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Smilax hispida - Muhl.

Common Name Hag Briar
Family Smilacaceae
USDA hardiness 4-8
Known Hazards None known
Habitats Rich, often calcareous, soils in woods, thickets and bottoms[43].
Range Eastern and Central N. America - Connecticut to Ontario, Minnesota, Nebraska, N. Carolina and Texas.
Edibility Rating    (2 of 5)
Other Uses    (0 of 5)
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating    (2 of 5)
Care
Fully Hardy Moist Soil Semi-shade Full sun
Smilax hispida Hag Briar


http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/User:IvanTortuga
Smilax hispida Hag Briar
USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / USDA NRCS. Wetland flora: Field office illustrated guide to plant species. USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service.

 

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Summary


Physical Characteristics

 icon of manicon of climber
Smilax hispida is a deciduous Climber growing to 15 m (49ft 3in).
It is hardy to zone (UK) 5. It is in flower in June. The species is dioecious (individual flowers are either male or female, but only one sex is to be found on any one plant so both male and female plants must be grown if seed is required). . The plant is not self-fertile.
Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils and can grow in very alkaline soils.
It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade. It prefers moist soil.

Synonyms

S. tamnoides hispida.

Habitats

Woodland Garden Sunny Edge; Dappled Shade; Shady Edge;

Edible Uses

Edible Parts: Leaves;  Root.
Edible Uses:

Leaves and young shoots - raw or cooked[102]. Root - cooked. It can be dried, ground into a powder and then used with cereals for making bread etc[2, 62, 102]. It can also be used as a gelatine substitute[2, 62, 102].

Medicinal Uses



Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.

Birthing aid;  Poultice;  Rubefacient.

The stem prickles have been rubbed on the skin as a counter-irritant to relieve localised pains, muscle cramps and twitching[222]. A tea made from the leaves and stems has been used in the treatment of rheumatism and stomach problems[222]. The wilted leaves are applied as a poultice to boils[222]. A tea made from the roots is used to help the expelling of afterbirth[222]. Reports that the roots contain the hormone testosterone have not been confirmed, they might contain steroid precursors, however[222].

Other Uses

None known

Cultivation details

Succeeds in most soils in sun or semi-shade[200]. Plants are hardy to about -15°c[200]. A very ornamental plant[1], it thrives in Britain[11]. Dioecious. Male and female plants must be grown if seed is required.

Propagation

Seed - sow March in a warm greenhouse[1]. This note probably refers to the tropical members of the genus, seeds of plants from cooler areas seem to require a period of cold stratification, some species taking 2 or more years to germinate[K]. We sow the seed of temperate species in a cold frame as soon as we receive it, and would sow the seed as soon as it is ripe if we could obtain it then[K]. When the seedlings eventually germinate, prick them out into individual pots when they are large enough to handle and grow them on in the greenhouse for at least their first year, though we normally grow them on in pots for 2 years. Plant them out into their permanent positions in early summer. Division in early spring as new growth begins[238]. Larger divisions can be planted out direct into their permanent positions. We have found it best to pot up the smaller divisions and grow them on in a lightly shaded position in a cold frame, planting them out once they are well established in the summer. Cuttings of half-ripe shoots, July in a frame[238].

Other Names

If available other names are mentioned here

Found In

Countries where the plant has been found are listed here if the information is available

Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status :

Related Plants
Latin NameCommon NameEdibility RatingMedicinal Rating
Smilax aristolochiifoliaMexican Sarsaparilla24
Smilax asperaSarsaparilla, Rough bindweed33
Smilax auriculataEarleaf Greenbrier22
Smilax bona-noxGreenbriar, Saw greenbrier, Dunes saw greenbrier32
Smilax chinaChina Root43
Smilax cordifolia 10
Smilax discotis 10
Smilax febrifugaEcuadorian Sarsaparilla34
Smilax glabratufuling23
Smilax glaucaCat Greenbrier22
Smilax glyciphyllaSarsparilla11
Smilax herbaceaCarrion Flower, Smooth carrionflower41
Smilax lanceifolia 21
Smilax laurifoliaLaurel Greenbrier32
Smilax nipponica 32
Smilax officinalisHonduran sarsaparilla24
Smilax pseudochinaFalse China Root32
Smilax riparia 20
Smilax rotundifoliaHorse Brier, Roundleaf greenbrier, Brambles32
Smilax sieboldii 10
Smilax tamnoidesBristly Greenbrier22
Smilax trinervula 10

 

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Expert comment

Author

Muhl.

Botanical References

1143200

Links / References

For a list of references used on this page please go here

Readers comment

diane welsh   Sun Dec 31 2006

i transplanted a plant last summer, dug the large bulb and moved it to an area under my new constructed arbor. It has stayed green but has not grown at all. It is planted under slate. What is the problem with moving a plant?

Ken Fern, Plants for a Future   Tue Jan 2 2007

Diane, the most likely reason I can think of for the problem with moving this plant is the fact that you moved it in summer. Generally, it is better to move plants when they are dormant. It could simply be that the plant decided not to grow any more after the transplant, instead saving its energy for next year. The fact that the plant has remained green supports this view and, with luck, it will burst into growth with the warmer weather.

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Subject : Smilax hispida  
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