Please donate to support our ‘Plants to Save the Planet’ Project. The Project is directed at enabling designers of ‘carbon farms’ and ‘food forests’: agroecosystems of perennial plants, to choose the most appropriate plants for their requirements and site conditions. We are working on a subset of plants in the PFAF database identified as having the most potential for inclusion in such designs. We are adding search terms and icons to those plants pages, and providing a range of search options aligned to categories of plants and crop yields, with Help facilities including videos. More >>>

Follow Us:

 

Primula elatior - (L.)Hill.

Common Name Oxlip
Family Primulaceae
USDA hardiness 3-7
Known Hazards None known
Habitats Woods and meadows on chalky boulder clay[17, 50].
Range Europe, including Britain, from Sweden to the Alps and S. Russia.
Edibility Rating    (2 of 5)
Other Uses    (0 of 5)
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating    (2 of 5)
Care (info)
Fully Hardy Moist Soil Full shade Semi-shade
Primula elatior Oxlip


http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Primula_spp_Sturm62.jpg
Primula elatior Oxlip
http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/User:XN

 

Translate this page:

Summary


Physical Characteristics

 icon of manicon of flower
Primula elatior is a PERENNIAL growing to 0.3 m (1ft) by 0.2 m (0ft 8in).
It is hardy to zone (UK) 3 and is not frost tender. It is in flower from April to May, and the seeds ripen from July to August. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Bees, Lepidoptera (Moths & Butterflies). The plant is self-fertile.
Suitable for: medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and can grow in heavy clay soil. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils and can grow in very alkaline soils.
It can grow in full shade (deep woodland) or semi-shade (light woodland). It prefers moist soil.

UK Hardiness Map US Hardiness Map

Synonyms

Habitats

Woodland Garden Dappled Shade; Shady Edge; not Deep Shade;

Edible Uses

Edible Parts: Leaves
Edible Uses:

Young leaves - raw or cooked in soups etc[13]. They have a mild flavour and are available in late winter[K].

References

Medicinal Uses

Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.
Diuretic  Expectorant  Miscellany

The root is diuretic and expectorant[9, 13]. It is used in the treatment of coughs, flu and other febrile conditions, insomnia and migraine[9, 13]. The root can be harvested in the spring or autumn and is dried for later use[9].

References

Our new book Edible Shrubs is now available.

Edible Shrubs provides detailed information, attractively presented, on over 70 shrub species. They have been selected to provide a mix of different plant sizes and growing conditions. Most provide delicious and nutritious fruit, but many also have edible leaves, seeds, flowers, stems or roots, or they yield edible or useful oil.

Read More

Edible Shrubs Book

Other Uses

Miscellany

None known

Special Uses

References

Cultivation details

Prefers a medium to heavy moisture retentive humus rich loam in a cool position with light to medium shade[200], though it succeeds in heavier shade[187]. Grows well in heavy clay soils and in chalky soils[187]. A very ornamental plant[1], there are a number of subspecies[187]. The subspecies P. elatior meyeri is a parent of the P. x pruhonicensis group of ornamental hybrids[187]. This species hybridizes readily with P. vulgaris[17].

References

Temperature Converter

Type a value in the Celsius field to convert the value to Fahrenheit:

Fahrenheit:

image

The PFAF Bookshop

Plants For A Future have a number of books available in paperback and digital form. Book titles include Edible Plants, Edible Perennials, Edible Trees, and Woodland Gardening. Our new book to be released soon is Edible Shrubs.

Shop Now

Propagation

Seed - best sown as soon as it is ripe in a cold frame[133]. Sow stored seed in early spring in a cold frame[1]. Germination is inhibited by temperatures above 20°c[200]. Prick out the seedlings into individual pots when large enough to handle and plant out in the summer. Division in autumn. This is best done every other year[200].

Other Names

If available other names are mentioned here

Found In

Countries where the plant has been found are listed here if the information is available

Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status :

