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Scutellaria galericulata - L.

Common Name Common Skullcap, Marsh skullcap
Family Lamiaceae or Labiatae
USDA hardiness 4-8
Known Hazards None known
Habitats Moist acid or calcareous soils on the edges of streams, in water meadows and fens, ascending to 360 metres in Britain[4, 17].
Range Europe, including Britain, south and east from Scandanavia to Spain, north and west Asia.
Edibility Rating    (0 of 5)
Other Uses    (0 of 5)
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating    (3 of 5)
Care
Fully Hardy Moist Soil Full sun
Scutellaria galericulata Common Skullcap, Marsh skullcap


http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:266_Scutellaria_galericulata_L.jpg
Scutellaria galericulata Common Skullcap, Marsh skullcap
http://lt.wikipedia.org/wiki/Naudotojas:Algirdas

 

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Summary


Physical Characteristics

 icon of manicon of flower
Scutellaria galericulata is a PERENNIAL growing to 0.5 m (1ft 8in).
It is hardy to zone (UK) 5 and is not frost tender. It is in flower from June to September, and the seeds ripen from July to September. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Bees, flies.
Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It cannot grow in the shade. It prefers moist soil.

Synonyms

Habitats

 Cultivated Beds;

Edible Uses

None known

Medicinal Uses



Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.

Antiinflammatory;  Antispasmodic;  Astringent;  Febrifuge;  Nervine;  Tonic.

The herb is anti-inflammatory, antispasmodic, slightly astringent, febrifuge, nervine and strongly tonic[4, 9, 165]. In the home an infusion is sometimes used in the treatment of throat infections[9]. The plant is harvested in the summer as it comes into flower and can be dried for later use[9]. This plant is rarely if ever used in herbal medicine[9], though it is said to have the same applications as S. lateriflora[238]. These applications are:- Skullcap was traditionally used in the treatment of a wide range of nervous conditions including epilepsy, insomnia, anxiety, delirium tremens, withdrawal from barbiturates and tranquillisers, and neuralgia[222, 238]. An infusion of the plant has been used to promote suppressed menstruation[213], it should not be given to pregnant women since it can induce a miscarriage[238]. This plant should be used with some caution since in excess it causes giddiness, stupor, confusion and twitching[238].

Other Uses

None known

Cultivation details

Succeeds in a sunny position in any ordinary garden soil that does not dry out during the growing season[200].

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Propagation

Seed - sow in situ outdoors in late spring. If there is only a small quantity of seed it is better to sow it in a pot in a cold frame in early spring. When they are large enough to handle, prick the seedlings out into individual pots and plant them out in the spring. Division in spring just before new growth begins. Very easy, larger divisions can be planted out direct into their permanent positions. We have found it best to pot up the smaller divisions and grow them on in a lightly shaded position in a cold frame, planting them out once they are well established in the summer. Basal cuttings in early summer in a frame. Very easy. Harvest the shoots with plenty of underground stem when they are about 8 - 10cm above the ground. Pot them up into individual pots and keep them in light shade in a cold frame or greenhouse until they are rooting well. Plant them out in the summer.

Other Names

If available other names are mentioned here

Found In

Countries where the plant has been found are listed here if the information is available

Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status :

Related Plants
Latin NameCommon NameEdibility RatingMedicinal Rating
Scutellaria baicalensisBaikal Skullcap - Huang-Qin13
Scutellaria barbataBarbed Skullcap02
Scutellaria indica 11
Scutellaria laterifloraVirginian Skullcap, Blue skullcap03

 

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Expert comment

Author

L.

Botanical References

17200

Links / References

For a list of references used on this page please go here

Readers comment

Dale   Thu Sep 13 2007

1 tsp. infused in boiled,hot water for 15 minutes is one of the best herbal tranquilizers I've used.

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