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Pyrola rotundifolia - L.

Common Name Round-Leaved Wintergreen
Family Pyrolaceae
USDA hardiness 4-8
Known Hazards None known
Habitats Bogs, fens and woods, especially beech woods, often on limestone, and in dune slacks[187]. Avoids acid soils[17].
Range Europe, including Britain, from Iceland south and east to Spain, N. and W. Asia. N. E. N. America.
Edibility Rating    (0 of 5)
Other Uses    (0 of 5)
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating    (2 of 5)
Care
Fully Hardy Moist Soil Full shade Semi-shade Full sun
Pyrola rotundifolia Round-Leaved Wintergreen


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Pyrola rotundifolia Round-Leaved Wintergreen
http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/User:B.gliwa

 

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Summary


Physical Characteristics

 icon of manicon of flower
Pyrola rotundifolia is an evergreen Perennial growing to 0.3 m (1ft) by 0.3 m (1ft in).
It is hardy to zone (UK) 4. It is in leaf all year, in flower from June to September. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Bees, flies. The plant is self-fertile.
Suitable for: light (sandy) and medium (loamy) soils. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It can grow in full shade (deep woodland) semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade. It prefers moist soil.

Synonyms

Habitats

Woodland Garden Dappled Shade; Shady Edge; not Deep Shade; Ground Cover;

Edible Uses

None known

Medicinal Uses



Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.

Antirheumatic;  Antiseptic;  Antispasmodic;  Astringent;  Cardiotonic;  Contraceptive;  Diuretic;  Ophthalmic;  
Skin;  Tonic.

The leaves are antirheumatic, antiseptic, antispasmodic, astringent, cardiotonic, contraceptive, diuretic, poultice, sedative and tonic[4, 9, 46, 172, 176, 218, 222]. A decoction is used in the treatment of skin diseases, as a gargle and a wash for the eyes[4]. It is used internally in the treatment of epilepsy and other nervous afflictions[4]. The leaves are harvested in mid to late summer and can be used fresh or dried[9]. The plant contains arbutin, a proven diuretic and antibacterial agent that is used as a urinary antiseptic, this hydrolyzes in the body into the toxic hydroquinone[222].

Other Uses

Plants can be used as a ground cover when spaced about 30cm apart each way[208]. They are somewhat slow to settle down though, and only form a good cover when they are growing luxuriantly[208].

Cultivation details

Prefers a moist sandy woodland soil[111, 200] in a cool position with partial shade[1, 11, 200]. Requires a peaty or leafy but not very acid soil that remains moist in the summer[31, 187]. Plants are hardy to at least -20°c[187]. This is a very ornamental[1] but difficult plant to grow. It requires a mycorrhizal relationship in the soil and therefore needs to be grown initially in soil collected from around an established plant[200]. It is also very difficult from seed as well as being intolerant of root disturbance which makes division difficult[1]. The flowers have a delicious almond-like fragrance[245].

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Propagation

Seed - the only information we have on this species is that it is difficult from seed and germinates infrequently[200]. We would suggest sowing the seed as soon as it is ripe if this is possible. Sow it into soil collected from around an established plant, only just covering the seed, and put the pot in a shady part of a cold frame. Pot up any young seedlings as soon as they are large enough to handle, once again using soil from around an established plant. Plant out into their permanent positions when the plants are large enough. You should not need to use soil from around an established plant to do this since the soil in the pot will contain the necessary micorrhiza. Division with great care in the spring[1, 111]. Pot up the divisions using some soil from around an established plant, grow on in a lightly shaded part of a greenhouse or frame and do not plant out until the plants are growing away vigorously[200].

Other Names

If available other names are mentioned here

Found In

Countries where the plant has been found are listed here if the information is available

Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status :

Related Plants
Latin NameCommon NameEdibility RatingMedicinal Rating
Chimaphila maculataSpotted Wintergreen, Striped prince's pine, Pipsissewa13
Chimaphila umbellataPipsissewa23
Moneses unifloraSingle Delight12
Orthilia secundaSidebells Wintergreen11
Pterospora andromedeaWoodland Pinedrops11
Pyrola asarifoliaBog Wintergreen, Liverleaf wintergreen, Pink wintergreen01
Pyrola chloranthaGreen-Flowered Wintergreen01
Pyrola ellipticaWaxflower Shinleaf02
Pyrola minorWintergreen, Snowline wintergreen11

 

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Expert comment

Author

L.

Botanical References

17200

Links / References

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Readers comment

Larisa   Thu Aug 23 2007

I am studing medicinal herbs from the family of Pyrolaceae. And I am so much need any inforation about Pyrola, Chimaphyla species. Would you be so kind to help me somehow?I am a postgraduate in Russia

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Subject : Pyrola rotundifolia  
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