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Spiraea tomentosa - L.

Common Name Hardhack, Steeplebush
Family Rosaceae
USDA hardiness 3-7
Known Hazards None known
Habitats Fields and pastures in N. America[222]. Swamps and low ground[235].
Range N. and C. Europe. Eastern N. America - Nova Scotia to Manitoba, south to Georgia and Kansas.
Edibility Rating    (0 of 5)
Other Uses    (0 of 5)
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating    (2 of 5)
Care (info)
Fully Hardy Moist Soil Semi-shade Full sun
Spiraea tomentosa Hardhack, Steeplebush


http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Spiraea_tomentosa,_by_Mary_Vaux_Walcott.jpg
Spiraea tomentosa Hardhack, Steeplebush
http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/User:Stevenj

 

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Summary


Physical Characteristics

 icon of manicon of shrub
Spiraea tomentosa is a deciduous Shrub growing to 1.5 m (5ft).
See above for USDA hardiness. It is hardy to UK zone 3. It is in flower from July to August. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Insects.
Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils. Suitable pH: mildly acid, neutral and basic (mildly alkaline) soils. It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade. It prefers moist soil.

UK Hardiness Map US Hardiness Map

Synonyms

Spiraea tomentosa var. rosea. Spiraea tomentosa var. tomentosa

Habitats

Woodland Garden Sunny Edge; Dappled Shade;

Edible Uses

None known

References   More on Edible Uses

Medicinal Uses

Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.
Astringent  Birthing aid  Diuretic  Dysentery  Tonic

The flowers give feebly the medicinal action of salicylic acid (aspirin) and are used in decoction for their diuretic and tonic effect[4]. An infusion of the flowers is used as an astringent[207]. An infusion of the leaves can be used in the treatment of dysentery[257]. An infusion of the flowers and the leaves has been used to counteract the sickness of pregnancy and also to facilitate childbirth[257]. The roots are astringent and have been used in the treatment of diarrhoea[4, 207]. An infusion of the leaves is also used[4, 213].

References   More on Medicinal Uses

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Other Uses

None known

Special Uses

References   More on Other Uses

Cultivation details

Tolerates most soils[200], but prefers a good loamy soil, abundant moisture and full sunlight[11, 200]. A vigorous plant, spreading by subterranean suckers and forming thickets[200]. Closely related to S. douglasii[11]. Hybridizes freely with other members of this genus[11].

References   Carbon Farming Information and Carbon Sequestration Information

Temperature Converter

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Propagation

Seed - we have no information for this species but suggest sowing the seed as soon as it is ripe in a cold frame if possible. It is likely to require stratification before it germinates, so stored seed should be sown in a cold frame as early in the year as you receive it. Prick out the seedlings into individual pots when they are large enough to handle, and grow them on in a cold frame for their first winter. Plant them out in late spring or early summer of the following year. Cuttings of half-ripe wood, July/August in a light sandy soil a frame. Cuttings of mature wood of the current seasons growth, 15cm long, October/November in an outdoor frame[200]. Another report says that September is a good time to do this[11]. Division of suckers in early spring[200]. They can be planted out straight into their permanent positions.

Other Names

If available other names are mentioned here

Found In

Countries where the plant has been found are listed here if the information is available

Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status :

Related Plants
Latin NameCommon NameHabitHeightHardinessGrowthSoilShadeMoistureEdibleMedicinalOther
Holodiscus dumosusRock SpiraeaShrub4.5 4-8  LMHSNDM11 
Sorbaria sorbifoliafalse spiraeaShrub1.8 2-7 FLMHSNM10 
Spiraea albaWhite MeadowsweetShrub1.5 5-9  LMHSNM11 
Spiraea betulifolia aemiliana Shrub0.3 4-8  LMHNM10 
Spiraea blumei Shrub1.5 5-9  LMHSNM10 
Spiraea canescens Shrub3.0 4-8  LMHSNM002
Spiraea douglasiiSteeplebush, Rose spirea, Menzies' spireaShrub2.5 4-8  LMHSNM011
Spiraea henryi Shrub3.0 5-9  LMHNM10 
Spiraea hirsuta Shrub1.5 -  LMHNM10 
Spiraea japonicaJapanese Spiraea, Japanese meadowsweetShrub1.5 4-8  LMHSNM003
Spiraea nervosa angustifolia Shrub1.5 5-9  LMHNM10 
Spiraea prunifoliaBridalwreath SpiraeaShrub2.5 4-8 MLMHSNM11 
Spiraea pyramidataSpireaShrub1.0 5-9  LMHSNM11 
Spiraea salicifoliaBridewort, Willowleaf meadowsweetShrub1.8 4-8  LMHSNM111
Spiraea thunbergiiThunberg's meadowsweet, Thunberg SpireaShrub1.5 4-8 MLMHSNM003
Spiraea x argutaGarland SpiraeaShrub2.5 4-8  LMHSNM003

Growth: S = slow M = medium F = fast. Soil: L = light (sandy) M = medium H = heavy (clay). pH: A = acid N = neutral B = basic (alkaline). Shade: F = full shade S = semi-shade N = no shade. Moisture: D = dry M = Moist We = wet Wa = water.

 

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Botanical References

200

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