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Parthenocissus himalayana - (Royle.)Planch.

Common Name
Family Vitaceae
USDA hardiness 8-11
Known Hazards None known
Habitats Climbing over rocks, 1200 - 3300 metres in W. China[109]. Moist open places at elevations of 2100 - 3200 metres in Nepal[272].
Range E. Asia - China to the Himalayas.
Edibility Rating    (2 of 5)
Other Uses    (0 of 5)
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating    (0 of 5)
Care
Half Hardy Moist Soil Semi-shade Full sun
Parthenocissus himalayana


Parthenocissus himalayana

 

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Summary


Physical Characteristics

 icon of manicon of climber
Parthenocissus himalayana is a deciduous Climber growing to 18 m (59ft 1in) at a fast rate.
It is hardy to zone (UK) 9 and is frost tender. It is in flower from May to July, and the seeds ripen from September to October. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Insects.
Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and prefers well-drained soil. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade. It prefers moist soil.

UK Hardiness Map US Hardiness Map

Synonyms

Ampelopsis himalayana.

Habitats

Woodland Garden Sunny Edge; Dappled Shade; Shady Edge; Ground Cover; East Wall. By. West Wall. By.

Edible Uses

Edible Parts: Fruit
Edible Uses:

Fruit - raw or cooked[105, 177]. A juicy texture with a sweet to acidic flavour[194]. The average yield per plant is about 750g per year[194]. (This seems exceedingly low[K].) The fruit contains about 8.6% sugars, 2.9% protein, 1.4% ash. Vitamin C content is 12.2mg per 100ml of juice[194]. The fruit is about 6mm in diameter[200] and is carried in small bunches like grapes.

Medicinal Uses

Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.


None known

Other Uses

Plants can be allowed to sprawl on the ground, making a good ground cover when spaced about 3 metres apart each way[208]. They are very vigorous, however, and would soon swamp smaller plants[K].

Cultivation details

Requires a well-drained moisture retentive fertile soil and a sunny position[200]. Succeeds in semi-shade[208]. This species is not very hardy outdoors in Britain, it succeeds in the milder areas of the country where it is best grown on an east or west facing wall[200, 219]. The young growth in spring can be damaged by late frosts. Fruits are only produced after a long hot summer[219]. The fruit of this species is very late ripening and the plant has potential in breeding programmes with Vitis vinifera, especially in the Himalayas, where this trait could be useful[194]. A climbing plant, supporting itself by means of adhesive tendrils[182, 219]. A very good climber for walls but it can invade gutters[182].

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Propagation

Seed - best sown as soon as it is ripe in a cold frame[200]. Stored seed requires stratifying for 6 weeks at 5°c and should be sown as early in the year as possible[200]. Germination is variable. When they are large enough to handle, prick the seedlings out into individual pots and grow them on in the greenhouse for at least their first winter. Plant them out into their permanent positions in late spring or early summer, after the last expected frosts. Cuttings of half-ripe wood, 7 - 10cm taken at a node (ensure that it has at least 2 true buds), July/August in a frame[78]. Easy to root but they do not always survive the first winter[182]. Basal hardwood cuttings of current seasons growth, 10 - 12 cm long, autumn in a frame[200]. Layering[200].

Other Names

If available other names are mentioned here

Found In

Countries where the plant has been found are listed here if the information is available

Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status :

Related Plants
Latin NameCommon NameEdibility RatingMedicinal Rating
Parthenocissus quinquefoliaVirginia Creeper, Woodbine22
Parthenocissus tricuspidataBoston Ivy, Japanese Ivy, Japanese Creeper10

 

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Expert comment

Author

(Royle.)Planch.

Botanical References

11109200

Links / References

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Subject : Parthenocissus himalayana  
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