2 of 5)
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating    (0 of 5)
Care (info)
Fully Hardy Well drained soil Moist Soil Semi-shade Full sun
Stylosanthes biflora Sidebeak pencilflower


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Stylosanthes biflora Sidebeak pencilflower
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Summary


Physical Characteristics

 icon of manicon of flower
Stylosanthes biflora is a PERENNIAL growing to 0.5 m (1ft 8in) by 0.5 m (1ft 8in) at a fast rate.
See above for USDA hardiness. It is hardy to UK zone 5. The flowers are pollinated by Bees.
It can fix Nitrogen.
It is noted for attracting wildlife.
Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils, prefers well-drained soil and can grow in nutritionally poor soil. Suitable pH: mildly acid and neutral soils. It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade. It prefers dry or moist soil and can tolerate drought.

UK Hardiness Map US Hardiness Map

Synonyms

Arachis aprica Walter S. biflora var. elatior (L.) Kuntze. S. biflora var. guianensis (Aubl.) Kuntze. S. biflora var. hispidissima Mohr. S. biflora var. hispidissima Pollard & Ball. S. elatior Sw. S. elatior var. hispidissima Torr. & A.Gray. S. floridana S.F.Blake. S. hispida Michx. S. hispida var. hispidissima Michx. S. hispida var. nudiuscula Michx. S. hispida var. procumbens Pursh. S. riparia Kearney. S. riparia var. setifera Fernald. Trifolium biflorum L.

Habitats

Edible Uses

None Known

References   More on Edible Uses

Medicinal Uses

Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.


None known

References   More on Medicinal Uses

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Other Uses

Nitrogen fixer. Invertebrates shelter: beneficial for insects and other arthropods [1-2]. The foliage is highly palatable to hoofed mammalian herbivores (Banta & Thro, 1995).

Special Uses

Attracts Wildlife  Food Forest  Nitrogen Fixer

References   More on Other Uses

Cultivation details

Prefers full or partial sun, mesic (environment or habitat containing a moderate amount of moisture) to dry conditions, and a somewhat acidic infertile soil where there is reduced competition from other kinds of ground vegetation [1-6]. Bloom Color: Yellow. Bloom Time: May to Sep. For polyculture design as well as the above-ground architecture (form - tree, shrub etc. and size shown above) information on the habit and root pattern is also useful and given here if available. The plant growth habit is a clumper with limited spread [1-2].

References   Carbon Farming Information and Carbon Sequestration Information

Temperature Converter

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Propagation

Seed

Other Names

If available other names are mentioned here

Sidebeak Pencilflower, Stylosanthes Species, Pencil Flower

Native Plant Search

Search over 900 plants ideal for food forests and permaculture gardens. Filter to search native plants to your area. The plants selected are the plants in our book 'Plants For Your Food Forest: 500 Plants for Temperate Food Forests and Permaculture Gardens, as well as plants chosen for our forthcoming related books for Tropical/Hot Wet Climates and Mediterranean/Hot Dry Climates. Native Plant Search

Found In

Countries where the plant has been found are listed here if the information is available

Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

None Known

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status : Not Listed.

Related Plants
Latin NameCommon NameHabitHeightHardinessGrowthSoilShadeMoistureEdibleMedicinalOther
Stylosanthes guianensisEstiloPerennial1.2 10-12 FLMHNDM004

Growth: S = slow M = medium F = fast. Soil: L = light (sandy) M = medium H = heavy (clay). pH: A = acid N = neutral B = basic (alkaline). Shade: F = full shade S = semi-shade N = no shade. Moisture: D = dry M = Moist We = wet Wa = water.

 

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Author

(L.) Britton & al.

Botanical References

Links / References

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