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Solidago odora - Aiton.

Common Name Sweet Goldenrod, Anisescented goldenrod, Chapman's goldenrod
Family Asteraceae or Compositae
USDA hardiness 3-7
Known Hazards None known
Habitats Dry sterile soil or thin woodlands[43]. Woods and roadsides in Texas[274].
Range Eastern N. America - New Hampshire to Florida, west to Texas and Oklahoma.
Edibility Rating    (2 of 5)
Other Uses    (2 of 5)
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating    (2 of 5)
Care
Fully Hardy Well drained soil Moist Soil Semi-shade Full sun
Solidago odora Sweet Goldenrod, Anisescented goldenrod, Chapman


USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913. Illustrated flora of the northern states and Canada. Vol. 3: 389
Solidago odora Sweet Goldenrod, Anisescented goldenrod, Chapman
James H. Miller @ USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / James H. Miller and Karl V. Miller. 2005. Forest plants of the southeast and their wildlife uses. University of Georgia Press., Athens.

 

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Summary


Physical Characteristics

 icon of manicon of flower
Solidago odora is a PERENNIAL growing to 1.2 m (4ft).
It is hardy to zone (UK) 3. It is in flower from July to August. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Insects.
It is noted for attracting wildlife.
Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils, prefers well-drained soil and can grow in heavy clay and nutritionally poor soils. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade. It prefers dry or moist soil.

UK Hardiness Map US Hardiness Map

Synonyms

Habitats

Woodland Garden Sunny Edge; Dappled Shade; Cultivated Beds;

Edible Uses

Edible Parts: Leaves  Seed
Edible Uses: Condiment  Tea

Leaves - cooked[177]. Seed[177]. No more details are given but the seed is very small and fiddly to harvest[K]. An aromatic, anise-flavoured tea is made from the dried leaves and dried fully expanded flowers[21, 55, 95, 183]. The blossoms are used as a flavouring[102].

Medicinal Uses

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Antiseptic  Aperient  Astringent  Carminative  Diaphoretic  Diuretic  Febrifuge  Stimulant  
Tonic

An infusion of the dried powdered herb is antiseptic[168]. The leaves make a very pleasant-tasting tea that is mildly astringent, carminative, diaphoretic, diuretic, febrifuge and stimulant[21, 95, 207, 222, 257]. It is useful in the treatment of coughs and colds, dysentery and ulceration of the intestines[4, 257]. The essential oil has been used as a diuretic for infants, as a local application for headaches and for the treatment of flatulence and vomiting[4]. The flowers are aperient, astringent and tonic[4]. An infusion is beneficial in the treatment of gravel, urinary obstruction and simple dropsy[4]. The root can be chewed as a treatment for sore mouths[257].

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Other Uses

Dye  Essential

An anise-scented essential oil is obtained from the plant[61]. It is used medicinally[207] and in perfumery - especially for scenting soaps[245]. Mustard, orange and brown dyes can be obtained from the whole plant[168].

Special Uses

Attracts Wildlife  Food Forest  Scented Plants

Cultivation details

Succeeds in any moderately fertile moisture retentive soil in sun or semi-shade[200]. Tolerant of very poor sandy soils[200]. Grows well in heavy clay soils. A rather greedy plant, it is apt to impoverish the soil[1]. The bruised leaves have a smell like a mixture of sassafras and aniseed[245]. The plant attracts various beneficial insects such as ladybirds, lacewings and hoverflies to the garden, these insects will help to control insect pests in the garden[201, 238]. For polyculture design as well as the above-ground architecture (form - tree, shrub etc. and size shown above) information on the habit and root pattern is also useful and given here if available. The plant growth habit is a clumper with limited spread [1-2]. The root pattern is fibrous dividing into a large number of fine roots [1-2].

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Propagation

Seed - sow spring in a cold frame. Only just cover the seed and do not allow the compost to become dry. Prick out the seedlings into individual pots when they are large enough to handle, and grow them on for their first winter in pots. Plant them out into their permanent positions in spring or early summer. Division in spring or autumn. Larger divisions can be planted out direct into their permanent positions. We have found it best to pot up the smaller divisions and grow them on in a lightly shaded position in a cold frame, planting them out once they are well established in the summer.

Other Names

If available other names are mentioned here

Found In

Countries where the plant has been found are listed here if the information is available

Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status :

Related Plants
Latin NameCommon NameHabitHeightHardinessGrowthSoilShadeMoistureEdibleMedicinalOther
Solidago canadensisCanadian Goldenrod, Shorthair goldenrod, Harger's goldenrod, Rough Canada goldenrod, Common GoldenroPerennial1.8 5-10 MLMHSNM220
Solidago canadensis scabraCanadian GoldenrodPerennial1.8 3-7  LMHSNM22 
Solidago fistulosaPine barren goldenrodPerennial1.8 0-0  LMHSNM01 
Solidago flexicaulisZigzag goldenrodPerennial0.6 3-9 MLMHFSNDM003
Solidago giganteaGiant GoldenrodPerennial1.2 5-9  LMHSNM02 
Solidago graminifoliaFlat-Topped GoldenrodPerennial1.5 3-7  LMHSNM11 
Solidago japonica Perennial0.0 -  LMHSNM11 
Solidago leavenworthiiLeavenworth's goldenrodPerennial1.2 -  LMHSNM01 
Solidago missouriensisPrairie Goldenrod, Missouri goldenrod, Tolmie's goldenrodPerennial1.2 6-9  LMHSNDM211
Solidago nemoralisOld-Field Goldenrod, Gray goldenrodPerennial0.3 0-0  LMHSNDM11 
Solidago radiata  0.0 -  LMHSNM11 
Solidago rigidaStiff Goldenrod, Flat Topped Goldenrod, Stiff GoldenrodPerennial1.2 3-9 FLMHSNM02 
Solidago spathulataCoast Goldenrod, Creeping GoldenrodPerennial0.6 4-9 FLMHSNM11 
Solidago spectabilisNevada GoldenrodPerennial0.5 6-9  LMHSNM11 
Solidago suaveolensanisescented goldenrodPerennial0.0 -  LMHSNM11 
Solidago virgaureaGoldenrodPerennial0.6 4-8  LMHSNDM13 

Growth: S = slow M = medium F = fast. Soil: L = light (sandy) M = medium H = heavy (clay). pH: A = acid N = neutral B = basic (alkaline). Shade: F = full shade S = semi-shade N = no shade. Moisture: D = dry M = Moist We = wet Wa = water.

 

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