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Prunus campanulata - Maxim.

Common Name Taiwan Cherry
Family Rosaceae
USDA hardiness 7-9
Known Hazards Although no specific mention has been seen for this species, it belongs to a genus where most, if not all members of the genus produce hydrogen cyanide, a poison that gives almonds their characteristic flavour. This toxin is found mainly in the leaves and seed and is readily detected by its bitter taste. It is usually present in too small a quantity to do any harm but any very bitter seed or fruit should not be eaten. In small quantities, hydrogen cyanide has been shown to stimulate respiration and improve digestion, it is also claimed to be of benefit in the treatment of cancer. In excess, however, it can cause respiratory failure and even death.
Habitats Hill forests below 600 metres[260]. Forests in ravines, forest margins at elevations of 100 - 1300 metres[266].
Range E. Asia - S. China, S. Japan.
Edibility Rating    (2 of 5)
Other Uses    (0 of 5)
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating    (1 of 5)
Care
Fully Hardy Moist Soil Semi-shade Full sun
Prunus campanulata Taiwan Cherry


http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/User:Mauroguanandi
Prunus campanulata Taiwan Cherry
http://www.hear.org/starr/

 

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Summary

Bloom Color: Pink. Main Bloom Time: Early spring, Early winter, Late spring, Late winter, Mid spring, Mid winter. Form: Rounded, Vase.


Physical Characteristics

 icon of manicon of lolypop
Prunus campanulata is a deciduous Tree growing to 7 m (23ft) by 7 m (23ft) at a medium rate.
It is hardy to zone (UK) 7. It is in flower from April to May, and the seeds ripen from July to August. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Insects.
Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and prefers well-drained soil. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade. It prefers moist soil.

UK Hardiness Map US Hardiness Map

Synonyms

Habitats

Woodland Garden Sunny Edge;

Edible Uses

Edible Parts: Fruit  Seed
Edible Uses:

Fruit - raw or cooked. A cherry[11], it is edible if the astringency is removed[177]. The fruit is about 11mm in diameter and contains one large seed[200]. Seed - raw or cooked. Do not eat the seed if it is too bitter - see the notes above on toxicity.

Medicinal Uses

Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.


Although no specific mention has been seen for this species, all members of the genus contain amygdalin and prunasin, substances which break down in water to form hydrocyanic acid (cyanide or prussic acid). In small amounts this exceedingly poisonous compound stimulates respiration, improves digestion and gives a sense of well-being[238].

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Other Uses

Dye

A green dye can be obtained from the leaves[168]. A dark grey to green dye can be obtained from the fruit[168].

Special Uses

Cultivation details

Landscape Uses:Specimen. Thrives in a well-drained moisture-retentive loamy soil[11, 200]. Prefers some lime in the soil but is likely to become chlorotic if too much lime is present[1]. Succeeds in sun or partial shade though it fruits better in a sunny position[11, 200]. This species is not very hardy in Britain, though it succeeds outdoors in the milder areas of the country[11]. When fully dormant, it probably tolerates temperatures down to about -10 to -15°c[200]. This species grows well in areas that are too warm for other species of flowering cherries[260]. Most members of this genus are shallow-rooted and will produce suckers if the roots are damaged[238]. A very ornamental plant[1], there are several named varieties[200]. Closely related to P. cerasoides[109]. Plants in this genus are notably susceptible to honey fungus[200]. Special Features:Not North American native, All or parts of this plant are poisonous, Blooms are very showy.

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Propagation

Seed - requires 2 - 3 months cold stratification and is best sown in a cold frame as soon as it is ripe[200]. Sow stored seed in a cold frame as early in the year as possible[200]. Protect the seed from mice etc. The seed can be rather slow, sometimes taking 18 months to germinate[113]. Prick out the seedlings into individual pots when they are large enough to handle. Grow them on in a greenhouse or cold frame for their first winter and plant them out in late spring or early summer of the following year. Cuttings of half-ripe wood with a heel, July/August in a frame[11, 200]. Softwood cuttings from strongly growing plants in spring to early summer in a frame[200]. Layering in spring.

Other Names

If available other names are mentioned here

Found In

Countries where the plant has been found are listed here if the information is available

Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status :

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Prunus cerasus frutescensBush Sour CherryTree1.0 3-7  LMHSNM313
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Author

Maxim.

Botanical References

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Readers comment

sara dalgleish   Tue Mar 15 00:23:44 2005

I live in the northwest of England and can offer the prunus campanulata a sheltered site , Do you think it will survive Where can I buy one from ? Can I grow it in a large tub ?

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