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Poraqueiba sericea - Tul.

Common Name Umari
Family Icacinaceae
USDA hardiness 10-12
Known Hazards None known
Habitats Rainforest, on land that does not become inundated[416 ]. Usually found in deep, clayey, well-drained soils[420 ].
Range S. America - northern Brazil.
Edibility Rating    (4 of 5)
Other Uses    (2 of 5)
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating    (0 of 5)
Care (info)
Tender Well drained soil Moist Soil Semi-shade Full sun
Poraqueiba sericea Umari


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Poraqueiba sericea Umari
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Summary

Umari, Poraqueiba sericea, is an evergreen, tropical, and fairly fast-growing tree with no known medicinal uses. It can be found in South America particularly in northern Brazil, where it grows usually about 15-25 m tall with a dense pyramidal canopy. Its bole is straight and about 30-50 cm in diameter. Established plants are tolerant to drought but not to flooding. The fruits are edible specifically the fleshy pulp. It can be consumed raw or cooked. It yields oil which is edible as well. The wood is ideal for carpentry and construction but is mostly used for making charcoal. The plant can be grown from seeds and germination takes about 4-6 weeks after sowing.


Physical Characteristics

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Poraqueiba sericea is an evergreen Tree growing to 20 m (65ft) by 18 m (59ft) at a fast rate.
It is hardy to zone (UK) 10.
Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils, prefers well-drained soil and can grow in heavy clay and nutritionally poor soils. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils and can grow in saline soils.
It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade. It prefers dry or moist soil and can tolerate drought.

UK Hardiness Map US Hardiness Map

Synonyms

Poraqueiba acuminata Miers

Habitats

Edible Uses

Edible Parts: Fruit  Oil  Seed
Edible Uses: Oil

Fruit - raw or cooked[416 ]. The fleshy pulp has a peculiar taste and aroma[416 ]. It is often served with manioc flour[3 ]416, and is made into a 'butter' for spreading on bread[355 ]. The fruit contains 12% oil and is rich in starch[317 ]. The yellowish fruit is around 7cm long and 5cm wide[416 ]. An edible oil is obtained from the fruit pulp and the seed[420 ].

References

Medicinal Uses

Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.


None known

References

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An important new book from PFAF. It focuses on the attributes of plants suitable for food forests, what each can contribute to a food forest ecosystem, including carbon sequestration, and the kinds of foods they yield. The book suggests that community and small-scale food forests can provide a real alternative to intensive industrialised agriculture, and help to combat the many inter-related environmental crises that threaten the very future of life on Earth.

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FOOD FOREST PLANTS

Other Uses

Oil

Agroforestry Uses: The tree is often interplanted with crops such as Brazil nut, cashew, uvilla, and Inga species that grow well in poor, clay soils[355 ]. Other Uses Children cut the endosperm of the fruit into thin, opaque slices to make toy glasses[355 ]. The wood is medium to thick-textured, straight-grained, moderately heavy, hard, with moderate mechanical properties and not durable[420 ]. It is suitable for carpentry and internal use in construction[317 , 355 ]. It is popular for making charcoal[355 ].

Special Uses

Food Forest

References

Cultivation details

Succeeds in a sunny position and in dappled shade[420 ]. Trees can grow well in very poor, heavy clay soils[355 ]. Intolerant of flooding[355 ]. Established plants are drought tolerant[420 ].

References

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Plants For A Future have a number of books available in paperback and digital form. Book titles include Edible Plants, Edible Perennials, Edible Trees, and Woodland Gardening. Our new book to be released soon is Edible Shrubs.

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Propagation

Seed - best sown as soon as it is ripe in a partially shaded position in individual containers. A medium germination rate can be expected, with the seed sprouting within 28 - 42 days[420 ]. Plants should be ready to plant out 7 - 8 months later[420 ].

Other Names

If available other names are mentioned here

Mari-preto, Umari-roxo, caniba, capibare, guacure, madi, mari, umarí, yumari, yuí.

Found In

Countries where the plant has been found are listed here if the information is available

Brazil; Peru; Colombia; Venezuela, Bolivarian Republic of; Ecuador, Amazon, Ecuador, , South America,

Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status : This taxon has not yet been assessed

Related Plants
Latin NameCommon NameHabitHeightHardinessGrowthSoilShadeMoistureEdibleMedicinalOther

Growth: S = slow M = medium F = fast. Soil: L = light (sandy) M = medium H = heavy (clay). pH: A = acid N = neutral B = basic (alkaline). Shade: F = full shade S = semi-shade N = no shade. Moisture: D = dry M = Moist We = wet Wa = water.

 

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Botanical References

Links / References

For a list of references used on this page please go here
A special thanks to Ken Fern for some of the information used on this page.

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