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Raphanus raphanistrum - L.

Common Name Wild Radish
Family Brassicaceae or Cruciferae
USDA hardiness Coming soon
Known Hazards None known
Habitats A weed of fields and pastures[9, 17], usually on sandy non-calcareous soils[13]
Range Europe, including Britain, from Norway south to N. Africa.
Edibility Rating    (2 of 5)
Other Uses    (0 of 5)
Weed Potential Yes
Medicinal Rating    (1 of 5)
Care
Moist Soil Semi-shade Full sun
Raphanus raphanistrum Wild Radish


http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Raphanus_raphanistrum_Sturm40.jpg
Raphanus raphanistrum Wild Radish
http://es.wikipedia.org/wiki/Usuario:Alberto_Salguero

 

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Summary


Physical Characteristics

 icon of manicon of flower
Raphanus raphanistrum is a ANNUAL growing to 1.2 m (4ft).
It is not frost tender. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Bees, flies.
Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade. It prefers moist soil.

Synonyms

Habitats

 Cultivated Beds;

Edible Uses

Edible Parts: Flowers;  Leaves;  Oil;  Seed;  Seedpod.
Edible Uses: Condiment;  Oil.

Young leaves - raw or cooked[2, 105]. A somewhat hot taste, they are finely cut and added to salads or used as a potherb[183]. It is best to use just the young leaves in spring, older leaves soon become bitter[9]. Seed - raw or cooked. A very pungent flavour, the seed can be ground into a powder and made into a paste when it is an excellent substitute for mustard[2, 9, 115, 183]. The sprouted seeds have a somewhat hot spicy flavour and are a tasty addition to salads[183]. Flowers - raw. A nice addition to salads. The flower buds are used as a broccoli substitute, they should be lightly steamed for no more than 5 minutes[9]. Young seedpods - raw. Crisp and juicy, they must be eaten when young because they quickly become tough and fibrous[K]. An edible oil is obtained from the seed[115].

Medicinal Uses



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Antirheumatic.

Antirheumatic[13].

Other Uses

Oil.

None known

Cultivation details

Prefers a rich soil with ample moisture[16, 52]. Dislikes very heavy soils[37]. This plant is a host of an eelworm that attacks cultivated crops[13]. This species is possibly the original source of the cultivated radish, R. sativus[46]. The flowers are very attractive to bees[108].

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Propagation

Seed - sow spring in situ. Germination should take place within 2 weeks.

Other Names

If available other names are mentioned here

Found In

Countries where the plant has been found are listed here if the information is available

Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status :

Related Plants
Latin NameCommon NameEdibility RatingMedicinal Rating
Raphanus landraRadish20
Raphanus maritimaSea Radish20
Raphanus sativusRadish, Cultivated radish43
Raphanus sativus caudatusRat-Tail Radish33
Raphanus sativus nigerOriental Radish43
Raphanus sativus oleiformisFodder Radish33

 

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Expert comment

Author

L.

Botanical References

17

Links / References

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Readers comment

Ana Castro   Tue May 7 14:31:47 2002

The portuguese common name is: Saramago

Stephen Mifsud   Tue Feb 25 11:43:18 2003

Link: Malta Wild Plants Online Database Botanical data, Information and high quality photos

   Thu Apr 21 13:30:46 2005

Harakanheinä = Magpie-hay Harakannauris = Magpie-turnip Istukas = Steckling, Plantlet Koirannnauris = Dog-turnip Linnunnauris = Bird-turnip ... Naurisheinä = Turnip-hay Pamppu = Truncheon Pamppuheinii = Truncheo-hays (dialect) Peldosinappi = Field-mustard Peltokaali = Field-cabbage Pitkäsenkylvö = The sow of lightning (old word for lightning) Pitkäsenpalko = Lightning-pod Pölkkyheinä = Block-hay Reikas Retikka Rietikka Rytkä Rääpäkkä = Radish (different forms) Ukkosennauris = Thunder-turnip ... Villikaali = Wild Cabbage Villinauris = Wild Turnip

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Subject : Raphanus raphanistrum  
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