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Plukenetia volubilis - L.

Common Name Inca peanut
Family Euphorbiaceae
USDA hardiness 10-12
Known Hazards None known
Habitats Occurs in disturbed areas or forest edges of lowland moist or wet forest, at elevations below 900 metres[674 ].
Range S. America - Brazil, Bolivia, Peru, Ecuador, Colombia, Venezuela, Surinam; Caribbean - Windward Isles.
Edibility Rating    (3 of 5)
Other Uses    (3 of 5)
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating    (0 of 5)
Care (info)
Tender Moist Soil Semi-shade Full sun
Plukenetia volubilis Inca peanut


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Plukenetia volubilis Inca peanut
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Summary


Physical Characteristics

 icon of manicon of climber
Plukenetia volubilis is an evergreen Climber growing to 2 m (6ft) by 0.2 m (0ft 8in) at a fast rate.
See above for USDA hardiness. It is hardy to UK zone 10.
Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and prefers well-drained soil. Suitable pH: mildly acid and neutral soils and can grow in very acid soils.
It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade. It prefers moist soil.

UK Hardiness Map US Hardiness Map

Synonyms

Fragariopsis paxii Pittier Plukenetia macrostyla Ule Plukenetia peruviana Müll.Arg. Sajorium volubile (L.) Baill.

Habitats

Edible Uses

Edible Parts: Leaves  Oil  Seed
Edible Uses: Oil

Leaves - cooked and eaten as a vegetable[301 ]. Seeds - roasted[301 , 674 ]. An excellent flavour[301 ]. Rich in oil (35 - 60%) and protein (27%). An oil is extracted from the seed. It is used in the preparation of various meals. Staple crop: Protein-oil.

References   More on Edible Uses

Medicinal Uses

Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.


None known

References   More on Medicinal Uses

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An important new book from PFAF. It focuses on the attributes of plants suitable for food forests, what each can contribute to a food forest ecosystem, including carbon sequestration, and the kinds of foods they yield. The book suggests that community and small-scale food forests can provide a real alternative to intensive industrialised agriculture, and help to combat the many inter-related environmental crises that threaten the very future of life on Earth.

Read More

FOOD FOREST PLANTS

Other Uses

Cosmetic  Fodder  Oil

The oil from the seed is of high quality and can be used for cosmetics etc. Fodder: bank.

Special Uses

Carbon Farming  Food Forest

References   More on Other Uses

Cultivation details

Fodder: Bank  Management: Standard  New Crop  Staple Crop: Protein-oil

Humid tropics. Grows in warm climates up to altitudes of 1,700 meters (5,500 feet) as long as there is continued availability of water and good drainage. It grows better in acidic soils and alluvial flats near rivers. Cultivated plants frequently have larger, 5 - 6 carpelled fruits and more prominently serrate leaf margins[674 ]. The seeds of inchi have high protein (27%) and oil (35 - 60%) content, and the oil is rich in the essential fatty acids omega-3 linolenic acid (˜45-53% of total fat content) and omega-6 linoleic acid (˜34-39% of fat content), as well as non-essential omega-9 (˜6-10% of fat content).[

Carbon Farming

  • Fodder: Bank  Fodder banks are plantings of high-quality fodder species. Their goal is to maintain healthy productive animals. They can be utilized all year, but are designed to bridge the forage scarcity of annual dry seasons. Fodder bank plants are usually trees or shrubs, and often legumes. The relatively deep roots of these woody perennials allow them to reach soil nutrients and moisture not available to grasses and herbaceous plants.
  • Management: Standard  Plants grow to their standard height. Harvest fruit, seeds, or other products. Non-Destructive management systems.
  • New Crop  Most new crops were important wild plants until recently, although some are the result of hybridization. They have been developed in the last few, decades. What they have in common is that they are currently cultivated by farmers. Examples include baobab, argan, and buffalo gourd.
  • Staple Crop: Protein-oil  (16+ percent protein, 16+ percent oil). Annuals include soybeans, peanuts, sunflower seeds. Perennials include seeds, beans, nuts, and fruits such as almond, Brazil nut, pistachio, walnut, hazel, and safou.

References   Carbon Farming Information and Carbon Sequestration Information

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Propagation

Seed

Other Names

If available other names are mentioned here

Amendoim-de-Inka, Amuio, Mountain peanut, Ticazo, Wild peanut, Supua, Sacha inchi

Found In

Countries where the plant has been found are listed here if the information is available

Amazon, Andes, Antilles, Australia, Bolivia, Brazil, Central America, Colombia, Costa Rica, Dominica, Ecuador, Guianas, Guyana, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama, Peru, South America, St Lucia, Suriname, Venezuela

Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

None Known

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status : This taxon has not yet been assessed

Related Plants
Latin NameCommon NameHabitHeightHardinessGrowthSoilShadeMoistureEdibleMedicinalOther
Plukenetia conophoraConophor. Nigerian walnut. Awusa nut,Perennial Climber18.0 10-12 FLMHSNM423

Growth: S = slow M = medium F = fast. Soil: L = light (sandy) M = medium H = heavy (clay). pH: A = acid N = neutral B = basic (alkaline). Shade: F = full shade S = semi-shade N = no shade. Moisture: D = dry M = Moist We = wet Wa = water.

 

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Botanical References

Links / References

For a list of references used on this page please go here
A special thanks to Ken Fern for some of the information used on this page.

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