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Pyrola chlorantha - Sw.

Common Name Green-Flowered Wintergreen
Family Pyrolaceae
USDA hardiness 4-8
Known Hazards None known
Habitats Moist coniferous woods, 2000 - 3000 metres in Texas[60, 155].
Range Western N. America - Labrador to British Columbia, south to Illinois, Nebraska and Arizona.
Edibility Rating    (0 of 5)
Other Uses    (0 of 5)
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating    (1 of 5)
Care
Fully Hardy Moist Soil Full shade Semi-shade Full sun
Pyrola chlorantha Green-Flowered Wintergreen


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Pyrola chlorantha Green-Flowered Wintergreen
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Summary


Physical Characteristics

 icon of manicon of flower
Pyrola chlorantha is an evergreen Perennial growing to 0.3 m (1ft) by 0.3 m (1ft in).
It is hardy to zone (UK) 5. It is in leaf all year, in flower from June to July. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Insects. The plant is self-fertile.
Suitable for: light (sandy) and medium (loamy) soils. Suitable pH: acid and neutral soils and can grow in very acid soils.
It can grow in full shade (deep woodland) semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade. It prefers moist soil.

UK Hardiness Map US Hardiness Map

Synonyms

P. virens. Schreb.

Habitats

Woodland Garden Dappled Shade; Shady Edge; not Deep Shade;

Edible Uses

None known

Medicinal Uses

Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.
Astringent

The plant is astringent. It has been used in the treatment of menorrhagia, diarrhoea and haemorrhages[155]. It has also been used to treat bloody diarrhoea in children[257].

Other Uses

None known

Cultivation details

Prefers a moist sandy woodland soil[111, 200] in a cool position with partial shade[1, 11, 200]. Requires a peaty or leafy acid soil that remains moist in the summer[200]. This is a very difficult plant to grow. It requires a mycorrhizal relationship in the soil and therefore needs to be grown initially in soil collected from around an established plant[200]. It is also very difficult from seed as well as being intolerant of root disturbance which makes division difficult[1]. This species is extremely rare and endangered in the wild[200].

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Propagation

Seed - the only information we have on this species is that it is difficult from seed and germinates infrequently[200]. We would suggest sowing the seed as soon as it is ripe if this is possible. Sow it into soil collected from around an established plant, only just covering the seed, and put the pot in a shady part of a cold frame. Pot up any young seedlings as soon as they are large enough to handle, once again using soil from around an established plant. Plant out into their permanent positions when the plants are large enough. You should not need to use soil from around an established plant to do this since the soil in the pot will contain the necessary micorrhiza. Division with great care in the spring[1, 111]. Pot up the divisions using some soil from around an established plant, grow on in a lightly shaded part of a greenhouse or frame and do not plant out until the plants are growing away vigorously[200].

Other Names

If available other names are mentioned here

Found In

Countries where the plant has been found are listed here if the information is available

Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status :

Related Plants
Latin NameCommon NameEdibility RatingMedicinal Rating
Chimaphila maculataSpotted Wintergreen, Striped prince's pine, Pipsissewa13
Chimaphila umbellataPipsissewa23
Moneses unifloraSingle Delight12
Orthilia secundaSidebells Wintergreen11
Pterospora andromedeaWoodland Pinedrops11
Pyrola asarifoliaBog Wintergreen, Liverleaf wintergreen, Pink wintergreen01
Pyrola ellipticaWaxflower Shinleaf02
Pyrola minorWintergreen, Snowline wintergreen11
Pyrola rotundifoliaRound-Leaved Wintergreen02

 

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Author

Sw.

Botanical References

60200235

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