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Sambucus racemosa var. racemosa - L

Common Name Red Coast Elder
Family Caprifoliaceae
USDA hardiness 5-9
Known Hazards Although no specific mention has been seen for this species, the leaves and stems of some members of this genus are poisonous[9, 76]. The fruit of many species (although no records have been seen for this species) has been known to cause stomach upsets to some people. Any toxin the fruit might contain is liable to be of very low toxicity and is destroyed when the fruit is cooked[65, 76].
Habitats River banks in low moist soils from sea-level to 2400 metres[82].
Range Western N. America - Alaska to California.
Edibility Rating    (3 of 5)
Other Uses    (2 of 5)
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating    (2 of 5)
Care
Fully Hardy Moist Soil Semi-shade Full sun
Sambucus racemosa var. racemosa Red Coast Elder


Sambucus racemosa var. racemosa Red Coast Elder

 

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Summary

Sambucus racemosa L. var. racemosa is a name treated in the 1993 Jepson Manual, and includes all of Sambucus callicarpa Greene .


Physical Characteristics

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Sambucus racemosa var. racemosa is a deciduous Shrub growing to 3 m (9ft 10in).
It is hardy to zone (UK) 6. It is in flower from June to July, and the seeds ripen from August to September. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Insects.
Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and can grow in heavy clay soil. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade. It prefers moist soil. The plant can tolerates strong winds but not maritime exposure.
It can tolerate atmospheric pollution.

Synonyms

Sambucus callicarpa. S. racemosa callicarpa. S. racemosa pubens arborescens. (Torr.&Gray.)Gray.

Habitats

Edible Uses

Fruit - raw or cooked[61, 105, 257]. The fruit can be made into jams and preserves[257]. It can also be dried for winter use[118]. The fruit is about 5mm in diameter and is borne in large clusters[200]. Some caution is advised, see notes above on toxicity. Flowers - raw or cooked.

Medicinal Uses

Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.



The leaves are abortifacient, analgesic, oxytocic and poultice[257]. A decoction of the leaves has been used to terminate a pregnancy and can also be taken during labour to ease the birth[257]. An infusion of the leaves has been used as an antiseptic wash on areas affected by blood poisoning[257]. A poultice of the pounded leaves has been applied to abscess and boils and also to sore joints to help reduce the swelling[257]. A poultice of the cooked shoots has been used to alleviate pain[257]. The bark is cathartic[257]. An infusion of the bark has been used in the treatment of coughs and colds[257]. A poultice of the bark has been applied to sore joints to help reduce the swelling[257]. The fruit has been cooked and eaten as a treatment for stomach problems[257].

Other Uses

None known

Cultivation details

Tolerates most soils, including chalk[200], but prefers a moist loamy soil[11, 200]. Grows well in heavy clay soils. Tolerates some shade but is best in a sunny position[1]. Tolerates atmospheric pollution and coastal situations[200]. Plants in this genus are notably resistant to honey fungus[200].

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Propagation

Seed - best sown as soon as it is ripe in the autumn in a cold frame, when it should germinate in early spring. Stored seed can be sown in the spring in a cold frame but will probably germinate better if it is given 2 months warm followed by 2 months cold stratification first[78, 98, 113]. Prick out the seedlings into individual pots when they are large enough to handle. If good growth is made, the young plants can be placed in their permanent positions during the early summer. Otherwise, either put them in a sheltered nursery bed, or keep them in their pots in a sheltered position and plant them out in spring of the following year. Cuttings of half-ripe wood, 7 - 10cm with a heel, July/August in a frame[78]. Cuttings of mature wood of the current season's growth 15 - 20cm with a heel, late autumn in a frame or a sheltered outdoor bed[78].

Other Names

If available other names are mentioned here

Found In

Countries where the plant has been found are listed here if the information is available

Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status :

Related Plants
Latin NameCommon NameEdibility RatingMedicinal Rating
Sambucus australasicaYellow Elderberry20
Sambucus caeruleaBlue Elder42
Sambucus chinensisChinese Elder21
Sambucus ebulusDwarf Elder, Dwarf elderberry12
Sambucus gaudichaudianaWhite Elderberry20
Sambucus javanicaChinese Elder12
Sambucus latipinna 10
Sambucus melanocarpaBlack Elder, Rocky Mountain elder22
Sambucus mexicanaMexican Elder21
Sambucus microbotrysRed Elder10
Sambucus nigraElderberry - European Elder, Black elderberry, American black elderberry, Blue elderberry, Europea43
Sambucus nigra spp canadensisAmerican Elder43
Sambucus pubensAmerican Red Elder31
Sambucus racemosaRed Elder, Red elderberry, Rocky Mountain elder, European Red Elderberry32
Sambucus racemosa kamtschaticaRed Elder32
Sambucus racemosa sieboldiana 10
Sambucus wightianaElder02
Sambucus williamsii 12

 

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Subject : Sambucus racemosa var. racemosa  
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