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Pycnanthemum virginianum - (L.)T.Durand.&B.D.Jacks. ex B.L.Rob.&Fernald.

Common Name Virginia Mountain Mint
Family Lamiaceae or Labiatae
USDA hardiness 4-8
Known Hazards None known
Habitats Gravelly shores, meadows, dry to wet thickets etc[43].
Range Eastern N. America - Virginia to New England, north to North Dakota.
Edibility Rating    (2 of 5)
Other Uses    (0 of 5)
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating    (2 of 5)
Care
Fully Hardy Well drained soil Moist Soil Semi-shade Full sun
Pycnanthemum virginianum Virginia Mountain Mint


USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913. An illustrated flora of the northern United States, Canada and the British Possessions. Vol. 3: 142.
Pycnanthemum virginianum Virginia Mountain Mint
http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/User:Choess

 

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Summary


Physical Characteristics

 icon of manicon of flower
Pycnanthemum virginianum is a PERENNIAL growing to 1 m (3ft 3in).
It is hardy to zone (UK) 5. It is in flower from August to September. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Insects.
Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade. It prefers dry or moist soil.

UK Hardiness Map US Hardiness Map

Synonyms

Koellia virginiana.

Habitats

Woodland Garden Sunny Edge; Cultivated Beds;

Edible Uses

Edible Parts:
Edible Uses: Condiment  Tea

Flower buds and leaves - raw or cooked. A mint-like flavour, they make a nice addition to salads or can be used as a condiment[61, 161, 183, 238]. The fresh or dried leaves are brewed into a refreshing mint-like tea[183].

Medicinal Uses

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Alterative  Analgesic  Carminative  Diaphoretic  Febrifuge

A tea made from the leaves is alterative, diaphoretic and carminative[222, 257]. A poultice of the leaves is used in the treatment of headaches[222]. The tea is also used in the treatment of menstrual disorders, indigestion, colic, coughs, colds, chills and fevers[222, 238, 257].The flowering stems are cut as flowering begins and they can be used fresh or dried[238]. There is a suggestion that this plant can cause abortions, so it is best not used by pregnant women[257].

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Other Uses

None known

Cultivation details

Succeeds in most soils[1] but prefers a rich loamy soil in full sun or partial shade with plenty of moisture in the growing season[200]. Plants are hardy to at least -15°c[238].

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Propagation

Seed - sow spring or autumn in a cold frame. When they are large enough to handle, prick the seedlings out into individual pots and plant them out in the summer. If there are sufficient seeds they can be sown in an outdoor seedbed in April. Division in spring.

Other Names

If available other names are mentioned here

Found In

Countries where the plant has been found are listed here if the information is available

Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status :

Related Plants
Latin NameCommon NameEdibility RatingMedicinal Rating
Pycnanthemum albescensWhiteleaf Mountain Mint01
Pycnanthemum flexuosumMountain Mint, Appalachian mountainmint12
Pycnanthemum incanumHoary Mountain Mint12
Pycnanthemum muticumCluster Mountain Mint10
Pycnanthemum pilosumMountain Mint, Whorled mountainmint20

 

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Author

(L.)T.Durand.&B.D.Jacks. ex B.L.Rob.&Fernald.

Botanical References

43200235

Links / References

For a list of references used on this page please go here

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