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Phoenix sylvestris - (L.)Roxb.

Common Name Wild Date Plum, India Date Palm
Family Arecaceae or Palmae
USDA hardiness 9-11
Known Hazards None known
Habitats Not known
Range E. Asia - Himalayas from western India to Nepal and Myanmar.
Edibility Rating    (1 of 5)
Other Uses    (0 of 5)
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating    (0 of 5)
Care (info)
Half Hardy Moist Soil Semi-shade Full sun
Phoenix sylvestris Wild Date Plum, India Date Palm

Phoenix sylvestris Wild Date Plum, India Date Palm


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Bloom Color: White. Main Bloom Time: Early summer, Early spring, Late summer, Late spring, Mid summer, Mid spring. Form: Palm, Upright or erect.

Physical Characteristics

 icon of manicon of lolypop
Phoenix sylvestris is a TREE growing to 15 m (49ft 3in) at a slow rate.
See above for USDA hardiness. It is hardy to UK zone 9. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs).
Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils. Suitable pH: mildly acid, neutral and basic (mildly alkaline) soils. It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade. It prefers moist soil.

UK Hardiness Map US Hardiness Map


Plant Habitats

Woodland Garden Sunny Edge;

Edible Uses

Fruit. Of a very inferior character[2]. Sap - it can be concentrated into a syrup or fermented into alcohol[2]. One of the main sources of sugar in Bengal[2]. The sap is obtained from the unopened inflorescence[171]. The tip of this is cut off and the sap then flows from this cut. The flow can be up to 5 litres a day for several months, it contains about 14% sugar[171]. See also [1].

References   More on Edible Uses

Medicinal Uses

Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.

None known

References   More on Medicinal Uses

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Other Uses

None known

Special Uses

References   More on Other Uses

Cultivation details

Landscape Uses:Specimen, Street tree. Requires an open sunny position[231]. One of the most frost-hardy members of the genus. 200555. Special Features: Not North American native, Attractive flowers or blooms.

References   Carbon Farming Information and Carbon Sequestration Information

Temperature Converter

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Plants For A Future have a number of books available in paperback and digital form. Book titles include Edible Plants, Edible Perennials, Edible Trees,Edible Shrubs, Woodland Gardening, and Temperate Food Forest Plants. Our new book is Food Forest Plants For Hotter Conditions (Tropical and Sub-Tropical).

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Plant Propagation

Other Names

If available other names are mentioned here

Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status :

Related Plants
Latin NameCommon NameHabitHeightHardinessGrowthSoilShadeMoistureEdibleMedicinalOther
Phoenix canariensisCanary Island Date PalmTree12.0 8-11 SLMHNDM302
Phoenix dactyliferaDate PalmTree25.0 8-12 SLMHNDM523
Phoenix reclinataSenegal Date PalmTree6.0 9-11 MLMNDM100

Growth: S = slow M = medium F = fast. Soil: L = light (sandy) M = medium H = heavy (clay). pH: A = acid N = neutral B = basic (alkaline). Shade: F = full shade S = semi-shade N = no shade. Moisture: D = dry M = Moist We = wet Wa = water.


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Botanical References


Links / References

For a list of references used on this page please go here

Readers comment

   Sat Aug 9 19:42:03 2003

We have two date palms in our yard and I have been told that there is something you can do to prevent them from growing the dates. Is this true? I would appreciate any info. The trees are getting too tall for anyone to climb and cut the dates out - so therefore they fall all over, very messy and the dog eats them and becomes ill. Help! Write: [email protected]

h.s shankar ram   Sun Apr 9 2006

if u can extract the sap that contains sugar by a mass cultivation and covert to alcohol or even gasol by zeolites ;shall it really be an ideal renewable power .

william   Fri Jun 22 2007

i just buy phoenix sylvestis 200tree height: 3m-5m trunk height clear. it just arrived from india i want to know the bet treatment should be done??? should it be placed in halfsun or in fullsun? should it be given hormon such as b1 or not? should it be given soil or river san as growth media?? please give advise based on long term expiriensis..... maybe someone could help me in the treatment of p.sylvestris??? the plant arraived with rootball raped in cocopeat 5cms....

John Springer   Wed Oct 24 2007

What is the difference between a Phoenix sylvestris, a Phoenix dactylifera and a Phoenix dactylifera x sylvestris? I am a Residential Landscape Designer and my Landscape Contractor needs to know the difference between each of these species, if there is a difference. Please respond as quickly as possible. Thank you!

   Sat Jan 19 2008

1 . Phoenix Silvestris is very hardy and need full sun , no need of extra care , it can be survive in the desert without water or in excess water conditions . though it likes organic feeding . ( Willam ) 2 . They are mutants devoleps by cross pounation naturally . silvestris has a yellow thorns and thick stem with bit broader leaves , it makes thick foliage . fruits are not pulpy . P. Dectylifera has slim stems with eadible pulpy fruits . foliage is not thic like sylvestris. ( [email protected] ) 3 . It is very good rich food , millions of people use daily in india and middle east.

Alex   Thu Dec 4 2008

will Phoenix sylvestris survive clorinated water spray from the nearby fountain? any one have the experience please reply.or which other plant is an alternative for the same location.

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