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Rubus ellipticus - Sm.

Common Name Golden Evergreen Raspberry, Yellow Himalayan raspberry
Family Rosaceae
USDA hardiness 7-10
Known Hazards None known
Habitats Shrubberies and open hillsides, to 2300 metres in the Himalayas[51]. Dry slopes, montane valleys, sparse forests and thickets at elevations of 1000 - 2600 metres[266].
Range E. Asia - Himalayas from Pakistan to China, also in S. India and Sri Lanka.
Edibility Rating    (4 of 5)
Other Uses    (3 of 5)
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating    (2 of 5)
Frost Hardy Moist Soil Semi-shade Full sun
Rubus ellipticus Golden Evergreen Raspberry,  Yellow Himalayan raspberry

Rubus ellipticus Golden Evergreen Raspberry,  Yellow Himalayan raspberry


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Physical Characteristics

 icon of manicon of shrub
Rubus ellipticus is an evergreen Shrub growing to 4.5 m (14ft 9in).
It is hardy to zone (UK) 8. It is in leaf all year. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Insects.
Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and prefers well-drained soil. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade. It prefers moist soil.



Woodland Garden Sunny Edge; Dappled Shade;

Edible Uses

Edible Parts: Fruit.
Edible Uses:

Fruit - raw or cooked[[46, 51, 183, 272]. A good raspberry-like flavour[146, 158, 183]. Sweet with a pleasant blend of acidity[194]. he golden yellow fruit is about 10mm in diameter[266]. Annual yields from wild plants in the Himalayas are about 750g from a plant occupying 2.5m²[194]. The fruit contains about 10.9% sugars, 1.1% protein, 0.5% ash, 0.55 pectin[194].

Medicinal Uses

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Astringent;  Febrifuge;  Kidney;  Miscellany;  Stomachic.

The plant is astringent and febrifuge[272]. A decoction of the root, combined with Girardinia diversifolia root and the bark of Lagerstroemia parviflora, is used in the treatment of fevers[272]. The juice of the root is used in the treatment of fevers, gastric troubles, diarrhoea and dysentery[272]. A paste of the roots is applied externally to wounds[272]. Both the roots and the young shoots are considered to be a good treatment for colic[272]. The leaf buds, combined with Centella asiatica and Cynodon dactylon, are pounded to a juice and used in the treatment of peptic ulcers[272]. The juice of the fruit is used in the treatment of fever, colic, coughs and sore throat[272]. The inner bark is used in Tibetan medicine, it is said to have a sweet and sour flavour plus a heating potency[241]. A renal tonic and antidiuretic, it is used in the treatment of weakening of the senses, vaginal/seminal discharge, polyuria and micturation during sleep[241].

Other Uses

Dye;  Miscellany;  Soil stabilization.

A purple to dull blue dye is obtained from the fruit[168]. The plant is grown to deter soil erosion and is good for soil conservation[272].

Cultivation details

Easily grown in a good well-drained loamy soil in sun or semi-shade[1, 11, 200]. This species is not very hardy in Britain, but it tolerates some frost and should succeed outdoors in the south and west of the country[200]. Cultivated for its edible fruit in southern U.S.A[46]. The fruit is sold in local markets in the Himalayas[194, 272]. This species has become established and naturalized in some areas of the Andes in S. America, where it is looking as though it could become a serious weed problem. This species is a raspberry with biennial stems, it produces a number of new stems each year from the perennial rootstock, these stems fruit in their second year and then die[200]. Plants in this genus are notably susceptible to honey fungus[200].


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Seed - requires stratification and is best sown in early autumn in a cold frame. Stored seed requires one month stratification at about 3°c and is best sown as early as possible in the year. Prick out the seedlings when they are large enough to handle and grow on in a cold frame. Plant them out into their permanent positions in late spring of the following year. Cuttings of half-ripe wood, July/August in a frame[200]. Tip layering in July. Plant out in autumn. Division in early spring or just before leaf-fall in the autumn[200].

Other Names

If available other names are mentioned here

Aakhre, Aingkushi, Ainselu, Akhe, Akhi, Akhre, Anchhu, Arbei kuning himalaya, Aselu, Batnak, Borjetulipoka, Bunut, Butnak, Cheemullu, Chyaga, Esar, Gouriphal, Hinsalu, Hinsar, Hinure, Hisalu, Hisara, Hishalu, Hmu-tau, Jilyung, Jogiya hisalu, Jotelupoka, Jotelupoka, Kimrupsiang, Leole, Lingsan, Ngushi, Nintcho, Rato aiselu, Shaga, Shiinghoshi, Soh-pero, Subwe, Sumwe, Theimi, Thulo aselu, Titau, Tolu, Tuo yuan xuan gou zi, Yellow raspberry,

Found In

Countries where the plant has been found are listed here if the information is available

Africa, Asia, Australia, Bhutan, China, East Africa, Hawaii, Himalayas, India, Indochina, Indonesia, Jamaica, Laos, Malawi, Myanmar, Nepal, Northeastern India, NW India, Pacific, Pakistan, Philippines, Puerto Rico, SE Asia, Sikkim, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Vietnam,

Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status :

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Rubus acer 10
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Rubus adenotrichusMora Comun20
Rubus affinis 20
Rubus alexeterius 20
Rubus allegheniensisAlleghany Blackberry, Graves' blackberry32
Rubus almusMayes Dewberry, Garden dewberry30
Rubus amabilis 30
Rubus ampelinus 20
Rubus arcticusArctic Bramble, Arctic raspberry, Dwarf raspberry50
Rubus argutusHighbush Blackberry, Sawtooth blackberry21
Rubus arizonicusArizona Dewberry20
Rubus australis 20
Rubus avipes 20
Rubus baileyanusBailey's dewberry20
Rubus barbatus 20
Rubus bellobatusKittatinny Blackberry20
Rubus biflorus 30
Rubus bifronsHimalayan berry, Hybrid European blackberry, Hybrid blackberry10
Rubus bloxamii 20
Rubus buergeri 20
Rubus caesiusDewberry, European dewberry20
Rubus calycinusWild Raspberry10
Rubus canadensisAmerican Dewberry, Smooth blackberry41
Rubus candicans 20
Rubus caucasicus 20
Rubus caudatus 20


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Readers comment

t m   Wed Oct 15 2008

has become naturalized invasive pest in se-qld, australia.

Dave Boehnlein   Sun May 17 2009

Apparently, this Rubus is actually a nitrogen-fixer. No wonder it is so successful at taking over in the right climates. Dave

Sophia Bist   Thu Sep 3 2009

antimicrobial activity of Rubus ellipticus against different pathogens

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