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Setaria viridis - (L.)P.Beauv.

Common Name Green Bristle Grass
Family Poaceae or Gramineae
USDA hardiness 5-9
Known Hazards None known
Habitats Dry places and cultivated ground[89]. Mountain slopes, roadsides and grassy waste places throughout most of China[266].
Range Europe to E. Asia - Japan. A casual in Britain[17].
Edibility Rating    (2 of 5)
Other Uses    (0 of 5)
Weed Potential Yes
Medicinal Rating    (2 of 5)
Care (info)
Fully Hardy Well drained soil Moist Soil Full sun
Setaria viridis Green Bristle Grass


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Setaria viridis Green Bristle Grass

 

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Summary


Physical Characteristics

 icon of manicon of flower
Setaria viridis is a ANNUAL growing to 0.5 m (1ft 8in) by 0.1 m (0ft 4in).
It is hardy to zone (UK) 6. It is in flower from August to October, and the seeds ripen from September to October. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Wind.
Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and prefers well-drained soil. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It cannot grow in the shade. It prefers dry or moist soil and can tolerate drought.

UK Hardiness Map US Hardiness Map

Synonyms

Habitats

 Cultivated Beds;

Edible Uses

Edible Parts: Seed
Edible Uses: Coffee

Seed[105]. Small[159]. It is used in the same ways as rice or millet, either boiled, roasted or ground into a flour[183]. The seed (roasted?) is said to be a coffee substitute.

References

Medicinal Uses

Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.
Diuretic  Emollient  Febrifuge  Poultice  Tonic

The seed is diuretic, emollient, febrifuge, refrigerant and tonic[218]. The plant is crushed and mixed with water then used as an external application in the treatment of bruises[240].

References

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An important new book from PFAF. It focuses on the attributes of plants suitable for food forests, what each can contribute to a food forest ecosystem, including carbon sequestration, and the kinds of foods they yield. The book suggests that community and small-scale food forests can provide a real alternative to intensive industrialised agriculture, and help to combat the many inter-related environmental crises that threaten the very future of life on Earth.

Read More

FOOD FOREST PLANTS

Other Uses

None known

Special Uses

References

Cultivation details

Succeeds in any well-drained soil in full sun[200].

References

Temperature Converter

Type a value in the Celsius field to convert the value to Fahrenheit:

Fahrenheit:

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Propagation

Seed - sow early spring in a greenhouse and only just cover the seed. Germination is usually quick and good. Prick out the seedlings into individual pots as soon as they are large enough to handle and grow them on fast. Plant them out in late spring, after the last expected frosts. Whilst this is fine for small quantities, it would be an extremely labour intensive method if larger amounts were to be grown. The seed can be sown in situ in the middle of spring though it is then later in coming into flower and may not ripen its seed in a cool summer.

Other Names

If available other names are mentioned here

Found In

Countries where the plant has been found are listed here if the information is available

Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status :

Related Plants
Latin NameCommon NameHabitHeightHardinessGrowthSoilShadeMoistureEdibleMedicinalOther
Setaria italicaFoxtail MilletAnnual0.5 10-12  LMHNM422
Setaria palmifoliaHighland Pitpit. Palm GrassPerennial3.0 10-12 FLMHSNM321
Setaria pumilaYellow Bristle Grass, Yellow foxtail, Cattail grassAnnual0.8 5-9  LMHNM200
Setaria viridis pycnocoma Annual0.8 5-9  LMHNM20 

Growth: S = slow M = medium F = fast. Soil: L = light (sandy) M = medium H = heavy (clay). pH: A = acid N = neutral B = basic (alkaline). Shade: F = full shade S = semi-shade N = no shade. Moisture: D = dry M = Moist We = wet Wa = water.

 

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Expert comment

Author

(L.)P.Beauv.

Botanical References

89200266

Links / References

For a list of references used on this page please go here

Readers comment

Dr. Jadranka Rogan   Fri Sep 12 2008

Please be kind to indicate a selective herbicide for setaria viridis which would not affect normal lawn grass growth

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