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Passiflora mollisima - (Kunth.)L.H.Bailey.

Common Name Banana Passion Fruit
Family Passifloraceae
USDA hardiness 5-9
Known Hazards None known
Habitats Forests in the Andes to elevations of 3400 metres[196].
Range S. America - Venezuela and Colombia to Bolivia and Peru.
Edibility Rating  
Other Uses  
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating  
Care
Fully Hardy Moist Soil Full sun
Passiflora mollisima Banana Passion Fruit


www.flickr.com/photos/pbouchard
Passiflora mollisima Banana Passion Fruit
www.flickr.com/photos/pbouchard

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Summary


Physical Characteristics

 icon of manicon of climber
Passiflora mollisima is an evergreen Climber growing to 5 m (16ft 5in) at a fast rate.
It is hardy to zone (UK) 6 and is not frost tender. It is in leaf 12-Jan It is in flower from Jul to September. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and are pollinated by Bees. Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and prefers well-drained soil. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It cannot grow in the shade. It prefers moist soil.

Synonyms

Tacsonia mollissima.

Habitats

 South Wall. By. West Wall. By.

Edible Uses

Edible Parts: Fruit.
Edible Uses:

Fruit - raw or cooked[46, 105]. An agreeable flavour[2]. An aromatic taste, it can be eaten out of hand or used as a flavouring in ice creams, fruit salads, puddings etc[183]. A juice made from the fruit is highly prized in S. America[183]. Individual fruits are up to 15cm long and weigh 50 - 150g[196].

Medicinal Uses

Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.



None known

Other Uses

None known

Cultivation details

Requires a well-drained soil with plenty of moisture in the growing season, otherwise it is not fussy[1]. One report says that this plant is hardy to climatic zone 6 (tolerating frosts of -20°c)[200] but this is surely a misprint. The top growth is said to tolerate slight air frosts[88] and plants are said to be hardy on a wall in the mild areas of Britain, being commonly grown around Penzance[49, 59]. In S. America plants can tolerate occasional lows to -5°c[196]. Outdoor grown plants should have their roots restricted in order to reduce vegetative growth and encourage fruiting[1]. Plants do not generally fruit well in Britain[88]. In order to improve the chances of producing fruit it is best to hand pollinate using pollen from a flower that has been open for 12 hours to pollinate a newly opened flower before midday[88]. Cultivated for its edible fruit in S. America[46, 196]. Yields of 300 fruits per vine and 30 tonnes per hectare are recorded in S. America[196]. A climbing plant, attaching itself to other plants by means of tendrils that are produced at the leaf axils. Plants in this genus are notably resistant to honey fungus[200].

Propagation

Pre-soak the seed for 12 hours in warm water and then sow late winter or early spring in a warm greenhouse. If sown in January and grown on fast it can flower and fruit in its first year[88]. The seed germinates in 1 - 12 months at 20°c. Prick out the seedlings into individual pots when they are large enough to handle. It you are intending to grow the plants outdoors, it is probably best to keep them in the greenhouse for their first winter and plant them out into their permanent positions in late spring or early summer, after the last expected frosts. Mulch the roots well in late autumn to protect them from the cold. Cuttings of young shoots, 15cm with a heel, in spring[1]. Leaf bud cuttings in spring. Cuttings of fully mature wood in early summer. Takes 3 months. High percentage[3].

Other Names

If available other names are mentioned here

Found In

Countries where the plant has been found are listed here if the information is available

Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status :

Related Plants
Latin NameCommon NameEdibility RatingMedicinal Rating
Passiflora actiniaPassion Flower30
Passiflora antioquiensisBanana Passionfruit40
Passiflora caeruleaPassion Flower, Bluecrown passionflower, Blue Passion Flower30
Passiflora edulisPassion Flower, Purple granadilla41
Passiflora herbertiana 20
Passiflora incarnataMaypops - Passion Flower, Purple passionflower, Apricot Vine, Maypop, Wild Passion Flower, Purple Pa33
Passiflora laurifoliaYellow Granadilla42
Passiflora ligularisSweet Grenadilla, Passion Flower50
Passiflora membranaceaPassion Flower30
Passiflora popenoviiGranadilla de Quijos40
Passiflora quadrangularisGiant Granadilla, Badea42
Passiflora speciesPassion Flower30
Passiflora tarminianabanana passionfruit, banana poka40
Passiflora tetrandra 10
Passiflora tripartita mollissimaBanana Passionfruit40
Passiflora umbilicataPassion Flower20
Passiflora x colvilliiPassion Flower20
Passiflora x exoniensisPassion Flower30

 

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Expert comment

Author

(Kunth.)L.H.Bailey.

Botanical References

200

Links / References

For a list of references used on this page please go here

Readers comment

Sandy Lacey   Sun Sep 30 2007

Growing very nicely in Kent England. Seldom have hard frosts and I would expect it to come back from a mild one

tony   Sun Apr 6 2008

How do i hand pollinate my plant? I have hundreds of flowers but once they bloom theey fall off. Thank you so much for your help

   Sep 14 2017 12:00AM

What was the minimum temperature it survived to you?

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Subject : Passiflora mollisima  
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