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Picea jezoensis - (Siebold.&Zucc.)Carrière.

Common Name Yezo Spruce
Family Pinaceae
USDA hardiness Coming soon
Known Hazards None known
Habitats High mountains in N. Japan[58]. Mountains and river basins at elevations of 300 - 1700 metres[266].
Range E. Asia - Siberia, Manchuria, Korea, Japan.
Edibility Rating    (2 of 5)
Other Uses    (0 of 5)
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating    (1 of 5)
Care
Fully Hardy Moist Soil Full sun
Picea jezoensis Yezo Spruce


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Picea jezoensis Yezo Spruce
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Summary


Physical Characteristics

 icon of manicon of cone
Picea jezoensis is an evergreen Tree growing to 35 m (114ft 10in) at a medium rate.
It is hardy to zone (UK) 2 and is not frost tender. It is in leaf all year, and the seeds ripen from September to October. The species is monoecious (individual flowers are either male or female, but both sexes can be found on the same plant) and is pollinated by Wind.
Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and can grow in nutritionally poor soil. Suitable pH: acid and neutral soils and can grow in very acid soils.
It cannot grow in the shade. It prefers moist soil. The plant can tolerates strong winds but not maritime exposure.
It cannot tolerate atmospheric pollution.

Synonyms

Habitats

Woodland Garden Canopy;

Edible Uses

Edible Parts: Flowers;  Inner bark;  Seed.
Edible Uses: Tea.

Young male catkins - raw or cooked. Used as a flavouring[172]. Immature female cones - cooked. The central portion, when roasted, is sweet and syrupy[172]. Inner bark - dried, ground into a powder and then used as a thickener in soups etc or added to cereals when making bread[172]. An emergency food, it is only used when all else fails. Seed - raw. Too small and fiddly to be worthwhile unless you are desperate[172]. A refreshing tea, rich in vitamin C, can be made from the young shoot tips[172].

Medicinal Uses



Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.

Vulnerary.

Vulnerary[46, 61]

Other Uses

Essential;  Resin;  Tannin;  Wood.

A resin obtained from the trunk of the tree is used medicinally[46, 61, 266]. Tannin is obtained from the bark[266]. An essential oil is obained from the leaves[266]. Wood - soft, light, elastic, flexible. Used for interior finishes, furniture etc[[46]. It is also valued for its use in the pulp industry to make paper[171]. The timber is used for construction, machines, poles, furniture, and wood pulp[266].

Cultivation details

Likes abundant moisture at the roots, if grown in drier areas it must be given a deep moist soil[11]. Tolerates poor peaty soils[200]. Succeeds in wet cold and shallow soils but is not very wind-firm in shallow soils[1]. Prefers a pH between 4 to 6[200]. Dislikes shade[200]. Intolerant of atmospheric pollution[11]. Resists wind exposure to some degree[200]. This species is not very successful in Britain. Whilst it is very cold-hardy when dormant, it comes into new growth too early in the spring and this growth is often cut back by late frosts. The few trees that can be found are stunted and poor due to repeated frost damage. The sub-species P. jezoensis hondoensis. (Mayr.)Rehder. is much more successful[185], it shows remarkably consistent growth in all parts of the country[185]. Though not of the fastest, older trees average 40cm increase a year. Increase in girth is more rapid, 4cm a year is common[185]. In some upland areas, especially over granitic or other base-poor soils, growth rate and health have been seriously affected by aluminium poisoning induced by acid rain[200]. Plants are strongly outbreeding, self-fertilized seed usually grows poorly[200]. They hybridize freely with other members of this genus[200]. Trees should be planted into their permanent positions when they are quite small, between 30 and 90cm. Larger trees will check badly and hardly put on any growth for several years. This also badly affects root development and wind resistance[200].

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Propagation

Seed - stratification will probably improve germination so sow fresh seed in the autumn in a cold frame if possible[80]. Sow stored seed as early in the year as possible in a cold frame[78]. A position in light shade is probably best[78]. Seed should not be allowed to dry out and should be stored in a cool place[80]. Prick out the seedlings into individual pots when they are large enough to handle and grow them on in the greenhouse or cold frame for their first winter. They can be planted out into their permanent positions in early summer of the following year, or be placed in an outdoor nursery bed for a year or so to increase in size. They might need protection from spring frosts. Cuttings of semi-ripe terminal shoots, 5 - 8cm long, August in a frame. Protect from frost. Forms roots in the spring[78]. Cuttings of mature terminal shoots, 5 - 10cm long, September/October in a cold frame. Takes 12 months[78]. Cuttings of soft to semi-ripe wood, early summer in a frame. Slow but sure.

Other Names

If available other names are mentioned here

Found In

Countries where the plant has been found are listed here if the information is available

Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status :

Related Plants
Latin NameCommon NameEdibility RatingMedicinal Rating
Picea abiesNorway Spruce21
Picea asperataChinese Spruce20
Picea brachytylaSargent Spruce20
Picea brewerianaWeeping Spruce, Brewer spruce20
Picea engelmanniiMountain Spruce, Engelmann spruce22
Picea glaucaWhite Spruce, Black Hills Spruce, Canadian Spruce22
Picea glehniiSakhalin Spruce20
Picea marianaBlack Spruce, Swamp Spruce22
Picea omorikaSerbian Spruce20
Picea orientalisCaucasian Spruce20
Picea pungensBlue Spruce, Colorado Spruce20
Picea purpureaPurple-Coned Spruce20
Picea rubensRed Spruce21
Picea sitchensisSitka Spruce22
Picea smithianaMorinda Spruce20

 

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Expert comment

Author

(Siebold.&Zucc.)Carrière.

Botanical References

11200266

Links / References

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