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Saccharum - Various

Common Name Energy Cane
Family Poaceae
USDA hardiness 8-12
Known Hazards Sugarcane production has probably caused more biodiversity loss than any other crop [1-1].
Habitats Originated in cultivation.
Range Not known as a wild plant. Hybrid of Asian species.
Edibility Rating    (4 of 5)
Other Uses    (4 of 5)
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating    (2 of 5)
Care (info)
Tender Moist Soil Wet Soil Full sun
Saccharum Energy Cane

Saccharum Energy Cane


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Sugarcane production has probably caused more biodiversity loss than any other crop. "Noble" cane types are optimized for sugar production while Energy cane types have three times the fiber for use as biofuel. Many energy canes are the result of crosses with biomass grasses like Miscanthus, raising the interesting possibility of cold-tolerant sugarcane [1-1].

Physical Characteristics

 icon of manicon of flower
Saccharum is a PERENNIAL growing to 6 m (19ft) by 1.5 m (5ft) at a fast rate.
It is hardy to zone (UK) 10.
It can fix Nitrogen.
Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils and can grow in very acid and saline soils.
It cannot grow in the shade. It prefers moist or wet soil.

UK Hardiness Map US Hardiness Map


No synonyms are recorded for this name.


Edible Uses

Carbon Farming Solutions - Staple Crop: sugar (The term staple crop typically refers to a food that is eaten routinely and accounts for a dominant part of people's diets in a particular region of the world) [1-1].


Medicinal Uses

Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.

Possible. See individual species.


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Other Uses

Carbon Farming Solutions - Industrial Crop: biomass (Crops grown for non-food uses. Industrial crops provide resources in three main categories: materials, chemicals, and energy. Traditional materials include lumber and thatch, paper and cardboard, and textiles) [1-1]. "Noble" cane types are optimized for sugar production while Energy cane types have three times the fiber for use as biofuel. Many energy canes are the result of crosses with biomass grasses like Miscanthus, raising the interesting possibility of cold-tolerant sugarcane [1-1]. Fodder: bank.

Special Uses


Cultivation details

Climate: subtropical to tropical. Humidity: humid. Carbon Farming Solutions - Cultivation: new crop. Management: hay (Describes the non-destructive management systems that are used in cultivation) [1-1]. Need not be grown in large monocultures as is common in homegardens around the world [1-1]. Global sugarcane biomass yields averaged 70.2t/ha in 2012 [1-1]. Sugarcane and energy cane breeding is active and ongoing including GMO types.


Temperature Converter

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Seed - Cuttings, consisting of 2 - 3 joints of the upper part of a stem that has been selected from a vigorous, healthy plant. They are placed in the ground with only 2 - 5cm of the cutting projecting above the surface. In about two weeks from planting the 'eyes' at each node will send forth shoots, and roots will grow from the nodes themselves. As the shoots develop, the parent stem decays and the young plants produce roots of their own[459 ].

Other Names

If available other names are mentioned here

Sugarcane hybrids, Energy Cane, Energy Cane hybrids

Found In

Countries where the plant has been found are listed here if the information is available

Subtropical to tropical areas.

Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

None Known

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status : This taxon has not yet been assessed

Related Plants
Latin NameCommon NameHabitHeightHardinessGrowthSoilShadeMoistureEdibleMedicinalOther
Acer saccharumSugar Maple, Florida Maple, Hard Maple, Rock MapleTree30.0 4-8 SLMHSNM424
Acer saccharum grandidentatumBig-Tooth Maple, Canyon Maple, Rocky Mountain Sugar MapleTree12.0 5-8  LMHSNM40 
Acer saccharum nigrumBlack MapleTree25.0 4-6 SLMHSNM412
Saccharum hybridsEnergy CanePerennial6.0 8-12 FLMHNMWe424
Saccharum officinarumSugarcane, Purple Sugar CanePerennial6.0 8-12 FLMHNMWe423

Growth: S = slow M = medium F = fast. Soil: L = light (sandy) M = medium H = heavy (clay). pH: A = acid N = neutral B = basic (alkaline). Shade: F = full shade S = semi-shade N = no shade. Moisture: D = dry M = Moist We = wet Wa = water.


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Subject : Saccharum  
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