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Pterocarya fraxinifolia - (Poir.)Spach.

Common Name Caucasian Wingnut
Family Juglandaceae
USDA hardiness 6-9
Known Hazards None known
Habitats Mixed woods near rivers in boggy or inundated places[74].
Range W. Asia - Iran and the Caucasus.
Edibility Rating    (1 of 5)
Other Uses    (0 of 5)
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating    (1 of 5)
Care
Fully Hardy Moist Soil Full sun
Pterocarya fraxinifolia Caucasian Wingnut


Pterocarya fraxinifolia Caucasian Wingnut

 

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Summary


Physical Characteristics

 icon of manicon of lolypop
Pterocarya fraxinifolia is a deciduous Tree growing to 30 m (98ft) by 20 m (65ft).
It is hardy to zone (UK) 7 and is not frost tender. It is in flower in June, and the seeds ripen from October to December. The species is monoecious (individual flowers are either male or female, but both sexes can be found on the same plant) and is pollinated by Wind.
Suitable for: medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It cannot grow in the shade. It prefers moist soil.

Synonyms

P. caucasia.

Habitats

Woodland Garden Canopy;

Edible Uses

Edible Parts: Seed.
Edible Uses:

Seed[2, 105]. No more details are given but the seed is very small and would be very fiddly to use[K].

Medicinal Uses



Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.

Diaphoretic.

Diaphoretic[74].

Other Uses

Weaving;  Wood.

The bast from the bark is used for weaving hats etc[74]. Wood - soft, hard to split. Used for matches, shoes etc[46, 61].

Cultivation details

Prefers a sunny position in a rich strong loam with abundant moisture at the roots[11, 200]. Grows well by water[11]. Succeeds in areas that do not experience prolonged winter temperatures below about -12°c[200], but young plants and the young shoots of older trees can be cut back by winter frosts[11]. A very ornamental tree[1], it fruits freely in Britain[11]. The leaves are sweetly resinous[245]. The deeply furrowed bark is aromatic[245]. Produces suckers profusely[98]. Plants in this genus are notably resistant to honey fungus[200].

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Propagation

Seed - best sown as soon as it is ripe in a cold frame[80, 113]. Pre-soak stored seed for 24 hours in warm water[80] then cold stratify for 2 - 3 months[98, 113]. Prick out the seedlings into individual pots as soon as they are large enough to handle and grow them on in the greenhouse for their first winter. Plant them out in late spring or early summer of the following year[240]. Cuttings of half-ripe wood, July/August in a frame[113]. Cuttings of mature shoots, November in a frame. Only use vigorous shoots[113]. Layering. Division of suckers in the dormant season[188].

Other Names

If available other names are mentioned here

Found In

Countries where the plant has been found are listed here if the information is available

Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status :

Related Plants

 

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Expert comment

Author

(Poir.)Spach.

Botanical References

1174200

Links / References

For a list of references used on this page please go here

Readers comment

Sven Maksymiuk   Wed Dec 29 09:08:40 2004

pterocarya fraxinifolia grows well in central Poland where normal winter temperatures are about -20C and sometimes below. It is Zone 6.

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Subject : Pterocarya fraxinifolia  
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