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Scorzonera hispanica - L.

Common Name Scorzonera
Family Asteraceae or Compositae
USDA hardiness 5-9
Known Hazards None known
Habitats Cultivated ground, rocks and bushy places[50].
Range S. Europe.
Edibility Rating    (4 of 5)
Other Uses    (0 of 5)
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating    (0 of 5)
Care
Fully Hardy Moist Soil Semi-shade Full sun
Scorzonera hispanica Scorzonera


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Scorzonera hispanica Scorzonera
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Summary


Physical Characteristics

 icon of manicon of flower
Scorzonera hispanica is a PERENNIAL growing to 1 m (3ft 3in).
It is hardy to zone (UK) 6 and is not frost tender. It is in flower from June to September, and the seeds ripen from July to September. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Insects.
Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and prefers well-drained soil. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade. It prefers moist soil.

Synonyms

Habitats

 Cultivated Beds;

Edible Uses

Edible Parts: Flowers;  Leaves;  Root.
Edible Uses: Coffee.

Root - cooked[2, 27, 33, 37, 105]. A sweet agreeable flavour[1]. The root is usually eaten at the end of its first year of growth, but it can be grown on for a second year without becoming tough[200]. The root is rich in inulin[46] - this is a starch that is not easily digested by humans and so generally passes straight through the digestive system and is excreted. Inulin can cause flatulence in some people[K]. Leaves - raw[27, 33, 52]. The tender young shoots are usually eaten in early spring[183]. Flower buds - raw[57]. Added to salads[183]. The petals have their own distinctive flavour and can also be added to salads[183]. The roasted root is used as a coffee substitute[183].

Medicinal Uses

Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.



None known

Other Uses

Repellent.

The growing plant is said to repel carrot root fly from carrots growing nearby[18].

Cultivation details

Succeeds in any soil in sun or light shade[200]. Prefers a light soil[37]. Occasionally cultivated for its edible root, there are some named varieties[183].

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Propagation

Seed - sow spring in situ. If the weather is dry, it will be advisable to water the seed in well or germination will be delayed. The seed can also be sown in situ in August. Division in autumn or as growth commences in spring. Larger divisions can be planted out direct into their permanent positions. We have found it best to pot up the smaller divisions and grow them on in a lightly shaded position in a cold frame, planting them out once they are well established in the summer.

Other Names

If available other names are mentioned here

Found In

Countries where the plant has been found are listed here if the information is available

Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status :

Related Plants

 

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Expert comment

Author

L.

Botanical References

50200

Links / References

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Subject : Scorzonera hispanica  
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