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Plantago arenaria - Waldst.&Kit.

Common Name French Psyllium
Family Plantaginaceae
USDA hardiness Coming soon
Known Hazards None known
Habitats Disturbed ground, dunes and grassy places[17].
Range S. Europe to S.W. Asia. Naturalized in Britain.
Edibility Rating    (1 of 5)
Other Uses    (0 of 5)
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating    (3 of 5)
Care (info)
Well drained soil Moist Soil Full sun
Plantago arenaria French Psyllium


http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/User:Aroche
Plantago arenaria French Psyllium
http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/User:Aroche

 

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Summary


Physical Characteristics

 icon of manicon of flower
Plantago arenaria is a ANNUAL growing to 0.3 m (1ft) by 0.3 m (1ft in). It is in flower from July to August. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Wind. The plant is self-fertile.
Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and prefers well-drained soil. Suitable pH: mildly acid, neutral and basic (mildly alkaline) soils. It cannot grow in the shade. It prefers dry or moist soil.

UK Hardiness Map US Hardiness Map

Synonyms

P. indica. P. psyllium. non L.1753 P. ramosa.

Habitats

 Cultivated Beds;

Edible Uses

Edible Parts: Leaves
Edible Uses:

Young leaves - raw or cooked.

References   More on Edible Uses

Medicinal Uses

Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.
Demulcent  Dysentery  Emollient  Laxative  Purgative

Psyllium has been used as a safe and effective laxative for thousands of years in Western herbal medicine[254]. Both the dried seeds and the seed husks are demulcent, emollient and purgative[4, 9, 46, 254]. The seeds have a mucilaginous coat and swell to several times their volume when in water[9]. The seeds and the husks contain high levels of fibre, they expand and become highly gelatinous when soaked in water. By maintaining a high water content within the large bowel they increase the bulk of the stool, easing its passage[254]. They are used as a demulcent and as a bulk laxative in the treatment of constipation, dysentery and other intestinal complaints, having a soothing and regulatory effect upon the system[4, 9]. Their regulatory effect on the digestive system means that they can also be used in the treatment of diarrhoea and by helping to soften the stool they reduce the irritation of haemorrhoids[254]. The jelly-like mucilage produced when Psyllium is soaked in water has the ability to absorb toxins within the large bowel. Thus it helps to remove toxins from the body and can be used to reduce auto-toxicity[254].

References   More on Medicinal Uses

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An important new book from PFAF. It focuses on the attributes of plants suitable for food forests, what each can contribute to a food forest ecosystem, including carbon sequestration, and the kinds of foods they yield. The book suggests that community and small-scale food forests can provide a real alternative to intensive industrialised agriculture, and help to combat the many inter-related environmental crises that threaten the very future of life on Earth.

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FOOD FOREST PLANTS

Other Uses

None known

Special Uses

References   More on Other Uses

Cultivation details

Succeeds in any moderately fertile soil in a sunny position[200]. This species is cultivated in many areas for its seed, which is used medicinally[46, 50, 60].

References   Carbon Farming Information and Carbon Sequestration Information

Temperature Converter

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Propagation

Seed - sow spring in a cold frame. When they are large enough to handle, prick the seedlings out into individual pots and plant them out in early summer A sowing can be made outdoors in situ in mid to late spring if you have enough seeds.

Other Names

If available other names are mentioned here

Found In

Countries where the plant has been found are listed here if the information is available

Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status :

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Plantago crassifolia Perennial0.2 -  LMHNM12 
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Plantago debilis Perennial0.4 -  LMHSNM00 
Plantago decipiens Perennial0.2 -  LMHNDM12 
Plantago depressa Perennial0.0 -  LMHSNM12 
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Plantago juncoides Perennial0.0 -  LMHNDM12 
Plantago lanceolataRibwort Plantain, Narrowleaf plantainPerennial0.5 5-9  LMHNDM233
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Plantago maritimaSea Plantain, Goose tongue, California goose tonguePerennial0.2 5-9  LMHNM322
Plantago mediaHoary PlantainPerennial0.1 5-9  LMHNDM222
Plantago oliganthus Perennial0.2 -  LMHNM12 
Plantago ovataBlond Psyllium, Desert IndianwheatAnnual0.0 0-0  LMHNDM23 
Plantago psylliumFleawortAnnual0.6 -  LMHNDM23 
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Growth: S = slow M = medium F = fast. Soil: L = light (sandy) M = medium H = heavy (clay). pH: A = acid N = neutral B = basic (alkaline). Shade: F = full shade S = semi-shade N = no shade. Moisture: D = dry M = Moist We = wet Wa = water.

 

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Author

Waldst.&Kit.

Botanical References

1750200

Links / References

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Subject : Plantago arenaria  
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