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Rhaphiolepis indica - (L.)Lindl.

Common Name Indian Hawthorn
Family Rosaceae
USDA hardiness 8-11
Known Hazards None known
Habitats Rocky hills[260], slopes, roadsides and streamside thickets at elevations of 100 - 1600 metres[266].
Range E. Asia - S. China from Yunnan eastwards.
Edibility Rating    (1 of 5)
Other Uses    (0 of 5)
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating    (0 of 5)
Care
Frost Hardy Well drained soil Moist Soil Full sun
Rhaphiolepis indica Indian Hawthorn


davesgarden.com
Rhaphiolepis indica Indian Hawthorn
http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/User:Stan_Shebs

 

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Summary

Bloom Color: Pink, White. Main Bloom Time: Early fall, Early spring, Late fall, Late spring, Mid fall, Mid spring. Form: Rounded, Spreading or horizontal.


Physical Characteristics

 icon of manicon of shrub
Rhaphiolepis indica is an evergreen Shrub growing to 1.5 m (5ft) by 2 m (6ft) at a slow rate.
It is hardy to zone (UK) 8. It is in leaf all year, in flower from May to June, and the seeds ripen from August to September. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Insects.
Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and prefers well-drained soil. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It cannot grow in the shade. It prefers dry or moist soil and can tolerate drought.

Synonyms

Crataegus indica.

Habitats

Woodland Garden Sunny Edge; Hedge;

Edible Uses

Edible Parts: Fruit.
Edible Uses:

Fruit. [1, 2, 105]. The fruit is about 8mm in diameter[266]. No more details are given.

Medicinal Uses

Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.



None known

Other Uses

Dye;  Hedge;  Hedge.

Plants can be used for informal hedging in areas that are frost free or almost so[200]. Dark blue, turquoise and purple dyes are obtained from the fruit[168].

Cultivation details

Landscape Uses:Border, Erosion control, Foundation, Ground cover, Massing, Standard, Seashore. Requires a well-drained moisture retentive fertile loam or peaty soil in a warm sheltered sunny position[200]. Tolerates all but the hottest desert climates[184]. A very ornamental plant[1], it is hardier in Britain than is generally supposed, tolerating temperatures down to about -10°c[184]. Plants succeed outdoors in S. Cornwall[11, 49, 59] but are generally best grown on a sunny south-facing wall[11]. Plants do not require pruning[182]. A polymorphic species, there are a number of named varieties selected for their ornamental value[200]. Plants resent root disturbance and so are best grown in pots and then planted out into their permanent positions as soon as possible[200]. Special Features:Not North American native, Fragrant flowers, Attractive flowers or blooms.

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Propagation

Seed - best sown as soon as it is ripe in a shady position in a warm greenhouse[78]. Stored seed should be sown in February/March in a warm greenhouse[78]. Germination is variable[78]. When they are large enough to handle, prick the seedlings out into individual pots and grow them on in the greenhouse for at least their first winter. Plant them out into their permanent positions in late spring or early summer, after the last expected frosts. Cuttings of half-ripe wood, 5cm with a heel, September/October in a frame. Fair percentage[78, 113]. Layering[200].

Other Names

If available other names are mentioned here

Found In

Countries where the plant has been found are listed here if the information is available

Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status :

Related Plants

 

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Expert comment

Author

(L.)Lindl.

Botanical References

11200266

Links / References

For a list of references used on this page please go here

Readers comment

   Fri Jul 15 19:46:41 2005

HAve several plants struggling in zone 7b; bought in pots; perhaps too large and rooted to try to transplant

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Subject : Rhaphiolepis indica  
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