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Pyracantha crenato-serrata - (Hance.)Rehder.

Common Name
Family Rosaceae
USDA hardiness 6-9
Known Hazards Although no specific mention has been seen for this species, it belongs to a genus where most, if not all members of the genus produce hydrogen cyanide, a poison that gives almonds their characteristic flavour. This toxin is found mainly in the leaves and seed and is readily detected by its bitter taste. It is usually present in too small a quantity to do any harm but any very bitter seed or fruit should not be eaten. In small quantities, hydrogen cyanide has been shown to stimulate respiration and improve digestion, it is also claimed to be of benefit in the treatment of cancer. In excess, however, it can cause respiratory failure and even death.
Habitats Hillsides, roadsides and waste places[147]. Thickets, streamsides and roadsides at elevations of 500 - 2800 metres[266].
Range E. Asia - N. China.
Edibility Rating    (1 of 5)
Other Uses    (0 of 5)
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating    (1 of 5)
Care (info)
Fully Hardy Moist Soil Semi-shade Full sun
Pyracantha crenato-serrata


http://www.hear.org/starr/
Pyracantha crenato-serrata
http://www.hear.org/starr/Idesia polycarpa

 

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Summary


Physical Characteristics

 icon of manicon of shrub
Pyracantha crenato-serrata is an evergreen Shrub growing to 5 m (16ft 5in).
It is hardy to zone (UK) 7. It is in leaf all year, in flower from June to July, and the seeds ripen from September to December. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Bees.
It is noted for attracting wildlife.
Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils, prefers well-drained soil and can grow in heavy clay soil. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade. It prefers moist soil. The plant can tolerates strong winds but not maritime exposure.
It can tolerate atmospheric pollution.

UK Hardiness Map US Hardiness Map

Synonyms

P. fortuneana. (Maxim.)Li. P. gibbsii yunnanensis. P. yunnanensis. Photinia crenato-serrata.

Habitats

Woodland Garden Sunny Edge; Dappled Shade; Shady Edge;

Edible Uses

Edible Parts: Fruit
Edible Uses:

Fruit[177]. A famine food, it is only used when all else fails[177]. The fruit is about 5mm in diameter[266].

References

Medicinal Uses

Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.
Febrifuge  Poultice

A decoction of the leaves and/or the fruit is used in the treatment of fevers[147, 218]. The fresh leaves are crushed and applied externally to boils and abscesses[147, 218].

References

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An important new book from PFAF. It focuses on the attributes of plants suitable for food forests, what each can contribute to a food forest ecosystem, including carbon sequestration, and the kinds of foods they yield. The book suggests that community and small-scale food forests can provide a real alternative to intensive industrialised agriculture, and help to combat the many inter-related environmental crises that threaten the very future of life on Earth.

Read More

FOOD FOREST PLANTS

Other Uses

None known

Special Uses

Attracts Wildlife

References

Cultivation details

Prefers a good well-drained, moisture retentive loamy soil[1, 200]. Succeeds in any soil that is warm and not very heavy[11]. Another report says that it grows well in heavy clay soils. Succeeds in sun or part shade, though it does not fruit so well in a shady position[200]. Tolerates atmospheric pollution and reasonable exposure[200]. Susceptible to scab and fireblight[11], especially when grown on acid sandy soils[182]. Intolerant of root disturbance except when young[11]. A good bee plant[108]. Birds are particularly attracted to the fruit of this plant[182]. Closely related to P. atalantioides and P. rogersiana[11, 200].

References

Temperature Converter

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The PFAF Bookshop

Plants For A Future have a number of books available in paperback and digital form. Book titles include Edible Plants, Edible Perennials, Edible Trees, and Woodland Gardening. Our new book to be released soon is Edible Shrubs.

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Propagation

Seed - best sown as soon as it is ripe in a cold frame[200]. Remove all the fruit flesh since this can inhibit germination[200]. Stored seed requires 3 months cold stratification, sow it as early in the year as possible in a cold frame[113]. When they are large enough to handle, prick the seedlings out into individual pots and grow them on in the cold frame for their first winter. Plant them out into their permanent positions in late spring or early summer, after the last expected frosts. Cuttings of almost mature wood, 5 - 10cm with a heel, mid-August in a cold frame[78]. Pot up in October or the following spring[78].

Other Names

If available other names are mentioned here

Found In

Countries where the plant has been found are listed here if the information is available

Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status :

Related Plants
Latin NameCommon NameHabitHeightHardinessGrowthSoilShadeMoistureEdibleMedicinalOther
Pyracantha angustifoliaNarrowleaf firethorn, PyracanthaShrub3.0 6-10 FLMHSNM10 
Pyracantha coccineaFirethorn, Scarlet firethorn, Pyracantha, FirethornShrub4.0 6-9 FLMHFSNM10 
Pyracantha crenulataNepalese White Thorn, Nepalese firethornShrub6.0 6-9  LMHSNM11 
Pyracantha koidzumiiFormosa firethornShrub4.0 7-10  LMHSNM10 
Pyracantha rogersiana Shrub3.0 7-10  LMHFSNM00 
Pyracantha 'Wateri' Shrub2.5 -  LMHFSNM00 

Growth: S = slow M = medium F = fast. Soil: L = light (sandy) M = medium H = heavy (clay). pH: A = acid N = neutral B = basic (alkaline). Shade: F = full shade S = semi-shade N = no shade. Moisture: D = dry M = Moist We = wet Wa = water.

 

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Author

(Hance.)Rehder.

Botanical References

11200266

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