We need to raise £10,000 from user donations to get our finances in balance. More >>>

Follow Us:


Sciadopitys verticillata - (Thunb.)Siebold.&Zucc.

Common Name Umbrella Pine, Japanese Umbrella Pine
Family Sciadoptyaceae
USDA hardiness 5-7
Known Hazards None known
Habitats Mountains[58].
Range E. Asia - S. Japan.
Edibility Rating    (0 of 5)
Other Uses    (0 of 5)
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating    (0 of 5)
Fully Hardy Moist Soil Wet Soil Semi-shade Full sun
Sciadopitys verticillata Umbrella Pine, Japanese Umbrella Pine

Sciadopitys verticillata Umbrella Pine, Japanese Umbrella Pine


Translate this page:

You can translate the content of this page by selecting a language in the select box.


Form: Pyramidal.

Physical Characteristics

 icon of manicon of cone
Sciadopitys verticillata is an evergreen Tree growing to 15 m (49ft) by 6 m (19ft) at a medium rate.
It is hardy to zone (UK) 6. It is in leaf all year, in flower in May, and the seeds ripen from October to November. The species is monoecious (individual flowers are either male or female, but both sexes can be found on the same plant) and is pollinated by Wind.
Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils and can grow in very acid soils.
It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade. It prefers moist or wet soil.



Woodland Garden Canopy; Bog Garden;

Edible Uses

Edible Parts: Oil.
Edible Uses: Oil.

None known

Medicinal Uses

Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.

None known

Other Uses

Dye;  Oil;  Varnish;  Wood.

An oil obtained from the wood is used for varnishes and dyes[61]. Wood - soft, elastic, water-resistant. Used for boats etc[46, 61].

Cultivation details

Landscape Uses:Border, Container, Pest tolerant, Screen, Specimen. Prefers a good loamy soil[11]. Grows well near water, tolerating a wet site[81]. Thrives in all conditions except limey soils[81]. It prefers a pH in the range of 4 to 6, and although it will grow at pH 7 or above it becomes chlorotic[200]. Tolerates some shade but prefers an open position in full sun[81]. Dislikes cold or violent winds[1]. Grows best in mild damp areas with warm humid summers[200]. A very hardy plant[11], tolerating temperatures down to about -30°c when it is fully dormant[200]. A slow-growing tree when very young[11, 81]. Some trees have grown slowly but generally they are of moderate growth in Britain, often averaging 30cm a year and increasing their girth by 2.5cm a year[185]. The cones ripen over a period of 2 years[188]. There are two forms of this species, one is shrub-like whilst the other is a tall-growing tree[11]. Plants should be put into their permanent positions as soon as possible in order for them to develop a good root system, plants more than 1 metre tall check badly for a number of years[200]. This species is notably resistant to honey fungus[200]. Special Features: Attractive foliage, Not North American native, Inconspicuous flowers or blooms.


The PFAF Bookshop

Plants For A Future have a number of books available in paperback and digital form. Book titles include Edible Plants, Edible Perennials, Edible Trees, and Woodland Gardening. Our new book to be released soon is Edible Shrubs.

Shop Now


Seed - requires 3 months cold stratification and so it can be sown in a cold frame either as soon as it is ripe in the autumn or in January[113]. Only cover the seed lightly and place the pot in a sunny position[113]. The seed can be difficult to germinate[81]. Prick out the seedlings into individual pots as soon as they are large enough to handle and grow them on in the cold frame for their first winter. Plant them out in late spring or early summer of the following year. The seedlings are very slow-growing and take about 3 years to reach 30cm tall[113] so be sure to mulch them well and perhaps give them some protection such as a tree guard made from a plastic bottle with its top and bottom removed[K].

Other Names

If available other names are mentioned here

Found In

Countries where the plant has been found are listed here if the information is available

Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status :

Related Plants


Print Friendly and PDF

Expert comment



Botanical References


Links / References

For a list of references used on this page please go here

Readers comment

Henry Ettinghausen   Mon Oct 29 2007

How can one limit the size of an umbrella pine tree from first planting? Can one do so by planting in a strong container?

QR Code

What's this?

This is a QR code (short for Quick Response) which gives fast-track access to our website pages. QR Codes are barcodes that can be read by mobile phone (smartphone) cameras. This QR Code is unique to this page. All plant pages have their own unique code. For more information about QR Codes click here.

1. Copy and print the QR code to a plant label, poster, book, website, magazines, newspaper etc and even t-shirts.

2. Smartphone users scan the QR Code which automatically takes them to the webpage the QR Code came from.

3. Smartphone users quickly have information on a plant directly for the pfaf.org website on their phone.

Add a comment

If you have important information about this plant that may help other users please add a comment or link below. Only comments or links that are felt to be directly relevant to a plant will be included. If you think a comment/link or information contained on this page is inaccurate or misleading we would welcome your feedback at admin@pfaf.org. If you have questions about a plant please use the Forum on this website as we do not have the resources to answer questions ourselves.

* Please note: the comments by website users are not necessarily those held by PFAF and may give misleading or inaccurate information.

To leave a comment please Register or login here All comments need to be approved so will not appear immediately.

Subject : Sciadopitys verticillata  
All the information contained in these pages is Copyright (C) Plants For A Future, 1996-2012.
Plants For A Future is a charitable company limited by guarantee, registered in England and Wales. Charity No. 1057719, Company No. 3204567,
Web Design & Management
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons License. Some information cannot be used for commercial reasons or be modified (but some can). Please view the copyright link for more information.