Related Plants
Latin NameCommon NameHabitHeightHardinessGrowthSoilShadeMoistureEdibleMedicinalOther
Anagallis arvensisScarlet PimpernelAnnual0.1 6-9  LMHNDM223
Androsace sarmentosaRock JasminePerennial0.1 3-7  LMSNDM02 
Ardisia crenataCoralberry, Hen's eyes, SpiceberryShrub2.0 7-10 SLMHSM011
Ardisia crispa Shrub1.2 6-9  LMHSM110
Ardisia japonicaMarlberryShrub0.5 8-10 MLMHSM030
Ardisia sieboldiiDuo Zhi Zi Jin NiuShrub6.0 0-0  LMHSM100
Cyclamen hederifoliumCyclamen, Alpine Violet, Persian VioletPerennial0.1 6-9 MLMFSNM01 
Dodecatheon hendersoniiSailor-Caps, Mosquito billsPerennial0.3 5-9  LMHFSM10 
Embelia ribesFalse black pepper, White-flowered EmbeliaClimber15.0 10-12 FLMHSM342
Glaux maritimaBlack Saltwort, Sea milkwortPerennial0.3 0-0  LMHNM21 
Hottonia palustrisWater VioletPerennial0.9 5-9 FLMHNWa01 
Lysimachia barystachysManchurian yellow loosestrifePerennial0.6 4-8  LMHSNM10 
Lysimachia christiniaeJin Qian CaoPerennial0.3 -  LMHSNM02 
Lysimachia clethroidesGooseneck Loosestrife, Gooseneck yellow loosestrife, Japanese Loosestrife, Shepherd's CrookPerennial1.0 3-8 FLMHSNM10 
Lysimachia eleutheroides Perennial0.0 -  LMHSNM30 
Lysimachia foenum-graecumLing Xiang CaoPerennial0.5 -  LMHSNM01 
Lysimachia fortunei Perennial0.5 6-9  LMHSNMWeWa10 
Lysimachia nemorumYellow PimpernelPerennial0.5 5-9  LMHSNMWe01 
Lysimachia nummulariaCreeping Jenny, Moneywort, Creeping CharliePerennial0.2 4-8 FLMHSNMWeWa120
Lysimachia paridiformis Perennial0.3 6-9  LMHSNMWeWa02 
Lysimachia quadrifoliaWhorled Yellow LoosestrifePerennial0.6 -  LMHSNM11 
Lysimachia sikokiana Perennial0.6 -  LMHSNM01 
Lysimachia vulgarisYellow Loosestrife, Garden yellow loosestrifePerennial1.2 4-8  LMHSNMWeWa120
Primula auricula Perennial0.2 3-7  LMHSM01 
Primula denticulataDrumstick PrimulaPerennial0.3 4-8  LMHSNMWe20 
Primula involucrata Perennial0.3 4-8  LMHSMWe02 
Primula macrophylla Perennial0.3 5-9  LMHNM02 
Primula parryiParry's primrosePerennial0.3 4-8  LMHFSM00 
Primula reticulata Perennial0.4 5-9  LMHSNM01 
12

Growth: S = slow M = medium F = fast. Soil: L = light (sandy) M = medium H = heavy (clay). pH: A = acid N = neutral B = basic (alkaline). Shade: F = full shade S = semi-shade N = no shade. Moisture: D = dry M = Moist We = wet Wa = water.

 

Print Friendly and PDF

Expert comment

Author

(L.)Hill.

Botanical References

17200

Links / References

For a list of references used on this page please go here

Readers comment

   Mon Apr 10 2006

Please don't encourage people to pick and eat this plant because it is very localised and is in enough danger from deer.

QR Code

What's this?

This is a QR code (short for Quick Response) which gives fast-track access to our website pages. QR Codes are barcodes that can be read by mobile phone (smartphone) cameras. This QR Code is unique to this page. All plant pages have their own unique code. For more information about QR Codes click here.

1. Copy and print the QR code to a plant label, poster, book, website, magazines, newspaper etc and even t-shirts.

2. Smartphone users scan the QR Code which automatically takes them to the webpage the QR Code came from.

3. Smartphone users quickly have information on a plant directly for the pfaf.org website on their phone.

Add a comment

If you have important information about this plant that may help other users please add a comment or link below. Only comments or links that are felt to be directly relevant to a plant will be included. If you think a comment/link or information contained on this page is inaccurate or misleading we would welcome your feedback at admin@pfaf.org. If you have questions about a plant please use the Forum on this website as we do not have the resources to answer questions ourselves.

* Please note: the comments by website users are not necessarily those held by PFAF and may give misleading or inaccurate information.

To leave a comment please Register or login here All comments need to be approved so will not appear immediately.

Subject : Primula elatior  
© 2010, Plants For A Future. Plants For A Future is a charitable company limited by guarantee, registered in England and Wales. Charity No. 1057719, Company No. 3204567. This work is licensed under a Creative Commons License. Some information cannot be used for commercial reasons or be modified (but some can). Please view the copyright link for more information.
Web Design & Management