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Phillyrea latifolia - L.

Common Name
Family Oleaceae
USDA hardiness 6-9
Known Hazards None known
Habitats Evergreen thickets and rocky slopes[45, 50], mainly on limestone[184].
Range S.E. Europe to W. Asia.
Edibility Rating    (1 of 5)
Other Uses    (0 of 5)
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating    (1 of 5)
Care
Fully Hardy Well drained soil Moist Soil Semi-shade Full sun
Phillyrea latifolia


http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/User:Esculapio
Phillyrea latifolia
http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/User:Esculapio

 

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Summary


Physical Characteristics

 icon of manicon of cone
Phillyrea latifolia is an evergreen Tree growing to 8 m (26ft) by 8 m (26ft) at a slow rate.
It is hardy to zone (UK) 7. It is in leaf all year, in flower from April to May. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs).
Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade. It prefers dry or moist soil. The plant can tolerate maritime exposure.

UK Hardiness Map US Hardiness Map

Synonyms

P. media.

Habitats

Woodland Garden Sunny Edge; Hedge;

Edible Uses

Edible Parts: Fruit
Edible Uses:

Fruit - olive-like[2]. It is possibly edible[105]. The fruit is an ovoid drupe about 6mm in diameter with a single seed[200].

Medicinal Uses

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Diuretic  Emmenagogue  Mouthwash

Diuretic, emmenagogue. Also used as a mouthwash[46, 61].

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Other Uses

Charcoal  Hedge  Hedge  Wood

Bears pruning well and can be grown as a hedge, tolerating maritime exposure though it is fairly slow growing[11, 49, 75]. Any trimming is best carried out in the spring[188]. Wood - fine grained. Used in turner[46, 61]. An excellent charcoal is obtained from the stems[100].

Cultivation details

Thrives in any soil of moderate quality[11]. Prefers a neutral to acid soil but tolerates some lime[200]. Succeeds in sun or semi-shade[200]. Tolerates maritime exposure[75, K]. Plants are hardy to about -15°c[184]. A slow growing plant[182]. The flowers have a rich fruity perfume[245]. This species is cultivated for its edible olive-like fruit in southern Europe[2]. (This report is possibly a mistake[K].) Plants in this genus are notably resistant to honey fungus[200].

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Propagation

Seed - best sown in a cold frame as soon as it is ripe[200]. Sow stored seed as early in the year as possible. When they are large enough to handle, prick the seedlings out into individual pots and grow them on in the greenhouse for at least their first winter. Plant them out into their permanent positions in late spring or early summer, after the last expected frosts. Cuttings of half-ripe wood, 7 - 10cm with a heel, July/August in a frame. Takes 15 months. High percentage[78]. Layering in autumn. Takes 12 months[78].

Other Names

If available other names are mentioned here

Found In

Countries where the plant has been found are listed here if the information is available

Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status :

Related Plants

 

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Expert comment

Author

L.

Botanical References

1150200

Links / References

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Subject : Phillyrea latifolia  
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